Leading Causes of World War I World War I was one of the bloodiest wars that this world has ever seen. An estimated eight and a half million people were killed (Adelblue “An End to the Great War”). World War I began in 1914 and lasted for four long years. Almost all of Europe was involved, and several alliances were formed, the Triple Alliance, being Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. While France, Russia, and Britain became early on allies.
World War I was often referred to as "The Great War". It began in 1914 and ended in 1918. America witnessed much devastation in this time period. In these four years alone nearly 9 million people died and millions more were maimed, crippled, grief stricken, or psychologically scarred (Coetzee, 11). World War I is considered by some, the first man-made catastrophe of the twentieth century.
In this essay, I will analyze to what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of World War 2. German nationalism was one of the major causes which led to the Second World War. Nationalism in Germany increased after 1871. It continued to grow and in early 1930’s was frequently used by Hitler to gain support. Many people in Germany resented the Treaty of Versailles, as it signified German weakness and had very hard criteria which made it a huge burden on Germany’s shoulders.
In 1914, Britain put a distant blockade on Germany, which allowed them to control exits from the North Sea and damaged both Germany’s economy and War effort (Roskill 4: 533). Germany attempted to break Britain’s blockade, which resulted in the Battle of Jutland, in 1916. The role that other nations’ navies played was also extremely influential on the outcome of World War I. The role of naval Warfare during World War I, especially the Allied blockade of Germany, proved to be crucial in defeating the Central Powers, which consisted of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The naval race between Great Britain and Germany from 1898 to 1914 caused great friction among the two nations and was one of the causes for World War I.
World War one, also known as the war to end all wars, lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Germany was one of the central powers in World War One. Their biggest enemy was the Allied forces. Throughout the war, many factors such as the failure of Schlieffen Plan and the unrestricted submarine warfare had brought Germany closer and closer to failure in World War one. On 11 November 1918, Germany finally surrendered .They then received a lot of consequences such as the treaty of Versailles.
But the Bolshevik Revolution itself took advantage of the right conditions in Russia, in order to insure success. This goes to show that rising to power, gaining full totalitarian power calls for the right conditions and according methods to be applied. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933, it had been in preparation for 16 years, and had required a series of changes to be made within Germany. The years of crisis for the Weimar Republic as well as the crash of Wall Street in 1929, help explain the conditions that allowed Hitler to rise to power. The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930.
By 1871, Otto Von Bismarck had accomplished total German Unification, which included the Southern German States. In my essay, I will analyse how Bismarck used combined politics in order to preserve his power over Germany, the role of the wars against France, Austria and Denmark and how it influenced German politics. I will also discuss how historians have describes his politics as Bonapartist and the previous actions already in place when he was appointed Minister President of Prussia. Throughout his political career, Bismarck used combines politics as a method of maintaining power in an ever politically shifting country. After the revolution of 1848, a new wave of nationalism and liberalism had risen and it could not be quashed down, and
Hitler had used propaganda and other tactics to make the German people eager for war. He used the treaty of Versailles as an example for the German people as their anger on the loss of World War one and their treatment under the treaty of Versailles to make them want to take revenge. Moreover, after a winter of waiting, Hitler resumed back to attack on April 9, 1940, nevertheless, as The Blitzkrieg tactic had succeeded on Poland, Hitler attacked Denmark and Norway and occupied them. One month later, Germany launched attacked on Netherlands, Belgium, and France. The main assault was through the Luxembourg and the Ardennes Forest.
Germany had been an empire until the First World War, the loss of which shook the German people to their very foundations. The psychological impact of going from an empire to a defeated nation was utterly traumatic. At the same time, Marxism was raging throughout Europe, toppling numerous governments and seen as a threat everywhere by the establishments. Hitler made people feel they were great again and played to their nationalistic and patriotic sentiments. It was easier for people to believe they were great and stab them in the back than to believe they had been failures and deserved what was happening to them.
The Treaty of Versailles had an immense significance over Germany in 1919-1939 as it would cause large political, economical, financial, geographical, and military changes for Germany and would result in the rise of the Nazis. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty to help “settle” international conflicts after World War 1 by deciding who was responsible for the war and how they should be punished. The treaty was written up by Great Britain, France, and The United States of America. Germany was ultimately decided as responsible for the war and was punished heavily as a result. This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency.
They were willing to drop everything and fight for Germany if their leader ordered them to. In addition to this, years before the war occurred, Hitler 's name and the Nazi swastika were inevitable throughout German towns (doc 7). This endowed the strong sense of nationalism within Germans. Their minds were trained to love Hitler and the Nazi Party due to their constant exposure to his name and symbol. Also years before World War II, a German newspaper accounted the Nazi Party Nuremberg Convention in 1936.
On October 24, 1929, also known as ‘Black Thursday’, one of the greatest economic and social crisis in the United States of America begun. On that day more than 12 and half million shares of stock were sold, which was triple the usual amount. Next, over the following 4 days, the stock market prices fell 23 percent. Afterwards, the Americans had to face suffering and obstacles for the next 10 years. In 1933, the unemployment had risen from 3 percent to 25 percent of nation’s workforce and those who were able to keep their jobs faced harsh reductions in wages.
This would be the ultimate sacrifice they preached strongly about as Hitler took control over Germany in 1934. First Bessel will paint a picture of the death toll in 1945. Stating that “the greatest cause of death in Germany in early 1945 was military action on the ground” (Bessel 51). He will also go on to say that the last year of the war also had terrible results for the German people as well. In stating that military action claimed the highest amount of lives during the last year of the war is a tad misleading.
In other words, it was a war that was utilized as a way to gain Germany under Prussian leadership and control. Prussia managed to expand it 's territory over
The second world war facilitated one of the largest changes in history ever known to the civilized human being, much more so that the implications of World War I. The rise of Germany after its first defeat was far more powerful than that of the first. A country in economic ruin was revived by the leadership of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party. The party was not only restricted to specialized people within Germany, but the creation of the SS allowed thousands of Germans to become part of the Nazi party. The SS was Hitler’s backbone from his leadership to carrying out beliefs that were made to exterminate jews, to fighting a war against the allied nations in Europe.