Empress Wu Zetian ruled China as emperor. She was born in 625 BC, and became emperor in (690-705BC). Pharaoh Cleopatra ruled Egypt around (51-31BC.) She was born around 69 BC. During these time having women as rulers was frown upon, but these women did it.
Emperor Tang Gao Zu, also known as Li Yuan, was a successful leader. He was the first ruler from the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Emperor Tang was very effective with the choices he decided to make for the military and taxation systems that later on paved the way for the oncoming emperors. It will be argued that Tang Gao Zu was a successful leader because he was a the one who established the Tang Dynasty The next reason why Emperor Tang was a successful leader was because he re-established a powerful military. The most significant is that he re-established a stable taxation system.
Here are the aspects of historical figure being considered: WHO is it? Historical figure: Emperor Wudi. Emperor Wu Di was born in 156 BC as the tenth son of Emperor Jingdi (156–141 BC). His given name was “Liu Che”. Even through he was not the first child of Emperor Jingdi he was well groomed by his relatives and teachers to be the successor of his father as an emperor due to his enthusiastic nature in learning the wisdom such as Confucianism and Taoism and his intellect.
China however did not revert back to the state before unification and instead a rebel leader named Liu Bang managed to take hold of the empire. He however did not concentrate all the power on himself and instead gave away two-thirds of the empire to relatives and supporters and only kept one-third. His support increased due to his generosity. He then named his dynasty after his home region ‘Han’. The Han Empire then went on to govern China for four hundred years from 206 B.C.E.
The Iron Age led to improvements in military strength and force. With advancements like leather armor to iron armor as well as iron weapons, the Zhou had a very large and very strong military. As stated in the first paragraph, the Zhou also had a unique social hierarchy. They ruled with what was called a Confucian social hierarchy. Confucianism became popular during the Zhou and the rulers expected their citizens to follow the rules and values accordingly.
For over 2000 years, China had operated under strict Confucian doctrines. In Confucianism, women are seen as inferior to men and the sexism that was rife in China can be clearly seen in the traditional characters of Chinese, where the characters for “greedy” (貪婪) , “dislike” (嫌), “evil” (妖) and “slave” (奴隸) all include the character for “female” (女). In 2000 years, 20 imperial dynasties and 557 emperors, only three women have ruled; Empress Lu in the 2nd century BC, Empress Wu in the 7thcentury AD and Empress Dowager Cixi in the 19th century AD. Like Empress Dowager Cixi, Empress Wu experienced extreme vilification after her death. Alicia Little of The Times believed that “future ages will hold the Empress Dowager in even greater horror than Empress Wu”.
Confucian ideas highlight the need to have a heir, thus the Emperor need to be sexually active, which explains the very large number of women in the inner court. However, according to Confucian ideals, the Emperor was not supposed to retain any pleasure from this encounters. therefore leading to a paradox hard to overcome by the Emperor and even harder to enforce by the outer court officials depute their moral concerns. Song women were also granted for the first time considerable legal rights. In fact, Song Dynasty is seen as a high point for women property point in China, further challenging Confucian traditional patrilinality.
Wood block printing became even more advanced than it was in the Ming era and the Opera became well known in the world of Chinese fine arts. During the reign of the Qing which was about 270 years, they controlled over 13 million square kilometers of land. This dynasty also created the Kangxi dictionary in the Kangxi emperor era. The Ming dynasty experienced a great deal of tragedy which led to the fall of their reign. Key things that helped the Manchurian people take over Beijing was death and disaster from the Bubonic Plague, earthquakes, and climate changes.
The changes made by Qin Shi Huang are what made him successfully unify China. Qin Shi Huang made many changes to how he wanted to rule China, however, some of the most important and famed revisions were his different methods of managing his land. Distribution of lands during previous dynasties, like the Zhou dynasty(1046 BCE-256 BCE) (Britannica, Zhou dynasty, 2016, 2018), was too lax compared to the Qin; because they allowed pre-existing rulers to maintain their land. “Zhou kings sent members of their family to set up fortresses and rule new territories in the conquered lands. They also made local rulers into feudal lords who ruled for them.
The 14th century was an new and exciting time for China, during this time the Mongolian empire was being attacked and chased out of China by the Ming army. In about 1380, Zheng He’s father was killed, it’s unsure if he was just a bystander that got caught in the onslaught, or if he was helping the Mongol army. After this Zheng He was taken captive by the Ming army. He was castrated and sent to the servitude of the Prince of Yan who raised him to become a well respected individual. He became a wealthy and powerful individual and was given a new mission.