The religious position argues that humans are made in the image of god. They are like divine beings because they contain something of the ability to love and know that characterizes their Creator. The abilities to love and to know- will and intellect-are the distinguishing characteristics of human beings in the Judeo-Christian view. The christian view contends that the purposes of life are loving god and serving god. These are open to all, whatever their level of intelligence.
God), for imperfect beings such as ourselves cannot possibly conceive by ourselves the idea of perfection; that there is an idea God proves that God does indeed exist for God is the sum of all perfection. From this, Descartes derived the existence of matter. To Descartes, “extension in length, breadth, and thickness constitutes the nature of corporeal substance”. According to Descartes, we perceive and experience the corporeal world around us, and the only reason we do not doubt the existence of matter is
It might be enough to write several books about. I was surprised by the problems I had to find easily accessible overviews of the influence of Descartes on the modern World. The reason, I came to assume, is that one can not just simply state the areas in which Rene Descartes was influential, since our whole Modern World is influenced by his thinking. Mathematics, Physics, Religion, Philosophy, actually the whole sector of Science and even the averages man's Worldview. And even if we have thinkers who are not as much Cartesian, like Nietzsche or Marx, we still have to assume that some of their basic starting points came out of a scientific Worldview created by the Method of Doubt of Descartes.
Man himself cannot create values because they are the essence. In order to achieve all these values man must use his capacities to the fullest and in this way he can achieve the highest form of spirituality and will also be able to explore his self. J.S Rose stated “Goodness, truth and beauty are seen to be absolute each existing in its own right and entirely desirable in itself”. Idealism lays a lot of emphasis on the importance on education. Idealists believed that each and every individual should be given equal opportunities and should be provided proper environment to recognize their potentials to develop their personalities
In the State of Nature, one is able to understand and abide by the Laws of Nature which, like Hobbes’, promote self-preservation, but also the preservation of mankind and just enforcement of the laws by every individual. Locke assumes an abundance of resources, meaning that there is plenty of land, for example, for all humans, so there is no need for the violence which is the motivator of Hobbes’ argument. He states that the land is given by God to all humans in common, but that one may appropriate a piece of land to oneself. Individuals are not in competition as they are in Hobbes’ model, however, there is always a potential for conflict when exercising the right to enforce the laws and set a just punishment for a crime. Locke states that if the punishment is unjust and exceeds the weight of the crime, the State of War is going to arise.
For that reason, I will look at his breakdown of the four levels of reality and discuss how he uses it to unify the three paradigms. Moreover, I show what paradigms are, how they came about and why they are used in science. This will give a better understanding as to why paradigms need to be unified, particularly in sociology. The three major paradigms of social reality. How they came about and why Kuhn developed the theory of a paradigmatic science because he did not agree with the premise of inductive reasoning and
Virtue is centered in and willfully pursued by human nature. Conversely, in Matthew 5:3-11 Jesus speaks of the blessed μακάριος (makarios), the happy or fortunate, in kingdom of heaven, indeed the reward will be in heaven, the abode of God. The conduct of the believer is meant to reflect the values of
All human beings believe in the existence of Supreme Being. We 'll have an obligation, the commands of Gods. Implementing every act commanded by the Gods is morally right; is the statement true? The theory asserts that obeying Supreme Being is moral, in my own view, I agree with the statement. My opinion is supported by the fact that the teachings and code of conduct to obeying Supreme Being leads to doing what is ethically right, for example, not stealing from others, not committing murder, helping others.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction According to Zohar and Marshall (2000) spiritual intelligence is the intelligence to deal with the question of meaning or value, namely behavioral intelligence to put our lives in a broader context, and to assess that the action or the way a person lives more meaningful than others. Sipiritual intelligence (SQ) is the highest intellect that must be owned by a person in the context of their daily life and to achieve satisfaction in life. Spiritual mean man 's relationship with his Lord. Spiritual intelligence is the measure of man 's relationship with his Lord. Thus, individuals who have spiritual intelligence will have a good relationship with God and fellow human beings (Siti Lutfiyah, 2008).
According to Al Farabi, the ultimate objective of philosophy is achieving both theoretical and practical virtues. The theoretical virtue is the concept of the Creator or God, the reason for being. The practical virtue is more of a morality issue, caused by humans trying to imitate God, by doing good or worthy deeds. Education, according to Al Farabi, was most important as it was concerned with the human soul and ensures that one is prepared from an early age to achieve his own level of perfection. The ultimate goal of education was to lead an individual to perfection which was to attain happiness, the highest perfection, the absolute bliss.