Social Changes That Gave Rise to Mass Democracy The social changes that occurred during 1830 and 1840 gave rise to notable processes, such as mass democracy. Mass democracy can be defined as society taking control of voting and choosing presidents to their liking; instead of having the legislature vote based on their own interests, voting was based on the people’s benefits. This process was significantly influenced by the males in power. These social changes that occurred during the period of 1820 and 1840 were the Jacksonian Democracy created by Andrew Jackson, the American System developed by Henry Clay, and the presidency of William H. Harrison.
In the years 1829-1839, Jackson had decided to run for President. He thought that the “common man” should have more say in government, therefore, he was running as a Democratic. When he had run for President, he won with 178 electoral votes. Andrew Jackson was Democratic because he chose a “common man” to be in office and he vetoed the National Bank. There were a few reasons why Jackson was Democratic, but here is one.
Martin Van Buren, the first actual American President. Martin Van Buren was born in 1782. He became a quick headline when he won a U.S senate seat in 1821. While in the Senate, Martin Van Buren helped form the new Democratic Party from a coalition of Jeffersonian Republicans who backed up as their nomination for the election Andrew Jackson. One of Jackson 's favorite, Van Buren won the presidency himself in 1836, but was tortured during his term due to a financial panic.
The first half of the eyewitness was before Thomas Jefferson becoming our third president and during his presidency. It talks about how Jefferson won the election between him and Aaron Burr including how he became famous or popular for his re-election. The reason on why he was won against Burr was because Burr was expecting Alexander Hamilton to choose him for the high office because he was a political enemy of Jefferson. However, Hamilton was against Burr more than Jefferson leading to Jefferson’s win. With this win Jefferson was able to become president.
Fast forward to 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected president. He changed the party’s name from Democratic-Republican to Democrats. His party believed in supporting the rights and interests of the general population (the masses). During his time in office is when political parties had become the platform through where many Americans were becoming politically involved. People who opposed Jackson’s beliefs formed together to form the National Republican party also known as the Whig party.
He and Martin Van Buren were responsible for creating the political organization that was the basis for the modern Democratic Party. Andrew Jackson believed the presidency represented the will of the people, and, as such, should have broad authority. He was widely criticized for expanding the power of the presidency. He was known for rewarding his political supporters with government jobs. When asked, he responded by claiming he was replacing aristocrats with the common man.
Back in the 19th century members were appointed to office using the spoils system, which pretty much means after winning an election, the political party or president gives government jobs to its supporters, friends, and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party. After people became fed up with the spoils system and a disappointed officer assassinated President Garfield they started using the merits system. The merits system is the process of promoting and hiring government employees based on their ability to perform a job, rather than on political connections. The spoils system was developed about 150 years ago.
This clashed with political bosses at the time period who sought to get rid of me. They reasoned that the best way to get rid of me was to promote me to Vice President, a weak political position at the time with little duties. So in 1900, I ran on the McKinley-Roosevelt ticket as a Republican. McKinley was assassinated on September 13, 1901. Following this, I was sworn in as president the following
As 28th President Woodrow Wilson was running for his second term, the Democratic Party’s slogan was “He kept us out of war.” A month after he won the presidential race against Charles Hughes, a Congress encouraged by Wilson voted to engage in war against Germany. In this decision, Wilson demonstrates the necessity of change within a leader when they are preserving ideas and values that are of more importance than what is being change, in addition to when they must gather and maintain support.
On election day, the voters of Illinois chose members of the state legislature who in turn reelected Douglas to the Senate in January 1859. Although Lincoln lost, the Republicans received more popular votes than the Democrats, signaling an important shift in the political character of the state. Moreover, Lincoln had gained a reputation throughout the North. He was invited to campaign for Republican candidates in other states and was now mentioned as a candidate for the presidency. In winning, Douglas further alienated the Buchanan administration and the South, was soon to be stripped of his power in the Senate, and contributed to the division of the Democratic
The personal vendetta Jackson had for Clay and Calhoun also assisted in his decision making on the charter renewal. This decision resulted in rogue banks attempting to print their own money, so counterfeiting became a problem. The election period from the 1820 's until the 1830 's resulted in a new type of politics, that was "characterized by pandering to the masses" (Schultz, Mays, Winfree, 2010). There were four factors involved; (1) the booming economic growth caused Americans to feel that government should be more responsive to their needs; (2) voting expansion, more men were able to vote; (3) the continual presidential election of 1824 that raised national political awareness; (4) which led to the rise of mass parties and the second two-party
The influence on wealthy individuals and corporations in politics and campaigns was not a new phenomenon in the early 1970s. In fact, President Theodore Roosevelt proposed reigning in campaign spending by corporations and called for transparency in campaign finances. However, it wasn't until 1971 that reform efforts were put into law with passage of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). The law, signed by Nixon shortly before the 1972 Watergate break-in, instituted disclosure requirements for federal candidates, political parties, and political action committees. However, the law lacked teeth because there was no government-level body to enforce it.
The year 1914 marked the start of the first World War. Civil unrest had broken out in Europe, and the effects of the war were beginning to spread. Before long, the United States had to choose a stance on their involvement. After President Woodrow Wilson’s reelection in 1916, the burden of this task fell to him. President WIlson had already expressed his apprehensiveness towards entering the war in 1914, and remained strongly for American neutrality.