Ivy Mike, the first thermonuclear bomb, evaluated in 1952 on the Marshall islands was equivalent to 22,928,077,120 pounds of explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT) (1). The hydrogen bomb is said to be 1,000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb (1). ‘Ivy King was the largest atomic bomb exploded by the United States, dropped from a bomber plane at Runit Island in the Enewetak Atoll, on November 16, 1952, resulting in a 1,000,000,000 pound blast (2). However, when the hydrogen bombs, nicknamed the ‘Tsar Bomba’ was dropped by Russia at a bay in the Arctic Circle on October 30, 1961, it was declared the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated, at 110,231,131,092.5 pounds of explosive trinitrotoluene or TNT
They hired over 130,000 people in total to begin their ultimate plan, which of course was to create the world’s first atomic bomb. Wonderful scientists came from all over the globe, including a the famous physicist known as James Chadwick of the United Kingdom, who was known for winning the Nobel prize in 1932 for discovering the neutron. To the workers on the project, it was less of their own research for the USA’s better knowledge, but more of research and experiments being conducted as to race against Germany. And in all fairness, that is exactly what it was. The fight for the bomb, you could say.
Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard created the first nuclear pile in Chicago, 1942 (Roleff 54). Some of the greatest minds in physics collaborated together to create the bomb. The project was put under command of Leslie Groves, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Beyer 37). The amount of funding as well as political support provided to the Manhattan Project gave the researchers the ability to make technological breakthroughs at unfathomable frequencies. Only two years went by between the construction of the first nuclear reactor and the first detonation of the atomic bomb.
About the author: My name is LaQuefa Shluckerbule, and I am a reporter for the New York times, I am 34 years old, I am from the United States. Three days ago on August 6th the most powerful weapon in history, an atomic bomb with explosive power of 20,000 tons of tnt was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan. After the United States bomb was dropped, the President Truman of the United States warned Japan to surrender or be wiped out threatening to drop more of the atomic bombs if Japan did not drop out of the war. The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, the reason was the city of Hiroshima was bombed because it had an important japanese military base. The bomb had an explosive power of 20,000 tons of tnt.
In chapter four of the novel Wormwood Forest by Mary Mycio, Mycio explains the aftermath of the Chernobyl nuclear reaction, and how it had changed the ecosystem drastically. Chernobyl was a nuclear power plant in Pripyat, Ukraine that was operational during the time of the Cold War. This power plant had a sudden power surge in its reactor Unit 4, which resulted in a devastating incident. This caused large amounts of radioactive materials to be released into the air, and causing a level seven nuclear disaster, the highest level possible. After reading this chapter, it made me consider the bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima 70 years ago, and the level seven nuclear disaster in Fukushima, Japan.
Although the nuclear bomb was completed, it lacked a means to transport it. Thus, a program named Silverplate, was created in order to provide a means of transport. Under the Silverplate program, batches of improved B-29 bombers were produced specifically designed to carry and use atomic ordinance. The B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, which dropped the Little Boy nuclear bomb at Hiroshima was produced under the Silverplate program alongside fifteen other bombers between February and June 1945. The B-29 Bomber responsible for the Hiroshima bombing received its name on August 5, 1945 by Lt. Col Paul W. Tibbets.
The young astronomer earned a permanent place in the history of science when he discovered the planet Pluto on February 18, 1930. Pluto orbit lies 3 billion miles from the sun; it takes Pluto two and a half earthly centuries to complete a single orbit around the sun. Seen from Pluto, the sun appears merely as one bright star among many. Pluto 's moon, Charon, is nearly half the size of the planet itself and orbits Pluto once in every 6.4 Earth days. From Pluto, Charon appears eight times larger than our moon appears from the Earth.
Various more passed away within the following weeks and years from wounds and radiation exposure. The total number of deaths after one year was approximately 118,000 (Harris). The impact of the bomb was devastating in numbers. The atomic bomb was the first and biggest dropped on Japan. The force of the ‘Little Boy’ was extremely big and very powerful.
Joseph Rotblat, 1995 Nobel Peace Prize recipient, stated, “I have to bring to your notice a terrifying reality: with the development of nuclear weapons Man has acquired, for the first time in history, the technical means to destroy the whole of civilization in a single act” (“Joseph”). Nearly fifty years before Rotblat’s warning, the world witnessed devastation when the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on Japan during World War II. Over 200,000 people perished. Just five years after these tragic days in history, Ray Bradbury, one of the most inspiring artists of the twentieth century, conveys a view similar to Rotblat in his short story, “August 2026: There Will Come Soft Rains” (“Ray”).Throughout this story, Bradbury dramatizes the American Dream as an American Nightmare resulting from
General Bernard A. Schriever, dubbed “America’s Missile Man” by Time magazine in 1957, would pave the way for America’s dominance in space and further United States Air Power in the 1960’s with his achievement of building and sustaining an intercontinental ballistic missile force. General Schriever was born September 14th 1910 in Bremen, Germany. In 1917 Schriever, along with his mother and brother, escaped the First World War and emigrated to New York to join Schriever’s father who had worked as an engineering officer on an interned German ship line (93). According to the class text, “in 1923 Schriever became a naturalized United States citizen” (94). In 1931 Schriever began his military career eventually being promoted to Colonel, in the early 1940’s he was made Chief, Scientific Liaison Section, Deputy Chief of Staff, Materiel where he lead the Scientific Advisory Board originally formed by Hap Arnold in 1944.