In the opinion of writer, in the process of bring the Philippines into modern age, Magellan, who was too exhilarate after sailing around the world, entangled in the conflict of the local. However, this statement should be thought over carefully. Firstly, whether Magellan wanted to bring local into modern age is questionable. At least, according to the Philippines, the answer is “no”. In the Mactan Island, the place where Magellan died, the Magellan shrine writes “Hero, on 27 April 1521, Lapulapu and his fellows repulsed the Spanish invaders, killing their leader Ferdinand Magellan.
At the beginning of Spanish- American war, Secretary Long ordered Commodore Dewey to sail to the Philippines and destroy Spanish fleet. On May 1, 1898 the American succeeded in their plan of destroying the Spanish fleet. On May 19, 1898, Aguinaldo with thirteen of his staff arrived in the Philippines and reassumed the command of Filipino rebel forces. Few days later he declared a temporary dictatorship and continued to fight the Spaniards with the help of the Americans. Alas, On June 12, 1898, in the mansion of Aguinaldo in Kawit, Cavite, the Philippine independence from the Spanish government was declared and the first Philippine Republic was established.
As the competition arose between the Dutch trade enterprises, but also from for example from the national British trade enterprise, the Dutch Republic tried in 1598 to merge the Dutch traders. Only in 1602 the Republic succeeded to create Verenigde Nederlandse Geoctroyeerde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) also known as the Dutch East India Company which created a nearly 200 year lasting trading monopoly in South-East Asia (Ricklefs,31). This essay will focus primarily on the VOC, and its political, economic and cultural impact in the Batavia and Cape of Good
After the Spanish-American war, which resulted in the defeat of Spain and the freedom of the colonies, the Philippine Islands were given to the United States. The Filipinos resisted as they did not want to be controlled, therefore war began between the Philippines and the United States. In December, 1898, the United States purchased the Philippines from Spain for approximately 20 million dollars in an attempt to make the Philippines an American colony. The United States sent 11,000 troops to occupy the Philippines. The war began after the controversial Battle of Manila, when the American forces occupied Manila and encountered Emilio Aguinaldo’s Army of Liberation.
Later on, Rumors had spread to the US that the Spanish were being cruel to the Cubans and the Philippines. The US decided to send Ships to protect the sugar resources. The USS Maine had come to Cuba to protect the US citizens that were living in Cuba when the Cubans and Philippines were fighting for freedom and independence. On Feb 5, 1898, a mysterious explosion sank the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, triggering a war between the United States and Spain.” That lead to The Spanish American War, which was fought in the Manila Bay, Philippines, Because the Spanish had already had a base camp there. The Philippines decided to join alliances with the US because the US had promised the Philippines them their independence if they had made an alliance.
Congress approved a proposal with the (Philippine Independence Act) of 1934 to grant independence within 10 years. This was delayed a couple of years by the end of World War II, but then was realized for the Philippines in 1946. Instead of allowing self-determination and independence following a century’s long establishment by Spain, the U.S. imposed their dominance to use the Philippines as an outpost colony in the Pacific. The Philippine War was the initial stepping stone for an enlarged American global presence in the Pacific. While the war quickly faded from memory in the U.S., in the Philippines it is remembered for its bloody years and the fomenting of subsequent decades of continuing imperial control by a foreign
There are some background information about the new security concept, promoting the NSC serves several Chinese foreign policy goals, including countering the U.S. “containment” and prepare the regional ground for expanded Chinese influence. Also Beijing had to improve China’s international image as a responsible, principled leader and change the view of China as a growing “threat” to its Asian neighbors. The NSC includes several details. The first is China reluctant to embrace the present security environment or collective security, which is based on the “Cold War mentality”. Small and medium powers feel left out in the Collective Security arrangement as they can only benefit from the system only the superpower especially the United States.
Aguinaldo had a deal with the Americans to help take back their freedom; his trust for the Americans was too strong that it blurred the actual intention the Americans wanted to accomplish—colonize the Philippines, but America had an agreement called the Benevolent Assimilation which means they cannot immediately attack whenever they want, there should be a valid reason; but this did not stop them from preparing for their future attack. Weapons and other arms were sent to Hong Kong for America to
The paper will introduce the incident of 1857 and discuss the reasons for the British to defeat the rebels and the impacts of the incident on both the British and the Indians. The origin of the Sepoy Mutiny deeply connected to the history of the East India Company. With the Royal Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth, the East India Company started its trading post in India on December 31, 1600 to compete with other European powers such as the Spanish, the Portuguese and the Dutch for foreign trade in East Indies. The company was formed based on the concept of corporation and gradually accumulated its power to force the competitors out of the trading business. After the company forced the competitors out of the trading business in less than twenty years, it had to raise a powerful army to vie for more wealth with its enemies and rely on taxes collected from its territories.