This kind of ‘male ego’ restricts promotion of women at jobs. 4. GENDER PAY GAP AND THE INDUSTRY: The jobs done by the male and female, more or less differ from each other. Though “these differences evolve with economic development, the resulting changes in the structure of employment are not enough to eliminate employment segregation by gender. So, women all over the world appear to be concentrated in low-productivity jobs” (World Bank, 2012).
The six female workers who working in Wal-Mart were the largest ever in American civil rights history. This is a case accusing Wal-Mart stores regarding discriminating cases against US female workers. Two points that had been alleged here is that women employed in Wal-Mart stores according to the 2010 court of Appeals opinion states that women are paid less than men, besides that the other opinion is receive fewer and had to wait longer. Wal-Mart since December 26, 1998 which suffered from the sexual discrimination cases. If Wal-Mart loses the case, it would cost Wal-Mart company many billions of dollar since the female workers who worked in Wal-Mart Company had been estimated as many as 1.5 billion to 2 million.
So It cannot be denied that gender inequality in workplaces is the most negatively effective on women , because at workplaces , employees should be treated on how they work not either they 're men or women. Despite the huge advances women have made , workplaces don 't recognize that women are equally qualified for the same jobs as men. The government and the society should work on providing fairness to the employees from both gender at workplaces. Gender inequality at workplaces is as any other problem in which there 're people for it and others against , the people with gender inequality sees that women are not able to do work as men , they don 't recognize how women may be qualified as men or even more. The other ones , who are with gender equality , sees the problem from another side.
The glass ceiling is defined as “an unofficially acknowledged barrier to advancement in a profession, especially affecting women and members of minorities” (2). In society, in particular the workplace, women and minorities are being deprived of a multitude of opportunities simply because of their appearance, sexual orientation and / or physical make-up etc…. The majority of high ranking job positions in the workplace are occupied by heteroxexual white males. This seems to be coincidence, right? No, this is anything but that, even if individuals are unaware of what they are doing, their subconscious kicks in and takes over, thus resulting in this trend to continue and worsen over the years.
Employment discrimination refers to limited employment opportunities that offered to discriminate groups and the discriminated have a larger share in unemployment. This kind of discrimination is associated with larger difficulties in seeking employment and a bigger risk of losing a job. Next, position discrimination is observed when there are restrictions in the entrance to administrative or leadership positions. It is related with professional segregation on a vertical plane where the number of women holding managerial positions is significantly low than men (p.96) and promotion are usually given to male employees as they are expected to be more responsible and talented of managing the job at the highest level of organisation (Tejashwini & Venumadhava, 2015). Koshal et al.
Only 15% of men work in these occupations. The top five woman-heavy majors were family and consumer sciences/human sciences (88% female); library science (87%); health professions and related programs (85%); public administration and social service professions (82%); and education (80%). (Furchtgott-Roth, 2014) Secondly, the numbers of working hours that both men and women work are different. On an average, women work for relatively lesser number of hours compared to men. Statistics show that men and women who work more than 40 hours a week, women make 88 cents for every dollar men earn.
Women are perceived to be disadvantaged at work. Indian laws on Rape, Dowry and Adultery have women 's safety at heart, but these highly discriminatory practices are still taking place at an alarming rate. Gender discrimination in India refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women. Gender inequalities, and its social causes, impact India 's sex ratio, women 's health over their lifetimes, their educational attainment, and economic conditions. Gender inequality in India is a various issue that concerns
She emphasis on the important and has emphasis on the important and implacability of minimum wages and maternity benefits Acts established which extends the coverage and scope of such legislation which makes a marginal difference to women condition at workplace but in practice this is not seen and often discrimination is practiced at workplace. In the article, “Gender stereotypes in the workplace and discrimination it creates” by Danica Dodds, highlights the negative effects that gender stereotypes produce fro women in the workplace. It also says that not only women, men are also affected especially homosexual men for not acting masculine enough. The article also sows that gender stereotypes leads to various form of discrimination such in wages, recruitment and promotional practices, sexual discrimination and pregnancy discrimination. In the article, “Types of discrimination in the workplace” by Scott Boyd explained two forms of discrimination in the work place and i.e.
In our society today, women are treated differently because of their gender, are not given raises that commensurate with their station and often make less compensation than men. Women, also must often deal with sexual harassment in the workplace which leaves physical and emotional scars. As historically, in society today, women are treated unfairly in the business world because they receive less compensation than men, are
• Integration includes Motivation, Job Satisfaction, job enrichment, Grievances Redressal, Collective Bargaining, Conflict Management, Participation of Employees, and Discipline. • Maintenance, includes Health and Safety, Social Security and Welfare Schemes, Human Resource Records, Human Resource Research, Human Resource Audit, The main aim of such a design is to ensure that the necessary data to be collected objectively, accurately and economically. The data required for proposed research work will be Primary as well as Secondary, Primary Data will be collected through the questionnaire, it will includes both thought-out and more operational issues, offering ample amount of analysis possibilities. Data for the study will collected through questionnaire in the Lucknow city at different locations. Questions are there to know the level Employees perception about various human resource activities about BSNL.