World Order Analysis

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The current world order may be described through the perspectives of Huntington, Mearsheimer and Zakaria. These three ideologists argued how fighting for, maintaining and continuing to have power shape the world and put states in their rightful place. With the application of mainstream theories of international relations, the current world order will be illustrated throughout this paper. Samuel Huntington made a hypothesis on what the new world order may be after the Cold War. Since after the said conflict, civilizations were separated not just because of ideological differences but also because each was defined by culture. And since there are differences in the norms and beliefs of the states and nations, new conflicts took place. To better…show more content…
And because of this, Huntington believed that development and evolution took ages as technology and new ideas had difficulty in dispersion, until ocean navigation was used by western civilizations and started dominating and developing values, beliefs, religion and ideas. The West started to influence smaller civilizations and vice versa. There was “multidirectional interactions among all civilizations.” But Huntington counters the idea of Western hegemony as he argues that the likeness of one culture to another increases, as modernization does. Westernization dies down because of globalization. Though these were mentioned in the earlier chapters of Huntington’s piece, he had still predicted that clashes among civilizations would be inevitable, especially if it was with the West. According to Huntington, there were basically three reasons why the Western civilization was separated from the rest; the ability to maintain military superiority through the nonproliferation of emerging powers, promotion of political values, and restriction of non-Western immigrants and refugees into Western societies, that were believed by others as West’s effort to put into effect and uphold their status as the cultural…show more content…
The states as the principal actors in the international arena focus on their security while they pursue their national interests and struggle for their own place in the international field. This is the reason why states compete to be the best. A state’s behavior is the cause of inevitable conditions. And as what Morgenthou (1985) said, “International Politics is a struggle for power.” this is also possible since as mentioned earlier, international system is anarchic in nature, and to add to that, states are also capable of offensive military
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