Today we are going to be talking about the Youth Criminal Justice Act aka (YCJA) and all of its pros and cons. In social we are deciding about the YCJA and if it is fair and equitable. Pros of the YCJA are that it brings a line to the criminal justice system and it helps youth not get a criminal record. Cons of the YCJA is that it's ineffective and doesn't really stop youth from committing the crime and it makes youth think that they have a free pass or a slap on the wrist. What I think about the YCJA, that it’s a waste of money on taxpayers, government and that it is ineffective because youth still commit the same crimes over and over again.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is a starting point; however, it is simply not enough to integrate the aboriginals into Canadian society. Apologizing for wrong doing and compensating individuals that have lived through the terror of residential schools is not enough to prevent the issue from recurring again. There are multiple steps that need to be taken in order to correct for Canada’s original sin. First, negotiations between the federal government and the aboriginal people need to take place. Next, Canadians need to educate their youth of the historical truth.
Harsher sentencing could send a message to people that the government does not tolerate hate crimes and the punishments for committing one are severe. Additionally, police could push perpetrators in the moment for their motives, as someone may not be inclined to initially admit to having a racial bias and committing a crime because of it. Police could do a better job to get the full picture on why a perpetrator committed a crime. This likely would require more training for police officers to recognize and understand racially motivated bias. Lastly, the Federal government specifically the Department of Justice could aid in the fight against hate crime by providing the funds and resources necessary.
This sentence can last for up to three years and entails development of the youth. It aims at reducing the occurrence of repeated offences and keeping the youth out of custody and in the outside world. Some of the requirements of a youth rehabilitation sentence are curfew requirements were the offender must not be seen outside the house before and after a specified time, drug test requirements carried out to ensure the offender is not reverting to drug habits (which may have gotten him/her arrested) and education requirements which ensures the offender attends school on a daily basis. Therefore, youth rehabilitation is a form of community sentence sentencing to a great extent as it is shaping someone to ensure the succeed and make something of themselves in society instead of becoming a repeat offender and eventually going to
Manufacturing Guilt Wrongful Convictions in Canada, follows the theme of the first edition where the authors demonstrate what leads to wrongful conviction. We all know that innocent mistakes happen however, wrongful convictions are usually the result of deliberate actions of those working in the criminal justice system and not unintended errors. By using Canadian cases as miscarriages of justice, the authors argues that understanding wrongful convictions and how to prevent them is incomplete outside the broader societal context in which they occur, particularly regarding racial and social inequality. This book also analyzes how forensic science is used as a resource for prosecutors rather than seeking the truth. What is miscarriage of justice?
The primary reason I chose my topic is due to my involvement with institutionalized youth. I am a correctional officer at a juvenile rehabilitation center. Upon completion of our facilities Gateway Program, the resident is ordered into the custody of their legal guardian, or into a transitional living program. The juvenile is released back into society where they are expected to become a productive memeber of society. For most juveniles transitioning back into society this can be easier done than said.
In “Juvenile Mediation Cuts Repeat Offenses”, associate Professor Donna Decker at the University of New Haven contends that if a juvenile faces the consequences of their actions, they are less likely to commit another crime. She stated that the juveniles did not realize that their actions could result in consequences thus making it much easier to commit crimes. In an effort to support this statement, Morris conducted a study on the juvenile offenders in Bridgeport. “She utilized the results from mediations conducted by the Dispute Settlement Center between 2005 and 2006” (Cuda, 2010). The program which started in the year 2005 allows juvenile offenders to get their case dropped, but they must face the consequences of their actions by engaging in conversation with the victim.
I believe that the existence of sex offender registries can offer a positive effect especially for families and parents who want to know if a certain community is safe for their children and it also helps police officers narrow down the location if an offender committed another criminal act. If anything, I believe that the registries need to be updated and not abolished completely. The activities of a sex offender should in fact be monitored and tracked. However, registered sex offenders who committed less serious acts should not be registered for a lifetime. One stupid mistake a person made years ago should not make them a sex offender for life.
The article I read was the last words of a prison inmate. He has written the letter to his mother., condoning her for his upbringing. How her actions help lead him to the life he had, and the actions he did. It was a great example of the right and wrong parents should teach their parents. As well as an outcry for education to strengthen, both the parent and the child alike.
So far the only programs that are in use to fix this situation is ones helping them pick better peers, getting them into sports and even helping them find jobs. “The severe behavioral problems of juvenile offenders are a result of complex and interactive individual and environmental factors, which elicit and maintain offending behavior. Therefore, the focus of effective treatment must be on addressing such criminogenic needs and the multiple "systems in which the young person comes from.” Recent research demonstrates that in order to achieve the best outcomes for youth offenders and the general public, community-based, empirically supported intervention practices must be adopted as an alternative to incarceration wherever possible.” By keeping them in something positive and productive they have less time to be in trouble. These programs need to be more well known because it will decrease the number of juveniles
Furthermore, this leaves room for states to implement their own practices and ways to address status offenders. It has also been argued that the Act “fractured the juvenile justice system so that officials in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare handled white, middle-income youth” (Hinton, 2015, p. 816). Programs which labeled white youths as “children in trouble” marked minority youths as “chronic offenders” who were deemed a danger to society, and tried as an adult. The exceptions and revisions that have been made to the Act make it possible for repeat status offenders to be detained in secure
In summarizing Senate Bill 200 (SB 200), SB 200 offers a more effective use of resources to hold offenders responsible, attain better results for Kentucky youths in the juvenile justice system and their families, and maintain public safety. The amendments to the bill are grounded on recommendations from a bi-partisan, inter-branch task force and extensive stakeholder input. The bill addresses three key points to ensure improved effectiveness and outcomes. Firstly, using the right resources on the right child to produce better outcomes. SB 200 uses the costly resources/treatments on more serious offenders by placing restrictions on the commitment of lower level offenders and the length of time they may be placed out-of-home.
IS THE YOUTH CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT TOO LENIENT ON YOUTHS? The Youth Criminal Justice Act is the federal legislation that replaced the young offenders act in 2003. The Department of Justice defines the act by stating: It is the law that governs the Canadian youth justice systems.It applies to youth who are at least 12 years old but under the age of 18, who are alleged to have committed criminal offences. The three main topics in which I believe to be most crucial that relates to the Youth Criminal Justice Act include, how much time a youth must serve based on the degree of the crime especially when the crime committed was well planned out, the severity of the ruling based on a re-offence,
Though the system will maintain rehab as a primary goal, it distinguishes itself from the criminal justice. With a number of exceptions, in most states delinquency is outlined because the commission of a criminal act by a baby World Health Organization was underneath the age of eighteen at the time; most states conjointly enable youth to stay underneath the oversight of the court till age twenty one. In part of jail, court judges draw from a spread of legal choices to satisfy each the protection wants of the general public and therefore the treatment wants of the youth. When the juvenile 's case gets to court, the case is adjudicated, and a disposition is handed down. Records from juvenile courts are sealed documents, in contrast to adult records that are accessible by anyone underneath the liberty of data Act.
Hey Priscilla, you bring up a good point about the separation between juveniles and adults when it comes to the justice system. I agree that parens patriae should not be dispose since the government has to protect minors that can not protect them self. I know most juveniles lack maturity, development, and cognitive thinking skill in comparison to an adult, but it may be in the community they live in. Most juveniles that live in high crime areas are born into the criminal lifestyle and with parens patriae they can live a better life away from all crimes. Like you mention, juvenile offenders should join community based residential facilities to improve their well being, if they are dealing with minor offenses.