Workaholism Addiction

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1. Conceptual Issues Scholars have some disagreement on whether they should conceptualize workaholism as an addiction, some researchers go as far as calling workaholism a positive addiction. Whereas, workaholism is best conceived as an addiction to work that leads to many negative consequences on different levels. While, burnout is associated with major consequences such as depression, lack of sleep, turnover intentions, lower organizational commitment and exhaustion. Major Contribution In their meta-analysis, Clark, Michel, Zhdanova, Pui, & Baltes, (2015) found that workaholism is associated with personal characteristics that is driven by achievements. Also, workaholism is unrelated to self-esteem, positive affect, gender, parental status,…show more content…
Thereafter, a lack of detachment is predictive of high levels of strain and poor individual well-being. Additionally, detachment may play a mediating role in the job stressor-strain relationship and a moderating role in the stressor-well-being relationship (Sonnentag, & Fritz, 2015). Lin et al., (2015) research on the moderating roles of conscientiousness indicated that both challenge stressors and hindrance stressors were positively related to psychological strain. Moreover, conscientiousness moderated the relationship between both stressors and psychological strain, and moderated the relationship between challenge stressors and performance. Overall, the outcomes of the study suggest that conscientiousness acts as a two-edged sword that elevate performance and trigger the stress reaction of employees when they are faced with stressful situations. On the other hand, job demands with aspects such as physical, psychological, social, and organizational may become stressors when they require a high degree of efforts (Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004). The meta-analytic study of Michel et al. (2011) indicated that work social support and family social support are negatively related to WHC and HWC. Scholars have some disagreement on whether they should conceptualize workaholism as an addiction, some researchers go as far as calling workaholism a positive addiction.…show more content…
Information flow is very important, skill discretions and predictability can be potential goal for improving the quality of work life (Lin et al., 2015). In addition, it is very imperative to empower employees with the appropriate resources to maintain their level of involvement in their work as well as their health. Managers can improve employee satisfaction at work and at home by enabling enrichment as they become more aware of work-family issues, whereas managers can help employees develop job-related skills and coping strategies (Carlson et al., 2014). Moreover, managers can help employees build their networks of relationships, and provide opportunities for success and empowerment because such an investment in work-to-family enrichment will a great impact on job satisfaction. If organizations seek to increase productivity and lower employee burnout, they should adopt employees’ engagement rather than praising workaholic behavior (Clark et al.,

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