Most people think that women voting now a days is normal but it was only not too long ago, on August 18, 1920, that women first gained the right to vote. Securing the right to vote for women was not easy and took many years for the 19th Amendment to finally be ratified. The 19th Amendment granted American women the right to vote and states that the right of citizens shall not be denied by the United States or by any state because of ones’ gender (“19th Amendment”). Many different groups and conventions were formed to help spread the word that women should be able to have the right to vote. Within these groups were many different suffragettes that helped win the vote at last.
The 15th amendment, which allowed African-American males to vote, was successfully passed before the 19th amendment was. This actually helped the women’s suffrage movement, as it brought in African-American women who also wanted to vote. The National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) were the two main associations that discussed women's right to vote. These two groups were conjoined to form the National American Woman Suffrage Movement (NAWSA) after they had been defeated by Congress on the Senate floor. They had just begun to persuade states to allow women to vote, such as, Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and Wyoming, and thought they had enough backup and support to make women voting, a national occurrence.
The 1840s was the beginning of many reforms towards society. The Second Great Awakening created various religions based on the belief on how a person should live their lives. This lead to the Antebellum Era, the beginning of the revival in America. According to Newman and Schmalbach in their textbook, Unites States History Preparing for the Advanced Placement Examination: women began the anti-slavery reforms during the Antebellum Era. Women wanted equality between sexes because the fourteenth amendment gave all white males the right to vote.Stanton held the women 's convention in 1848, to discuss the violation of equality toward woman in anti-slavery political debates.
This act was passed on April 7, 1848, and although it allowed protection of the property of married women, it was still far from a comprehensive piece of Legislation for females (American). By the end of the meeting, they had decided to call for a convention, “to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights for woman” (Seneca
The american women 's efforts to win the voting rights were significantly influenced by both the Civil War and World War I. The american women started an organized movement to gain rights to vote, it started in the 1860s. In World War I the choice was the same, although the context and the response were different. Women 's suffrage made a change in the society’s lives. Two women organized a convention which declared a basic right for women.
In 1874, Susan B. Anthony wrote a petition to Untied States Congress requesting: “that the fine imposed upon your petitioner be remitted, as an expression of the sense of this high tribunal that her conviction was unjust." (Anthony) Anthony believed the fine $100 USD was unjust because she and her friends were just trying to fight for an amendment that would guarantee women’s voting rights. NWSA kept on with their steps to achieve their goal. In 1878, the Women Suffrage Amendment, later became the Ninth Amendment, had first introduced in the Congress of United States. “Susan B. Anthony: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” (Cayton, 637) These words were main ground of the whole movement; voting rights should not signify by sex but by nationality.
She brought every tactic and ideal she learned from the duo to America and applied them in the association. According to Sheridan Harveys’ article "Marching For the Vote: Remembering the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913" from the Library of Congress, Paul convinced NAWSA to allow her to organize the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 and raised the funds for the parade herself. She strategically planned the march the day before President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration to gain as much national attention as possible. On March 3, 1913, thousands of woman suffragists marched along Pennsylvania Avenue. Despite being verbally and physically attacked by those in opposition of women’s right to vote, the women marched on, demonstrating the lengths they will go to earn their rights.
Women became more bold and unreserved and spoke out loud for the rights they believed they deserved, while Blacks created a whole new bounty of African American literature, art, and music. In the 1920s, women got to leave the house more often, and it was looked at as normal to not be a house mother all the time. Women realized that there was more out there for them, and that they should be treated like men. The first right they desired was the one to vote. The fight for women’s suffrage officially began at the Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, and continued for over seventy-two years before it was achieved.
Alice was so determined to help achieve women’s suffrage through constitutional amendment. In 1869, two suffrage organizations were founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton of National Woman Suffrage Association. From the start, NWSA secures the amendment of the United States to guarantee that a woman will vote. During Alice’s last days in England, she did everything she can to help. She returned home hoping she wouldn’t have to see reporters outside asking about her arrest or politics.
The essay covering women’s suffragist talked about the events that took place after the founders of the movement became too old to continue to advocate for women’s right to vote. Now a new generation of six young, well bred women stepped up to continue the work of Susan B. Anthony. These six women were members of the National Women’s Party and were led by the influential Alice Paul. In the essay, William and Mary Lavender explained the struggles that Alice Paul and the suffragist faced while marching in Washington. They tried to urge President Woodrow Wilson to adopt the Susan B. Anthony Amendment and give women the right to vote.