World War: The Causes And Effects Of The Cold War

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The aftermath of World War II was the beginning of an era characterized towards the decline of the old great powers and the rise of two superpowers: the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States of America (USA), making a bipolar world.
• Emergence of superpowers:
After World War II, only two countries USA and Soviet Union (USSR) were economically powerful. The war caused much destruction and injured the natural resources and economy of the Western European countries mainly Britain, France and Germany. These countries had formerly dominated the world’s trade market but because of the war they lost their previous position and as a result the unharmed countries, USA and USSR emerged as the two powerful nations in the world. The USA had suffered relatively less from the war and had enjoyed great success from supplying the other allies with war materials and food while USSR had been damaged more on the western side and completely unharmed on the east. The Americans had the world’s largest navy and air force and they controlled the atomic bomb. The war boosted American economy, allowing US to become a superpower in the post war global market. The USSR, severely weakened, still had the largest army in the world. Both countries were highly suspicious of each other’s intentions. The rivalry of these two superpowers in the cold war was the most important feature of international relations after 1945 and was a constant threat to world peace.
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The first use of these weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki demonstrated their terrible powers of destruction. The world was left under the threat of a nuclear war that might have ruined the entire planet. This acted as a disincentive making both sides in the cold war so frightened of the consequences that they were discouraged from fighting each

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