Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson Roosevelt (26nd president) & Wilson (28th president) both proudy served as presidents of the United States of America. Wilson served March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921. Roosevelt served March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945. They are alike in a lot of different ways, but also different in several ways.
The Progressive Movement Progressive movement was essentially the middle class movement which started from the late 19th century to the first decades of the 20th century. The main reason for this movement was to correct injustices in American life and eliminate government based problems such as industrialization, immigration, urbanization, and corruption across the United States. The movement had involved many national, state, and local levels. One of the Progressive accomplishments for state level was the pass of child labors. Along with both Republicans and Democrats who defended causes such as women suffrage, tax reform, minimum wage, workers allowance, etc.
"Once upon a time my political opponents honored me as possessing the fabulous intellectual and economic power by which I created a world-wide depression all by myself." Herbert Hoover was the president in office during the beginning of the Great Depression. He said this quote when most Americans attributed him to the root of the depression. This great despair started in 1929 and persisted for a decade. Launching off from Black Tuesday or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, the United States was under a national despondency. This depression was felt world-wide to nations such as Great Britain and Germany. In the United Sates, black Americans were the ones who suffered in preponderance since they were the first to be unemployed, they were racially
President Woodrow Wilson was the last of the Progressive Presidents and as such caused great economic, political and social change. He served between 1913 and 1921 during which he imposed economic change through reforms, both national and international political change and a change in the role of women, giving them the right to vote. The effects of Wilsons presidency created abundant change within American society that had long lasting impacts.
Woodrow Wilson was a man with many characteristics that helped him achieve so many great things in and out of the office. A man whose desire was to end all future wars in the nation. Woodrow Wilson was raised by Joseph Ruggles, his father who was also his mentor and encouraged him to become a religious man but would have also wanted him to follow his way of life in the ministry. Wilson had other plans he “sought ways to build patriotism and reshape the federal government to govern the reunited nation more effectively” (Clements 1). He wanted to make a difference in society bring new opportunities to the help the people and the economy as well. Wilson’s mother Janet Woodrow Wilson was a very bright rather shy woman who was also a great influence
Wilson continues on to state that it was America’s duty to take part of every decision made as well as influencing the outcome and those who were living in the shadows. “It was our duty to do everything that it was within our power to do to make the triumph of freedom and of right a lasting triumph in the assurance of which men might everywhere live without fear,” (Wilson, 1919). Wilson also stated that it was important for us to get away from the negative influences spurred by Germany, where we must form our own principles of what’s wrong and what was right. Wilson goes on further and states that we must accept and give way to the new world and its progressive concept of peace, where up to that point there couldn’t be peace in Europe without the new order of the League of Nations, where the League of Nation’s goal was to assist in the mediation of international disputes and prevent future
The Progressive Era is one of the reasons America still stands strong today. It lasted from the 1890’s to the 1920’s and seeked to reform American policies and government. There are 3 main people who have contributed to the Progressive area - Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. These three presidents enforced and introduced laws and regulations that allowed more flexibility and choice for the people, and they are still in use today. If it weren’t for them, America would still be overly ruled by corporations and silenced by the government and our people would be sick.
president or other members of the government to have to rely on popular oratory. They did not believe the president should constantly be on trial by the court of public opinion for everything he said. They wanted to “establish institutions which could operate effectively without the immediate support of the transient opinion” (242). The modern presidency is entirely different than what the founding fathers intended it to be.
In the following days of October, an incredible misfortune occurred. This event would soon be known as “Black Tuesday”. This unfaithful day was the day where the stock market plummeted leading to a great crash in the economy. This led plenty of individuals to become homeless and live in a state of poverty. Many of these individuals began to create their own society's known as Hoovervilles. Hoovervilles could be understood as an enormous tent city within New York's Central Park. This era was known as the Great Depression, the worst economic downturn in U.S. history. Franklin D. Roosevelt responded in a diligent way mainly due to the fact that Roosevelt introduced The New Deal, which included many programs that served as benefactors to the public. Furthermore, Roosevelt's responses were quite effective because the unemployment rate decreased during his presidency. Lastly, the role of the federal government changed because they became more indulged in the lives of its citizens.
In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the president of the United State after President Herbert Hoover. The Great Depression was also at its height because President Hoover believed that the crash was just the temporary recession that people must pass through, and he refused to drag the federal government in stabilizing prices, controlling business and fixing the currency. Many experts, including Hoover, thought that there was no need for federal government intervention. ("Herbert Hoover on) As a result, when the time came for Roosevelt’s Presidency, the public had already been suffering for a long time. Half of the banks had closed their doors, more than twenty percent of the US population was unemployed, and the economy was lacking regulation. ("The Great Depression.") Therefore, President Roosevelt wanted to bring stability to people’s lives and the economy. Stating “I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.”("Franklin D. Roosevelt.") The New Deal was a series of experimental projects and programs, and there were three main programs know
Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s public image has been nothing short of superb. He was the charismatic man who overcame polio and brought back America from the Great Depression and led them to victory in World War II. But, in actuality, Roosevelt was not as great as the history books make him seem. Where he succeeded in some areas, he failed in others. FDR’s lack of moral principles and abuse of federal power, as well as his inept handling of the Great Depression and failure to retain any foresight of his actions, results in an evaluation of a 3 out of 10 rating.
It has been said that “if under Roosevelt social reform took on the excitement of a circus, under Wilson it acquired the dedication of a sunrise service” (Divine 2013, p. 553). Because he worked closely with the Democrats in Congress he was one of the most effective presidents when it came to passing bills that he was in support of. In fact on the very day of his inaugural he called a special session of Congress with the agenda to lower the tariff. By working closely with Congress he was triumphant in getting the Underwood Tariff Act to pass. Wilson agreed with the postmaster general in regards to segregating of all African Americans in the federal service.
Encouraging growth within small businesses would aid the economy in not allowing big business to take over; however, that lead to questions regarding labor reform. He also made choices in Presidency that we still see today, as a requirement, such as establishing an office in the Capitol and press conferences. Both of these changes allowed Wilson to address issues with Congress immediately and more efficiently. Woodrow Wilson was definitely a progressive and his actions made an impact on all Americans. He advocated many progressive goals such as the exploitation issue by labor legislation for both women and children; furthermore, he limited all Americans to a certain number of hours per day, as well as a wage that was beneficial to everyone.
(Quote) “It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something!”. (Background) Critics stated that FDR and his administration’s methods were not effective. (Thesis Statement) However, the response of FDR’s administration to the problems of The Great Depression was effective because they created the New Deal, revived enterprise, and made better use of industries.