Women have played a major role in their religion since the very beginning. So often in society and in other religions, women were oppressed and not consider equal to the equivalent men. In Judaism, it was quite the opposite, which is actually extremely unusual for this time period. Their status and role in their religion and society has become a benchmark for many other religions and society movements throughout the world.
During Ancient Greece the Greeks believed in a religion known as Mythology. There were many different gods and goddesses in this religion that they worshiped. One of my favorite goddesses is Persephone. Persephone was a very interesting goddess because her story is much different than the other gods and goddesses. Persephone was the Goddess of spring and she was also the goddess of the Underworld.
Zeus had a daughter names Athena. She is not the daughter of Hera, however, because she is said to have sprung from the head of Zeus. Here is the goddess of war, wisdom, weaving, and the protector of Athens. Another very important goddess is Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. Artemis is the goddess of lunar light, hunting, and childbirth.
In their artwork, they depicted the gods, often the goddess known as “Ma’at”. Ma’at, the goddess of law, order and truth, was a powerful source in the power industry, for people in the society would be comforted to know that their Pharaoh was being guided by such a great goddess.
Isis was another goddess that the ancient Egyptians believed in. She was the patron of health, marriage, magic, commoners, nature, and wisdom to the ancient Egyptians. Her affiliation with these aspects of life, especially magic and health, made Isis pivotal to the ancient Egyptian religion and the ancient Egyptian culture. Isis is described as a woman who adorns a headdress shaped like a throne who holds a Ankh in her hand. An Ankh is an object which resembles a cross but having a loop at the top.
(“Greek Mythology: Demeter”) Demeter was basically the goddess of famine and hunger. Like most of the Greek gods, she represented a force of nature, which means she could bring either blessing or curse. It has been said Demeter taught the art of agriculture to Triptolemus, who then spread this knowledge to the rest of mankind. (“Greek Mythology: Demeter”) (“Facts About Demeter the Greek Goddess”) (“Goddess of Agriculture & Horticulture”)
Roles Played By Women In Classical Civilizations Women weren’t always seen as equal to men, throughout history women have been mistreated and thought to be less than men. In the classical times,the Rome Empire and the Han dynasty had many similarities and a couple differences in the way they treated their women. During the Classic period from 300 BCE-600 CE, women in Rome and the Han Dynasty were treated and seen as less than men, in China were to submit to their husbands while in Rome women were to be married as soon as they hit puberty and had many disadvantages in divorce,in both civilizations the main role of women was to of taking care of children and the home. In ancient Rome women weren’t given much rights and treated like second class citizens.
These goddesses were Athena god of wisdom, Aphrodite god of beauty, and Hera goddess of marriage and birth Eris who happens to be goddess of strife and discord gave them a golden apple. This golden apple marked who was the fairest and just. Zeus ended up sending the goddesses to Paris. The goddesses all tempted Paris to make his decision. Hera offered a beautiful marriage.
Isis was viewed by the Egyptians as a protector, most commonly of pregnant women, infants, and children. Isis was the wife of the god Osiris. His brother, Seth, was jealous of him and had wanted to take his throne. Seth cut Osiris into pieces and scattered them all over Egypt. Isis found all but one of the pieces of Osiris and put him back together. Isis then brought Osiris back to life. Her son, Horus, decided to take revenge on Seth for the murder of his father. This took place around 1500 B.C.E.
Humans have always had a unique perspective on gender roles. Throughout history, women have somehow became less superior to men. There are multiple variables to how and why this came to be. Whether it was the agriculture revolution, influential literature, or even climate events from the Mesopotamian civilization, males have managed to be more dominant. There has also been harmful sexism perspectives passed down each generation that could have triggered what women can and cannot do. However based upon evidences drawn by numerous historian writers, there are answers to why women roles have somehow been overlooked.
In the Ancient world, much like today, each society exercised, according to their custom, different treatment towards women. Today, unlike in the Ancient world, women enjoy more freedom, rights, and equality. In this essay, the status of women in ancient Egypt will be compared to the status of women in ancient Rome. Academic sources will be relied on to provide the necessary actualities when one investigates ancient lives and cultures. The legal status of women in society, the different roles that each unique nation’s women played, and the possible education permitted and occupations available to these women will be discussed, as well as, their domestic atmospheres will be critically compared in this short essay to demonstrate the different treatment (if there were a difference) of women in both these imposing periods of ancient history.
Role of Women in Ancient Empires Throughout the modern world, we mention the concept of equality between men and women and try to equalize their positions in society. It is illogical for women to ask and try to prove that they are equal with men because equality is something that are already given to humanity, but contradicting the role of women by men is what created the gap between them. By looking at history, we can say that accomplishing that goal of making their position equal is not easy.
Over generations, the role of women in society has shifted and changed immensely, improving upon many aspects of rights and values that women have. The changes occurred gave women opportunities to provide ideas, to have the same rights as men, giving women freedom, leading to many contributions of many significant and valuable events. But from current roles of women being equal to those of men, how women stood in ancient society significantly differs and contrast with ours today. Throughout history, the role and significance of women were always outweighed by the dominance and influence of men. The role of women in ancient times varied throughout, depending on the place and area in the world, in which women had different roles and impacts on their own society. The civilizations in Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient India, and Ancient China all displayed diverse roles of women in their society but among these civilizations, I believe living in Ancient Egypt is the most suitable civilization living as a woman.
Demeter is a revered character in Greek mythology and one to be taken seriously as a character in mythology. Myths about Demeter explain the reasons for winter and why nothing grows. She is highly respected for making sure that crops are growing so people would not starve. If she did not do her job humans would die of hunger. She is also important because she taught Triptolemus the art of agriculture and how to cultivate crops.
For instance Lady Reason states, “Believe me, despite what you’ve read in books,you’ve never seen such a thing, because it’s all pack of outrageous lies” (785). Lady Justice is presented with a container of gold given for rewards to those who have remained loyal, and righteous. Not to mention, Lady Rectitude who holds the rule that separates right from wrong, in other words good from evil. Each tool is used to represent what was expected of women as well as to help build the kingdom of women. In the same manner, The goddess are the personification of wisdom, morality, and good behavior.