Xenophobia In The Tang Dynasty

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Introduction The Tang dynasty is regarded as the Gold Age of Chinese history, and it is also considered as a cosmopolitan empire, which was open to various cultures and intertwined with different religions and people. However, some scholars argue that the cosmopolitan Tang empire had gone after the rebellion of An Lushan (755-763). Instead, the Tang intellectuals had growing xenophobia and were cautious with foreigners and foreign culture. However, is it a myth or reality? This paper will try to reconstruct the historical background regarding the “xenophobia” and the frontier poems in Tang and the rhetorical use of Non-Chinese in Chinese texts during the mid-imperial China. Then, by analyzing and comparing the rhetorical use of Non-Chinese in the frontier poems before and after the rebellion of An Lushan to explore to what extent the Tang intellectuals had increasing xenophobia after the rebellion of An Lushan. I shall argue that there was probably no growing xenophobia in Tang China after the rebellion of An Lushan. Xenophobia and the Frontier Poem in Tang China…show more content…
During the period from 755 to 763, the rebellion of An Lushan shook the ruling of the Tang empire. An Lushan, a Jiedu shi 節度使, is a part-Turkish and part Sogdian. Sogdians spoke a language from middle Persian. In 755, An Lushan rebelled and his troops took the eastern capital, Luoyang, easily in a very short time. After a few months, under the pressure of the rebellion of An Lushan, the emperor, Xuanzong had to flee away with the companion of his troops and his beloved concubine. At the Mawei, his troops revolted, and denied to continue unless the emperor would agree to kill his concubine, Precious Consort Yang. At last, Xuanzong ordered his chief eunuch to kill
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