Occupational Safety Issues

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MARITIME SAFETY & HEALTH ISSUES IN PORT OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT
1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 SAFETY ISSUES IN PORT OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT
2.1 Safety in Place of Work
2.1.1 General places of work
In order to have a safe place to work, practicable steps can be taken in port operation and management. Every workplace is to be so laid out and operated as to make sure that so far as is reasonably feasible the safety of the employees and people in the surrounding. For example, walkways, roadways and storage areas. These places must be designed in a manner that provides for safe movement of foot and mechanized traffic throughout the workplace. Thus, any changes to selected areas must be advised to all users. Besides that, all surfaces used for the movement
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Besides, the lifting appliances and loose gear must be recognized by international or national standard and to be tested, thoroughly examined, marked and inspected in accordance with section 4.2. Occupational safety is affected not only by the design of lifting appliances but also by that of their accessories and other loose gear used with them. The proper design and maintenance of all of them are very important. This is because the breakage of any of them may cause thoughtful accidents. Deterioration may be visible, as when it starts from the surface, or concealed internally, the mechanical strength of the material is reduced.
2.3.1 Brakes
Every single power-operated lifting appliance must be provided with an efficient brakes capable of stopping a load while it is being lowered. The brakes should normally be applied automatically
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Ropes should be fastened to winch drums in the manner prescribed by their makers. Not only that, the derricking and hoisting drums of a ship’s derrick or derrick crane should be capable of accommodating the maximum working length of rope and the number of complete turns to remain on the winch specified by the manufacturer. The angle of a wire rope lead to a winch drum should be sufficiently small to ensure that the rope is not damaged in service. The angle between the rope and the plane perpendicular to the axis of the drum should generally not exceed 1 in 16 for hoisting ropes and 1 in 12 for derricking
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