At that time, they took on roles such as nurses, seamstresses, and cooks. Some women worked as spies while others disguised themselves as men in order to serve in the fight. Over the years, women contributed as well as adapted to the many changes that took place in America and remained willing to take on new roles that helped make this country what it is today. Women began to serve officially in the military when the Army established a permanent Nurse Corps in 1901 (Women In Combat: Framing the Issues).
The women would then work in the factories while providing their own families. This made women feel empowered and helps them to realize their full potential. It may have allowed women to work, but society has made women feel that they are not as equal
Roles of women consisted of nursing and special operations personnel. During World War I is when women were finally able to join the military. More than 33, 000 women served as nurses and special staff during that time. Only 400 lost their lives in the line of duty. Even though women were given these roles they still wanted to contribute to the fight despite the exclusionary rule and policies.
When the war broke out, women put their campaigns to get the vote on hold and focused on contributing to the war effort. Many women joined the Ministry of Munitions in 1915 to help to make ammunition for the soldiers at war. By the end of the war, there were over 30,000 munitionettes completing this dangerous job for low pay to demonstrate that they were willing to risk their lives to gain the vote. Over 90,000 women also joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) to look after injured soldiers. An example of a member of the VAD was Elsie Inglis.
(Tames, 1997) Job vacancies increased dramatically, women even began fighting in the war along-side men as organisations opened. Women were able to work independently and became free of their responsibilities they were born to have as decided by their community. The maths adds up to out of the 1 million Australian’s who served in the war, 7 per-cent of them were women (Prezi, 2015). By 1939, many young girls found employment in domestic services and between wars in 1928 a law was passed which stated that any person over the age of 21 could vote; male and female.
This movement pushed to allow women better jobs (outside the stereotypical nurse, teacher, and secretary roles they typically held) and salaries to close the salary gap between men and women. Post World War II, there was an increase in the number of jobs that needed to be filled, including white-collar jobs in the private sector which required a college education. Women soon started filling these abundant roles because there simply was not enough men to work and families also needed extra income. This trend continued through the sixties and by the seventies it was clear both middle-class and working-class women were in the workforce for good and “working for wages outside the home has become the norm.” (Epstein, 2002, p. 35) This time period was, according to Epstein (2002), “connected to a transformation of the economy that was drawing women into the labor force on a permanent basis.”
This essay is about how Women’s role has changed during World War II. Women were encouraged by the government to enlist in the Army as nurses or as workers since most men were overseas and this created new opportunities for women. In this essay we’ll discuss about three events, women’s participation in military services, salary increase and why nurses were permitted overseas. Australian women had many responsibilities during World War 2.
The military is the place of combat and strength. It consists of men and now, even women, that fight to protect our loving country. As we go through our history, we can find that there are a few women that have braved the front lines as doctors, nurses, and even soldiers themselves, and now, the Pentagon has opened the window of about 220,000 military jobs to women. Theses previous women not only aided the soldiers, they were under the danger of being killed by stray bullets. If other women have followed their dreams, why can’t we?
The setbacks began during the American Civil War. The movement had lost momentum due to women turning their attention to help in any way they could with conflicts between the states due to the war. After the war was over there was yet another setback for women. At this time the issue of voting rights for black men was arising and became the focus of the society. This came in between the women’s rights movement.
When World War 1 started and the demand for mobilization of entire nations when millions of men were sent into the military it created a needed labor workers, it was filled by women. A very significant number of women started work, but the most important impact of the war on women’s employment wasn’t just about in how they did the job, it was about women were able to get into jobs That was previously out of reach for woman, for example heavy industry, munitions, and police work. More than 25,000 US women who served in Europe in World War I. They went to helped as nurse the wounded, provide food and other supplies to the military, serve as telephone operators, entertain troops, and work as journalists.
The second World War resulted in a demand for workers after men began leaving for the war. Due to a lot of the working men in America going overseas as well as the demand for war products, women became a major source of labor. Propaganda began to address women, persuading them that it was their duty to start working for the men. The film The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter gives personal accounts of some of the hardships women faced in the era surrounding WWII, and how the media was used to create a desire for women to work.
With many of the men going off to help with the war effort, many factories were running out of people manufactured their products especially war materials. With less men available to work everyday, the government created propaganda which aimed women. The governmnet convinced more and more women to join the workforce. For example, Rosie the Riveter became an important symbol of World War Two that focuses on the fact that women are strong individuals and also maintained their femininity while at work.