Throughout human history, there is a large degree of inheritance of cultural elements that forms into certain traditions. Those traditions can be so powerful, successful, and influential, so that not only are they copied throughout the culture of the tradition 's origin, but also throughout other cultures. In the context of architecture, some elements of interior design, exterior design, and engineering solutions become acclaimed and accepted as standards to be imitated. All cultures recycle architectural elements, but all of them do it in their own way that reflects a time period, political context, as well as local resources and engineering knowledge. One such example can be found in ancient Japan during the rule of Emperor Tenmu.
Cultural identity in my opinion is defined as a group of people that a person is comfortable around or has a feeling of belonging. For me, my cultural identity all starts with the people closest to me, my family. They are the ones that have always been there for me and helped me become who I am today. Another factor that contributes to my cultural identity are my likes and dislikes. These two areas determine how I am going to live my life.
Social identity began with existence of human beings as various studies have shown. According to George Orwell (1945), “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others” clearly shows that even then, some animals behaved in a different way since they belonged to a different group (ingroup) and this affected their relationship with other groups (outgroup). Orwell in his book explained the different classes and groups that existed and how these affected the intergroup behavior. Tajfel and Turner’s (1986) social identity theory asserts that a section of an individuals’ behavior arises from the groups to which that individual is associated with. The interpersonal behavior is always influenced by the intergroup behavior.
My understanding of cultural diversity came very early in my life. I have lived in an open society with no distinct social classes. It is a multicultural society with inhabitants from different continents. I have come to appreciate those whom we do not share the same background. The discoveries I made enticed me to continue exploring more about cultural diversity.
Furthermore, I have acquired knowledge and gained emic, which importance besides etic constructs has been exposed to me (Helfrich 1999). As before the course, I would view cultures from a scientific point of view, I am determined to take the insights of native members of a culture into account in the future. I am specifically more interested in the way how people see and describe their own culture as to what the internet or books might describe. Group processes in Living Diversity Team For the Living Diversity Assignment, my team members and I chose to study Mexico as we all thought and still think this is an interesting country with its own unique culture. My team was very diverse as Joël and I are both fully Dutch, Elena is Chinese but lived in France
This is done with the help of material culture. Material culture is used by historians to describe, categorize, and compare characteristics of artifacts. They also determine how they were made, distributed, when and where they appeared, how they were used and they even relate objects to one another. This helps grasp the concept of culture. Objects show relationships and mediate progress through the social world and can show the rules, belief patterns, cultural constrains, moral standards, and quality of life of those who made or used these objects.
It is i project that is connecting cultures, religions and the people that make Europe, and uses heritage as a tool for better mutual understanding between people from all backgrounds as it bridges differences and contributes to the great social cohesion. Cultural heritage in this sense helps people to undersand better complexity and continuity of the history. Cultural heritage tells not only about the past, but as well its present and the future. The objects and the locations are not important only by themselves, they are important because of their meanings and usage that we attribute to them as well as the values of cultural heritage they
The scrutiny could possibly derive from a stigma that new buildings are more purposeful than old buildings. This stigma may be valid in economic terms, but it neglects cultural value of architecture. Hence, the struggle with economic value and cultural/historical value is discerned in the conservation efforts of modern architecture. One example of the struggle in values of modern architecture is the demolition of old national library where its lack of merits is still questioned by the public of today. Thus, in the next segment, the old national library’s case will discuss the struggle between economic value and cultural/historical value, the contestation between the stakeholders, pro-developments and pro-conservations (Fig.
Items of material culture are powerful in identity formation. Cultural identities are constructed and presented by those who promote tourism and seek to attract tourist revenue. Anthropologists have argued that touristic cultures can make identities impaired or even destroyed because tourism generates change in other cultures. Others have said that tourism has beneficial cultural effects as
The criteria for the categories included in this study have been based on texts from the Council of Europe and UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Material and immaterial heritage, tangible and non-tangible, sustainable, buildings and objects, continuities (canals, rivers, seaside, cultural routes, etc. ), even people as ‘treasures’ are now key words for this sector. The 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore (http://portal.unesco.org/en) definition of cultural heritage has been widened to include cultural properties that are “directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works”, or which “Exhibit an important interchange of human values over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape