Furthermore, there can be several factors at play when a wrongful conviction occurs and each case is unique. Three of the more common and detrimental factors that will be explored in this essay are eyewitness error, the use of jailhouse informants and professional and institutional misconduct. Firstly, eyewitness testimony can be a major contributor to a conviction and is an important factor in wrongful conviction (Campbell & Denov, 2016, p. 227). Witness recall and, frankly, the human emory are not as reliable as previously thought. In fact there has been much research showing the problems with eyewitness testimony such as suggestive police interviewing, unconscious transference, and malleability of confidence (Campbell & Denov, 2016, p.227).
DNA can be used as evidence to charge and imprison people. There are many pros to forensic dna like solving crimes and finding criminals. But Forensic dna also has many cons too like how dna can be tampered with and can falsely incriminate innocent people. Dna being used to throw the track off of criminals and nowadays be used to forge another person’s fingerprint on to a weapon of a sort and left behind to falsely accuse an innocent person so now Dna is not reliable all the time. Dna that has been planted onto a crime scene will incriminate innocent people and this will result in the falsely accusing/charging of innocent people for a sentence and charge they did not do and should not have to serve time for.
Adnan Syed was wrongfully convicted due to unsettled answers and evidence in the hearings of Jay Wilds and contradicting cellphone records. Adnan has more evidence showing he is not guilty compared to him actually being guilty starting with Jay’s story of that day and the events leading up the altering future for Hae and everyone who knew her. Often through the
Racial profiling, using someone’s race to suspect they are ar committing an offensive crime. Modern society has come to where we will judge someone for individual protection . People have a habit of having a negative judgment for “foreigners” that come in . Many illegal immigrants have slipped in the U.S in the past few years. The perception one a group then leads to the deception of any individual in that group .
Thesis statement: Police should wear body cameras because playing body cameras could improve the public’s view of police by showing the human side, help to provide evidence when a person may not be able to, and it protects the officers and public both. Cameras Imagine there is a huge case going on where a police officer is coming under question on if dealt with a potential suspect in the correct way. Now think about the money being used to provide lawyers, a judge, a jury, etc., to handle the high profile case. Now there is two possible outcomes, there was police misconduct and abuse of power, or the police officer did everything correctly and by the book. Either way there needs to be something that can protect the public from police misconduct and also protect law enforcement from dealing with false accusations that can tarnish their reputation.
Thesis: Police interrogations can occasionally lead to false confessions due to misclassification, coercion, and contamination. I. The phrase “Innocent until proven guilty” is a popular statement among law enforcement and government employees, but this statement is not always upheld, as various errors, such as misclassification, are a major cause of false confessions. A. Misclassification errors are caused by “investigator bias,” where the investigator goes into the interrogation believing the suspect is guilty. (Keene) B.
What exactly goes on behind the closed doors of law enforcement interrogation rooms remains an object of mystery, especially to the public. The thing that remains an even larger mystery, perhaps, is not only what is said behind those doors, but how these interrogations can lead to innocent people giving a false confession. Through many factors and methods, some interrogations take a turn for the worst. Police interrogations can occasionally lead to false confessions due to misclassification, coercion, and contamination. The phrase “Innocent until proven guilty” is a popular statement among law enforcement and government employees, but this statement is not always upheld, as various errors, such as misclassification, are a major cause of false
Popular biases that exist are shaped by surroundings and socializations that one has been raised in, as discussed earlier. For example, a highly white area may view their counterparts as hostile, dangerous, criminal and concentrated in certain areas in which all crime occurs, and this may result in over policing (Sampson and Raudenbush 2004). This forces typical profiling and generalizations of crime on the basis of no real harm or threat. However, police are an institution that is present to protect “the people”, although “the people” has been subjectively shifted to support the popular belief or ideal while maintaining order (Sampson and Raudenbush 2004). According to a study on views of racism and unjust treatment, the majority of white individuals do not see racism as apart of law enforcement practices and that racism is not an issue within (Pew Research Center’s Social and Demographic Trends Project 2016) .
Disparities and Discrimination in US Criminal Justice System The US justice system is marred with instances of high degree discrimination and disparities and these stems from unprecedented poor management of the civil law in the country. Judging by the nature of historical injustices that have defined the criminal justice system, it goes without mentioning that, the confusion’s genesis is in the law itself and racial incarceration of the minority colored groups by the majority whites. Definition of the two terms is based on differences but the deviations are based on either legal terms or social, economic and political basis for the other. The degree of difference is highly unrecognizable but then it is clear that where disparity exists discrimination may or may not exist all the same. Thus, the current analytical paper aims to compare and contrast the two terms as applicable in the criminal justice system.
As time progresses, it is assumed the witness’s memory would become more clouded. If a witness becomes more confident in their recollection of the perpetrators features after a length of time, this could be a form of confirmation bias: a way to put the traumatic case behind them. It is easier psychologically to identify a suspect and obtain closure than it is to live knowing that your attacker could still be out there. To combat this, it is suggested that the victim be questioned immediately after the incident to prevent memory deterioration, and with open ended questions to allow for free recall so as to obtain as much information as possible; even a cognitive interview would be