William Jaird Levitt -- Levittown Founder Introduction After the world war II, the United States faced a severe baby boom during 1946 to 1964 where there were about 79 million babies born in that time period. This was a direct result of the war where the soldiers would get married in order to get that $50 more which was provided to married servicemen. Also, the war made the couples make faster decision on having a child because the soldiers might not come back and the couple would want to have a baby together. The increase in the size of families in a huge level made people want a bigger house to live. But there weren’t any houses on sale because most of them were also increasing their families and needed the bigger house.
Major Healthcare reforms have been established in the past half a century despite the above-list challenging factors. The reform focused on coverage on millions of American citizens through Children Health Insurance Programs, Medicare and Medicaid. Between 1934 and 1939, there was the National Health Insurance New Deal. This period was characterized with growing income inequality with unemployment standing at 25% of the total population (Starr, 2013). There prevailed increased levels of unpaid medical bills with the poor being assisted by welfare agencies to sort out their medical bills.
Many times this pattern begins at an early age as a juvenile and progress up through adulthood, leading to the so call school to prison pipeline. A 2007 study by two civil rights organizations further demonstrated the government’s emphasis on incarceration over education. Researchers found “the U.S. spent almost $70 billion annually on incarceration, probation and parole.” This figure represented a 127% increase from 1987 to 2007, dramatically outpacing the funding for higher education during the same time period (Porter, 2015). In addition, Mothers who give birth to children in poor conditions have really set the child up to be disadvantaged from the very beginning. Poor conditions, lack of nourishment and the use of alcohol and or drugs are a common occurrence and it influences the outcome of the child, which impacts it later on it life.
One of the economic challenges was the Baby Boom. The Baby Boom went on for two decades and more than two million babies were born. Couples who had children wanted their own homes which mad the limber industry boom. This caused a lot of trees to be cut down and also made the population go up. Now the Baby Boom children have their own kids who have their kids.
The explosion of the Second World War gave way to the most defined era of the 20th century. In the wake of a war torn decade, the growing prospect of opportunity spurred the inception of the “Baby Boom”. Millions of individuals were introduced into our world at a rate never seen before in our nation’s history, and as does every generation, these millions of Baby Boomers are aging at an unprecedented rate also. The average lifespan of individuals has steadily increased since the postwar decades with the much advancement in healthcare. The majority of today 's population is expected to live into their eighties.
Once settled in, the Baby Boom came along and “the birth rate rose to more than 25 births per 1000 women”. (Berkin, 710) eventually leading to “over 4.3 million births in 1957 alone”. (Berkin, 731) Once birth rates increased the amount of nuclear families went up dramatically which would eventually lead to a population problem as there was a limit to how many people a city could hold. Because automobiles started becoming more common amongst everyone, many families chose to move out the city and into suburbs known as suburbia because affordable homes awaited and families were claiming they wanted more quiet lives away from the city. This gave American families an opportunity to practice traditional family roles.
Every step that was taken in the past leaves behind a footprint in the future. In 1946, after the World War 2 was over, the economy raised and soldiers returning from war began to start their families which resulted in increased birthrates. The term used to describe the period of increased birthrates from 1946 and 1965 is known as Baby Boom. The people born during the baby boom period are known as ‘Baby Boomers’. This generation is yet the largest generation in Canada.
Historica Canada claims that, "By 1945 the birthrate had risen to 24.3; by 1946 it had jumped to 27.2, and it remained between 27 and 28.5 per 1,000 inhabitants until 1959, after which it began to gradually decline"(Karol J. Krotki, Jaques Henripin). The Canadian Encyclopedia also explains, "Between 1940 and 1965 the annual number of births in Canada rose from 253 000 in 1940 to 479 000 in 1960, but dropped to 419 000 in 1965"(Baby Boom). The Canadian Encyclopedia further explians, " Over a period of 25 years, the baby boom produced about 1.5 million more births than would otherwise have occurred (about 8.6 million), an increase of more than 18%"Baby Boom). As a result, the birthrate rise has had an economic impact on the aging
Over the past ten years, UNHS has increased significantly in the United States of America (Krishnan, 2009). As of 2011, Houston, Bradham, Muñoz, and Guignard stated more than 97% of all newborns receive a hearing screening before leaving their place of birth. Updates of UNHS has shown age of identification has continued to decrease since implementation of UNHS programs (Houston et al., 2011). UNHS has been noted to be successful in hospitals and birthing centers; however, an estimated 50% of infants referred from UNHS do not receive a timely diagnosis and intervention services. Shown in the Houston et al., 2011 study infants with hearing loss may be receiving services without it being documented in the tracking system.
“In 2010, 40 million people age 65 and over accounted for 13 percent of the total population in the United States.” (An Aging Nation) These numbers are expected to double by 2050, with one in every five Americans older than 65. Experts agree that this “Graying of America” will have enormous effects on society. Consequently, society must find ways to adapt to its changes and challenges. The United States experienced an "explosion" of births after World War II. Sociologists refer to this resulting group of people as baby boomers.
Whether that being legal immigration, or not. “The total U.S. population will grow to almost 417 million — 108 million more than in 2010. In recent years, on average, 1.1 million green cards (for new legal permanent immigrants) have been issued annually” (Zeigler). The U.S. has welcomed immigrated people into the country, but more have entered illegally mainly because of the process required to enter the country is very difficult. The nation’s immigrant population (legal and illegal) hit a record 41.3 million in July 2013, an increase of 1.4 million since July 2010.