Xenophobia In South Africa Case Study

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2.0 Introduction
Africa has become the theatre of widespread violent attacks, crime, xenophobia, genocide and terrorism (Valji, 2003). Xenophobia as our main focus is a deep-rooted hatred towards foreign nationals, processed through such tragic incidents of attacking and killing foreigners. This act of xenophobia has emerged in Africa since the end of colonialism. This study seeks to utilise the existing literature on xenophobia to explain and discuss its various causes and impacts with a view to providing deeper understanding of its insecurity regime. The study will highlight the causes and impact xenophobia has on nations, specifically on South Africa’s international relations abroad.
2.1 The nexus between conflict and peace: negotiating
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Xenophobia is defined as deep-rooted, hatred towards foreigners. Webster defines xenophobia as fear or hatred of the unfamiliar. It is the dislike of migrants by the nationals of the host country. Others define xenophobia as an adverse attitude, discrimination or segregation of foreigners by the public society within a host country. Xenophobia in South Africa has been increasing over time, which has led to intense tension and violence by South Africans towards immigrants (Tshitereke, 1999). Xenophobia manifests itself in relations and perceptions of an in-group towards an out-group. And through incitement to actions of obvious exclusion, hostility and violence against people because of their foreign status (Neocosmos, 2011).The basis for xenophobia in the recent past in South Africa included fear of losing identity, suspicion of its activities, aggression, and desire to eliminate its presence to secure a presumed purity. It amounts to a denial of rights and entitlement, expressed through prejudice and stereotypes (Neocosmos,…show more content…
South Africa has changed from apartheid governmental system to a democratic state, but different kinds of discrimination and or segregation ranging from racial, ethnic and nationalism are still prevailing. Nationalism is that which is based on political arrangements, but have in the latter led to a lot of confusion, and has been the center for xenophobia. There are a couple of explanations provided by different authors as to why the issues of xenophobia exist, and are predominantly increasing mainly in South Africa.Valji (2003)in his article “the rise of violent xenophobia in the new South Africa” state that xenophobia starts off as attacks against ‘illegal aliens’ soon it becomes attacks on ‘legally immigrants’ that are in the country with their families, and it goes on to being attacks on South Africans who ‘look foreign’ because they are deemed too dark to be south Africans (2003).according to Valji’ (2003) this is the evil story of beginning of fascism and ethnic cleansing which has been practiced in other parts of the world like

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