I seek to explain the onset of World War I, World War II Europe, and World War II Pacific by using a systemic level of analysis, particularly dynamic differentials theory. Dynamic Differentials Theory states that war is likely when a dominant power is facing deep and inevitable decline. These dominant powers are more likely to wage war against another power because they suspect their own power is fleeting and want to prevent their decline by any means necessary. This theory also states that war is only likely in a multipolar system when the declining state has substantially more military power than the others, and will only declare war when the declining power believes its military strength has reached its peak. WORLD WAR I: Germany waged World War I in 1914 due to their increasing fear of the rise of Russia.
While the United States proclaimed itself as a neutral country in the beginning of the devastating first World War, many disagree with the statement that America wanted to remain neutral for various reasons. World War I began with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, then quickly escalated to division into two sides between European countries; including the Allied Powers, which consisted of Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the Central Powers that included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Since the United States made it obvious they favored the Allied Powers before they entered World War I, the other countries against these nations took this friendliness between the countries and America as a threat and interference of war. This resulted in the Central Powers noticing an unfair disadvantage for themselves. If the U.S. was truly neutral, they would not have interfered in war with the accomodations relating to their connections with Britain.
In the First World War, alliances, The Black hand Society, and Princip were the most instrumental in causing the war. The alliances the European countries had with each other was an outstanding reason of cause of the war. After Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia immediately sided with Serbia and Germany with Austria-Hungary. Further into the war more countries got involved because of the alliances, these countries include, Canada, Britain, France, and Belgium. These alliances turned a feud between two countries into a world war.
The type of peace, temporary or more permanent, depends on how long it will last as conflict is a part of human nature, leading to the conclusion peace can lead to war. A temporary peace can be compared to putting a band-aid over a bullet hole; it might hold and stop the blood on the surface but there’s much more damage in the inside. The Treaty of Versailles was a band-aid to the other world problems after WW1. First when the treaty was being written the US, Britain and France could not agree to which degree the terms against Germany should be. The US wanted “peace without victory”, France wanted to cripple Germany and gain security from the treaty and Britain wanted middle ground of wat the US and Germany wanted (Treaty of Versailles: How America, France & Britain Benefited.).
Several factors prompted this decline such as: several economic problems, the rise of other trade routes, the European hunger for expansion, and weakness in the Ottoman government Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire was both politically and militarily strong, yet, it was too traditional and could not keep up with worldwide changes and modernity through time. Europe and the West were rapidly moving forward innovatively while the Ottomans stayed in their place for too long. All these problems led to the empire being less centralized in Europe. Simply, the Great Powers of Europe took advantage of this situation and allied to completely end the rule of Ottomans. To further affect the empire, European powers chose an Ottoman strength and turned it into a weak point.
The main causes for World War I are bountiful and important to consider. One of the most important causes was that there was a mutual alliance set across Europe so if a country got attacked, countries would have to get involved in the situation as well which turns it into a bigger situation which forced many of the “powerhouses” to get involved. In this case, when the assassin from Serbia killed the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, other countries had to comply with their alliances, which brought Britain, France, Russia, and Germany just to name a few. More countries, even if not willing, had to get involved. For example, when Austria Hungary ordered to attack Serbia, Germany came into the war by vowing to protect Austria Hungary.
In 1914, the First World War commenced. The outbreak of war was a result of a number of factors, however, many historians argue that German policies were the main feature for the start of the war. Therefore, this essay will address the question: to what extent did German policies lead to WWI? Firstly, it is extremely unjust to state Germany as the only country to blame for the war and make it pay the harsh punishments the Treaty of Versailles forced them to. However, it is reasonable to say that Germany is obviously one of the nations who had the most impact on the War, if not the most.
There are five major causes to World War I, militarism, alliances, nationalism, imperialism, and the spark that ignited the war; the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. The European powers did not make any active effort for more internationalist/cooperative policy that would have been the antithesis for the growing causes of World War I. It would only be after World War II and to some extent the European Union that would encourage Europeans to work together instead of turning the continent into a wasteland every few decades. Firstly, I would argue nationalism is the starting point for World War I. During the Industrial revolution, nationalism became an important driving force in European countries to industrialize and make technological progress.
In July 28, 1914 to November 11,1918 World War 1 took place where over 17 million lives were lost and over 20 million wounded soldiers. This war was between Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States against Germany, and Austria-Hungary. The main cause of World War 1 was militarism where many European countries kept increasing their size of their army and navy without a war going on. In the article “What Was the Underlying Cause of World War 1?” it shows an example of how militarism was the main cause of World War 1. In the article it says, “But otto von Bismarck the Chancellor of Prussia who led the unification of Germany was sandwiched between Russia and France.” The article talks about how Germany was landlocked by Russia and France.
World War 1 was a conflict that stretched from 1914 to 1918, ending with the Armistice of Compiègne. The war was fought between the Central and Allied powers. The Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire, whereas the Allied powers included France, Britain, Russia, and eventually the U.S. There were many long term causes of- World War 1 such as imperialism, the policy of extending a nation’s authority over other countries by means of economics or military, and militarism, defined as the development of armed forces and a tool of diplomacy. But, the most crucial event leading to the war was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
The Czechs and Slovakians also sought freedom from Austrian and Hungarian control. Another cause was Military Alliances. In 1882, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy signed a treaty called the Triple Alliance. It was designed to protect its members against attack by France or Russia. The three members of the Alliance formed a powerful bloc in central Europe.
When World War 1 broke out in 1914, the United States attempted to remain neutral and was a strong advocate the neutral rights of nations. The U.S. liked to believe that the war was strictly a European conflict, but they would soon understand that they were inadvertently part of the war effort and entering war was inevitable. The U.S. was never truly neutral in the first place, but in fact supporting Europe the whole time. The reasons for breaking neutrality were more political and economic. It was the United States best interest to abandon its neutrality, and choose to go to war on the side of the allies for the future protection of American assets and welfare.