If Not Civilizations, What? Foreign Affairs, November/December 1993, V: 72, N: 5, p.4 religion – most important civilizational identifier according to Huntington, – but also that conflict is always more nuanced than macro-level labels such as “the West” and “Islam” imply.” (14). As another question, what will happen to the huge Muslim population in the West is problematic in this sharp distinction. So, the question of the impossibility of a monolithic civilization and clashes within civilization rises as further problem. Fifthly, while he was saying that countries with similar cultures will form alliances, Huntington has ignored the fact of international interests and economic benefits.
This will be done by focusing on the Just Cause and right authority principle of Jus ad bellum and by highlighting one of the criteria of jus in bello. First, the essay will argue that there was no just cause to start the war in Iraq and that the coalition did not have the right authority, thus explaining why the war was unjust. Afterwards, the focus will shift towards one the classic principles of jus in bello, the “Proportionality of means” , this aims to show that the war was not only unjust, but unjustly fought as well. First of all, a just cause is necessary if we want to speak of a just war. However, this was not the case with the Iraq war.
In India, there was also religious turmoil. Hindus and Muslims, both key religious groups, were at odds with each other. A ruler named Akbar attempted to fix the religious state of his country by establishing a new religion known as the Divine Faith – a mixture of Islam, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity. It also promoted tolerance among citizens. With this newfound tolerance came a state of cultural syncretism that resulted in, among other things, the production of art and architecture.
And lastly, the first Great Awakening during the early eighteenth century has greatly influenced America. “The majority of people who founded the United States of America either experienced, or were children of those who experienced, the religious awakening of the 1740's” (56). This goes to show that most, if not all, of the founding fathers were Christian, and held the belief of Religious Liberty, which therefore influenced America even up until
The implementation of the Truman Doctrine not only affected 1940s America, it changed the scope of our national foreign policy. As reported by professor Dennis Merrill at the University of Missouri, “The administration 's concern over communism domino effect, its media-sensitive presentation of the doctrine, and its mobilization of U.S. economic and military power to modernize unstable regions, marked the advent of a modern U.S.
Though the end of World War II made the United States a global superpower, it also prompted new challenges for the President to tackle. Diverging aims for the postwar world divided the previous World War II Allies, and sparked a Cold War which heightened tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The struggle to contain Communism abroad as well as the unresolved issue of crippling inequality at home called for a strong leader to make effective use of his authority and firmly resolve these issues. From 1945 to 1964, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson emphasized Cold War Liberalism, which supported equality and democracy while combatting Communism abroad. Similar to Social Welfare Liberalism
As the U.S. makes this transition, there are multiple obvious changes throughout the nation, such as a growth of our economy, a feeling of cultural superiority, and a strengthening of our naval forces. Why did America transform from isolationism to imperialism? For starters, the United States felt the need to spread its own culture and religion, Christianity. We viewed small countries as inferior and uncivilized because they did not have advanced technology like our own and the natives of the territories did not practice the Christian religion. This being said, America decided that we needed to take over these areas to improve them.
Both empires had a great impact on the rise of Islam from the development of Islamic governing practices to the creation of a religious doctrine. The growth of Islam was influenced by the bureaucratic tradition of the Sasanians, the legacy of the Byzantine, and by the concepts of the emperor that had developed in the courts of Ctesiphon and Constantinople (Cleveland & Bunton 6). One of the key points of the expansion of Islam is the imperial rivalry between the Sasanian and Byzantines that broke out into open warfare from 540 until 1629. This opened up the road for Islam to spread and provide a better alternative for the people of Arabian Peninsula and the surrounding people under the rule of these two empires. Under the
Taking Heaven by Storm discusses Methodism through the itinerant preachers, treatment of African-Americans and women, and the overall attitudes and way of life in the Methodist connection. Wigger concludes that the Methodist changed America forever by making people feel accepted despite their social class, gender, and race, but Methodism also had to adapt to the broader culture, economic characteristics, and religious aspects of the early United States. This book does an exemplary job of arguing and explaining Methodism between the years of 1770 to 1880. Wigger sometimes loses focus of the main argument by telling the minute details about the individuals in the movement, but his comprehensive outlook ultimately solidifies and strengthens his argument in the end. Taking Heaven by Storm is an unforgettable book that tells the story of people whose beliefs and actions helped change and shape an entire nation to become a place of true equality and
Along these lines, unemployment may decrease, as this has different favorable circumstances, for example, lower government using on profits and less social issues. However, this phenomenon includes a number of different expenses. Firstly, if economic growth is unsustainable and is higher than the long run pattern rate, inflations are liable to be seen. An increase in economic growth could prompt an equalization of issued installments. In case the expanded customer expenditure causes further development, there will be an increase in the import sector.