The Great Wall did not work 100% of the time, but it still helped protect China. No, the Great Wall did not always keep the Mongols out, nor did it ensure the safety of every person. But what we do know is that if it weren’t for the Great Wall, China would not nearly be as successful as it is today. "Heavy fighting against the Xiongnu during much of the 2nd century BCE" (Document E). As I stated above the Great Wall did not ensure the safety of every person.
This means that if this was the purpose of his trade voyages, then Zheng He succeeded in his mission. However, as mentioned previously, this took a lot of resources and in result, China turned to isolation in the year of 1433 (Beck). Commerce is linked to the building of the Chinese empire because Zheng He, a Chinese Muslim, went out to share gifts to show Chinese superiority. The Chinese also had the capability to build roads and wells for other countries. When other empires saw China’s wealth and power, more than 16 countries gave tribute to the Ming court (Beck).
Alexandra David-Neel is a person whose deep seeded determination and knowledge of Tibetan culture resulted in her arrival at Lhasa, a city in Tibet where at the time in 1924, foreigners were forbidden. Her methods to achieve her goal proved successful, but to the audience, things were left a bit unsettled by the end of the novel. The journey to Lhasa involved David-Neel and her adopted son, Yongden, as they traveled through treacherous terrain while risking their lives every step of the way. Several encounters into the novel, I began to wonder How is she doing this? Every page revealed a different layer of appreciation that David-Neel had for Tibetan mysticism and each step she took was a testament to her unshaken conviction.
Although Buddhism originated in the sixth century B.C.E, it quickly spread to China by the first century C.E. Buddhism was both accepted and adopted by many, but also opposed by just as many at the same time. Still some Chinese citizens chose to neither fully adopt or fully oppose the religion, but rather incorporated unique Chinese traditions into Buddhism and also created new traditions from it. Buddhism’s spread in China was met with many different responses. However, the mix of responses could be due to the fact that Buddhism’s arrival fell in the middle of a period of instability for China.
Both of these invasions to Japan failed. Although Kublai Khan was not known his military achievement like Genghis Khan, his reign was the time of the most remarkable military achievement which was the unification of China. Although Kublai Khan dealt with more of the social and economic issues than military, he did try. He gave the power over the military to the Privy Council. Kublai Khan wanted to unify all of the military that was under the power of the Privy Council, but this was disagreed upon by the Mongol Commanders.
The miracles in these stories were not just agents to recruit new followers to Buddhism, they also held a lot of emotional significance to the practitioners of the time. Wriggins demonstrates this during Xuanzang’s emotional reaction to the historic site of The Buddha’s Jewel Walk(111). Wriggins brings this ancient Buddhist pilgrim truly to life in her writings by adding a few speculations on Xuanzang’s emotional disposition at key moments of his pilgrimage(106-107). This was an interesting contrast to Hansen’s dry relay of facts and personally I found Wriggins writings much more
Most of them were spread out in most big, crowded cities but because of the crowding business was terrible. But when they tried to trade on the more secluded travel roads, they were faced with many raids and bandits. With these events happening, China’s ruler created a safe travel route that connect all of the Eurasian landmass and provided a way for the Chinese merchants to safely trade with those who are willing to. Another big impact this had on the Mongolians, was that China was one step closer to being a unified country. The Mongolians of the Asian Steppe had a positive impact on the world during their rule of the Asian continent by influencing exploration, trade and the first ever written
How many feel that history has come a long way...and has there been positive or not so positive turning points? Turning points are huge events that shifts the path of someone’s life and turn it in a different direction. The way people respond to turning points can transition history, and without them, our history wouldn 't be the same. Jackie Robinson from the autobiography I Never Had It Made by Robinson, Melba Beals from the memoir Warriors Don’t Cry written by Beals herself, and Feng Ru in the article “Father of Chinese Aviation” by Rebecca Maskel all encountered turning points. These people faced hardships and obstacles although never gave up, no matter how tough it was.
In China Mahayana Buddhism was greatly excepted by people who didn’t have a lot of stuff or people who wanted to reach nirvana but was greatly hated by others no only because it went against everything Confucianism believed in but also since it wasn 't a native religion. However, some people didn’t care if the two religions co-existed or blended together. Mahayana Buddhism in China was profoundly accepted by the lower class people who didn’t have much and liked the idea of giving up materialistic things to reach nirvana. In document 2 Zhi Dun supports Buddhism and talks about how Buddhism was the way to reach
William Shakespeare’s Henry V is an extraordinary , determined, and a skilled figure. Henry V has the ability to communicate with people in such a way that it gives them motivation and hope. He demonstrates this by speaking to his troops in a manner that makes them all feel valued, no matter their social class. Henry’s greatest known speech is the “band of brothers” speech. This speech captivated everyone’s attention, not only because Henry did a great job in getting his feelings across, but because Henry spoke to all his men with respect regardless of who they were, or where they came from.
Due to China’s Warring Period after the Han Dynasty, Buddhism gained popularity because no imperial authority was around to enforce laws. Once an empire rose to power, Buddhism was turned against. Initially the Chinese defended Buddhism and its policies, but after centuries, others increasingly analyzed how Buddhism had not presence in older documents. Buddhism began to be blamed for the political and social problems of Chinese society. An additional document, such as a graph, that demonstrates actual numbers of Buddhist converts of this time period would help determine if the given documents’ author’s statements about Buddhism were accurate.
While Chinese initially accepted Buddhism and defended its policies, over the centuries others increasingly scrutinized Buddhism’s absence from past texts and used it as a scapegoat for political and social problems. When there was no empire to enforce laws, Buddhism gained popularity, but after imperial authority reemerged, Buddhism faced mounting opposition. An additional document that shows the actual numbers of converts to Buddhism during this time, preferably in a graph, would be useful in determining whether or not the worries of the authors in documents against Buddhism were grounded. For a few centuries after arriving in China, Chinese defended and supported Buddhism. Zhi Dun praised Buddhism as providing a path to nirvana, though as an upper class scholar who probably did not personally feel threatened by invading nomads, his testimony does not necessarily reflect the danger lower classes likely felt.
Before Buddhism was even introduced to Japan, Shinto had risen out of many ancient Japanese beliefs and traditions that all ended up being sort of compiled into the Shinto religion. Because Shinto was so deeply rooted in Japanese tradition and culture, it was in a way inseparable from these things, making it highly important to the Japanese people. Shinto may not have any any prominent religious figures/founders, or any kind of specific teachings or religious books, but it was so entwined with many of the ceremonies and traditions that were so important to the Japanese people that Shinto was not a religion that could just be replaced. Which is exactly why when Buddhism came along that it was unable to completely overtake Shinto. By the time Buddhism made its way to Japan in the 6th century it had already had quite the history and developments from other countries such as China and India.
In paragraph 11 talks about the British bringing english law and language; there were more than 102 languages in India so communication wasn’t the easiest between people, they also built very fine universities that gave opportunities for people to learn. Indain literacy still went up by ten percent when the british left and it kept going up( doc. 5). But the british still prevented lots of death with the laws against thuggee, suttee and female infanticide right? No because overall around 58.73 million people died from famines caused by the exportation of the good indians grew themselves( doc.7).