However, it was clear that they had no choice; Germany was obviously incapable of undergoing more war. If Germany were to be invaded by the Allies, it would’ve been very difficult for them to defend themselves since they had been weakened by the war. Furthermore, Germany hadn’t taken part in the Paris peace conference; only the winning countries had been allowed to participate. When Germany had signed the armistice in 1918, they had thought they were accepting the fourteen point peace plan formulated by the USA President Wilson. Since this peace plan was based on fair and democratic ideas, Germany thought the Treaty would also be honest, but when, the 7th May 1919, the Treaty was put ahead of the German government, their expectations were proved
However, the act had little effect because the wording was so vague. Consequently, progressives worked for a stronger law to prevent business abuses. Their answer came in 1914 when Woodrow Wilson and Congress set up the Federal Trade Commission whose goal was to stop illegal business practices. President Woodrow Wilson provided the US with most of its Progressive Era
Although they were highly idealistic, they were the most viable option to a long-term peace and a stable economy for the Central Powers. In this sense, they represented America’s goals in the war and a continuation of a seemingly imperialist politic where the Americans could continue their trade in their area of domination (South America, Pacific, anywhere besides the so called Old Continent). However, the Europe needed money more than economic precepts, and economic assistance (such as the Marshall plan in WWII) would have had more impact on the destroyed European economy (active population had decreased, the industrial regions were in ruins…) in the short term. Although Germany’s economy could have been stable with less reparations to pay and with their colonies sustaining the production, a political (rise of the extremism) and social crisis was inevitable because of the humiliation of the Central Powers (death of the Triple-Alliance, creation of Poland). The Fourteen Points could have helped but WWII was
In fact during the treaty, Germany was excluded from the negotiations. The treaty devised people at Versailles, even the leaders of the Allies: David Lloyd George (Britain), Georges Clemenceau (France) and Woodrow Wilson (America) called “The Big Three” .However, ‘the big three’ made the treaty benefits their own cause too .The treaty who consisted of 15 parts and 440 articles was not widely accepted by the Germans but had no choice other than to sign it. The treaty strongly impacted Germany in many areas. The treaty was made to weaken Germany so they could not be a threat anymore, especially by taking Germany’s biggest powers. Firstly, military clause : the Army -was to be reduced to
But when the war became a reality it was evident immediately that artillerymen were not ready to deal with close combat, and under General H.J Hunt would have to adapt their crew drills and reorganize if they were to survive and continue to be a contributing member of the force. Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon capitalized on the potential of Field Artillery by using it as an offensive weapon system. He could reach out and attack from a distance without placing his artillery assists at risk. Back then the range of his cannons was only 300 to 400 yards, while the muskets used by his enemy was no more than 150 yards. This was not the case during the Civil War as upgraded technology and weapons allowed Soldiers to engage with effective fire
Communists believed that if the world was under strict control and supervision they could ensure safety, no more war, and world peace. The United States and western world believed that people should have free-will and a less controlling government. Democracy was more prominent than communism in most of the western world, so the Soviet Union sought after the middle east to take control of. These countries in the middle east needed leadership and the soviets saw that as an opportunity for them to spread their ideologies. The Cold War effected the Middle East, Afghanistan, and African nations in many ways.
The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead, they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies.
The League of Nations was established in 1919 as the idea born in Woodrow Wilson, who was president of the United States of America. The purpose of the League of Nations was to establish an international body of nations devoted to maintain peace, ensure the treaty of Versailles was being upheld and to never let the possibility of war breaking out. Despite the mission being set out, the whole thing was arguably a failure. Granted social services on their part were successful, the main objectives that were important were undermined by the self-interest of the respective members in the League. Different factors come into play but this remains the biggest, as many countries weren’t interested in supporting the leagues as their own economic problems began to overflow.
She argues that totalitarianism is ruthless and consistent thus it requires sacrifices of their own (8). That is why the Soviet Union won the war but Germany lost it, because they did not pump enough soldiers onto the battlefield. Although this argument is fallible because totalitarianism is not about winning a war, but controlling society. With her argument the sub-question of the title can be revisited; is there still a possibility for such regimes to exist in our age? China and India could easily become a totalitarian regime because these countries have a huge population where many still not politically organized.
Clearly, from the data it is necessary for India to raise its budget because firstly, it has never spent strategically or judiciously on military infrastructure. Recent developments also trigger the need for improved DRDO and related activities. On the other hand, it is felt unnecessary to spend huge sums on US military as it has enough resources. Scale From the statistics presented, India’s expenditure is nowhere close to that of US. But, considering the super lengthy border that India shares with its neighbours, it is definitely important for India to draw inspiration from some of the highly successful countries in terms of their military strategies and policies and scale up its expenditure for all future military