It is undeniable that female empowerment is imperative. More importantly, the establishment of feminist movements has created a platform for women to assemble as a community to combat the patriarchal system that continues to exist in society. Consequently, women uniting to dispute sexism, acknowledges a component that can hinder their progress and success in society. Yet, this idea of feminism is over simplified, it disregards the diverse and intricate experiences women face in actuality. Therefore, the consequence of generalizing the feminist political practice results in an assumption that women uniformly experience a single oppression, this ignores the reality of the multiple oppressions women can encounter.
Research in 2016 resulting that 22,6% rate of women that participating or contributing in politics or government nationally level parliament. Several countries now are searching measures to increase the women’s participation in government from local to national or national to international. From the quality, women can’t be doubted for their powers and intelligences, both in education world, arts, technologies, and etc. Especially with the lot population of women in world, it’s clearly that we should empower and respect women. Women also want the freedom to do anything to get achievements, rewards, and proof theirselve that they are worth more than a housewife.
However, it is important to note that on the surface Zimbabwe appears dedicated to empowering women but the reality on the ground tells a different story. In spite of the vast international, regional and national laws that Zimbabwe is a signatory to, women are still not recognized and given rights to participate in politics like their male counterparts. Consequently, women participation and progress still lags behind men (Nebolisa, 2009). In response to the above, NGOs have since played a pivotal role and tried to fill this void by capacitating women as well as providing relevant civic education in order to instill confidence in them that they have the aptitude to hold leadership responsibilities in a similar manner as
Representation is essential because “...the development of any political agenda that does not include the perspectives, views and experiences of those who will be affected is not credible.” (Ballington, 2005, p. 24). Put in another way, all members of a particular society should be able to articulate their interests and demands in principle, but we see that this is not always the case in practice, for there are still societies where certain groups are marginalized and not accorded the rights and the mechanisms to express their interests. This is true for women, because they have not always been politically recognized. Quotas for women entail that women must constitute a certain number or percentage of the members of a body, whether it is a candidate list, a
I will discuss why women are needed to help negotiate peace plans and develop solutions to modern problems. I will distinguish the key difference between men and women in terms of strategies and techniques in conflict resolution. This paper will examine the benefits of having more women involved in the problem-solving process but also examine why men dominate the field and what can be done to better integrate the expertise of women. Conflict is an unavoidable component of human activity (Brahnam et al, 2005). While there are many types of conflicts stemming from various underlying issues, the key to handling these conflicts is through diplomatic means of settlement.
This new paradigm is focused and rooted in women’s perspectives that write about energy, capacity and potential. She redefines power as a deliberative, collective and cooperative action, moreover finds that a feminist reformulation of security studies would fundamentally alter the field. Mainly, because women don’t have access to coercion and have developed other solutions for issues therefore introducing a new perspective to international relations. For Tickner, this reformulation would lead to an analysis of security in terms of north-south instead of east-west and about human security instead of national security, and would even tie in the environment as a site of mutual cooperation rather than
Malaysia or the Federation of Malaysia consists of thirteen states with nine of which having sultans or rajas. One of among the nine sultans is chosen every five years to be the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of all Malaysia or the constitutional monarch. 50% of the Malaysian population were Malays, 24% were Chinese, 7% were Indians, and the rest were composed of different minority groups such as Eurasians. Islam is the prevailing religion in the country (Beng & Saravanamuttu, 2010). As of July 2014, according to the CIA World Fact Book, the estimated population for Malaysia is 30 million, which in comparison to the Philippines’, is just one-third more or less.
They are held every five and six years respectively and the general elections have to be held within three months of dissolution of the Parliament. Under the Singapore constitution, the eligibility for a person to run for President includes an age of at least 45 years old with at least three years of experience in holding a position of responsibility or seniority in office in the private or public sphere. To be eligible to run for Parliament, one must be a Citizen of Singapore, living in Singapore, and over the age of 21. However, in China, elections are based on a hierarchical electoral system whereby the local People’s Congresses are directly elected. Citizens 18 and older vote for village and local people’s congresses; those congresses in turn elect the representatives to provincial people’s congresses; all higher levels of People's Congresses up to the National People's Congress, the national legislature, are indirectly elected by the People's Congress of a lower rank.
United Nation has also declared that the minimum benchmark for women representation should be 30% . The responsibility falls upon the government to safeguard the liberties for women to vote, to be part of formulation of national policies and to join political organizations as they wish . Hence, this shows clearly that the government and the legislature are to formulate regulations and policies that encourage and safeguard the liberties of women to engage themselves in the political movements and administration of the country. However, Malaysian government still need to work on said task as Malaysian women have yet to receive equal rights in terms of their political lives. The fact that Malaysian women are not much involved in the domain of politics can be seen from several
This research would utilize education of women as the bedrock to women empowerment. The researcher would not delve into economic empowerment of the woman, but restrict this work to empowering a woman in such a way that she would be able to make certain decisions that affect her life and that of her family. 1.7 RESEARCH