Wilson had the league in place and believed that if there were any mistakes they could be corrected later. In June of 1919, the treaty of Versailles, the most important treaty of this peace meeting was ready. None of the Allies were satisfied with it. The representatives from Germany had no choice but to sign the treaty, but it would make Germany take full blame for the war. Germany would have to pay over $300 billion to the Allies for repairs and they were stripped of their overseas colonies.
After World War 1 had ended, the world leaders spoke seriously to prevent upcoming future wars but since Hitler had come to power, Hitler violated the treaty of Versailles and began to make his army. Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland and militarized it with the army. He created a lot of many new tactics and military strategies that stunned the European nations before World War II. One of the military tactics he used was Blitzkrieg which was also known as the "Lightning war" but before that Hitler had to test it on a nation. Hitler stunned Europe with the speed and efficiency of the German attack on Poland.
Harry S. Truman and His Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Harry S. Truman once said, “Carry the battle to them. Don’t let them bring it to you.” In World War II, that is exactly what he did. While Japan was breaking treaties and fighting with allied countries, the United States was developing a powerful weapon that would cripple Japan and end World War II. This weapon was called the atomic bomb. After it was fully developed and tested, Harry S. Truman made the decision to drop this deadly weapon on two cities in Japan, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
On October 3rd, 1990, the world viewed the unfolding of thousands of ecstatic, euphoric and exuberant Germans bringing down the most prominent icon of divide at the heart of Europe—the Berlin Wall. For two generations, the Wall was the powerful depiction of the Iron Curtain. In fact, East German border guards had orders to shoot people trying to defect. But just as the Wall had become a symbol of the division of Europe, its fall came to denote the end of the Cold War. “Tear down this wall!” was a challenge by President Ronald Reagan in his speech of 1987 to the Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
With Germany’s surrender occurring May 8th 1945 the war in Europe was officially over. Following V-E day, the leaders of Great Britain, the US, and the USSR would convene in Potsdam Germany to determine the future of the Germany. The meeting took place on July 17th 1945 with Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin present at the time. The completed Potsdam Agreement resulted in plans for the demilitarization of Germany, and how it would be administered by Great Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Along with the previously mentioned demilitarization, there would also be the removal of any German war production facilities, reversion of all German annexed territory back to their respective countries, and the relocation of any German citizens from any non-German territory.
A British writer wrote a memoir called Goodbye to All That which is about his experiences from the war. He reflects, “England declared war on Germany… I was outraged to read of the Germans’ cynical violation of Belgian neutrality” (The Excitement of the War Handout, pg 1). This shows how Germany's actions affected not only Belgian, but other allied countries. The Belgians and the British were now furious at the Germans because the Germans provoked them by the invasion. Germany is partially to blame for World War 1 because they put the Schlieffen Plan into action which caused tension between Germany and the Belgium-Britain alliance, leading to
Truman, who was interested in the suggestion, recommended that he discuss it with Byrnes. However, Byrnes ‘swiftly killed the idea’ because he was adamantly against any compromises with Japan as it could be considered a weakness. Later, McCloy wrote that Truman had ‘succumbed to the so-called hardliners’ of the State Department in a letter to the presidential advisor Clark Clifford. When Leo Szilard and other scientists brought up their concerns of the bomb, they were again redirected to Byrnes. Although Byrnes knew that a Japanese surrender was eminent, he was more anxious of the increasing Russian influence in Eastern Europe and was adamant that the atomic bomb would be necessary in managing Russian
In the aftermath of Joseph Stalin’s death in March of 1953, the Soviet Union had to consider how it would move forward as a nation without the leadership of such a strong individual who was not only trusted by the founder of the nation, Vladimir Lenin, but had led them to victory during World War 2. Stalin was an incredibly capable, but controlling, leader in the Soviet Union and while the masses revered him as a living God the Secret Speech made by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at the 20th Congress took aim at the “cult of personality” that Stalin created and demanded some type of social, political and economic reform. Author Elena Zubkova in her article “The Rivalry with Malenkov” argues that Soviet society wanted to reform directly after
Disarmament is the act of withdrawing military forces and weapons for the sake of peace and prohibiting war. The League of Nations wanted all of the 60 countries that attended the 1932 Disarmament Conference at Geneva to stop aggression. Germany wanted the terms that restricted their armed forces size to be completely abolished. The main reason for the League's failure of disarmament was that both Germany and France would not be in agreement. France would reduce the size of their armed forces only under the condition that Germany terminates and seizes all of their threats towards France.
From the time that World War II ended in 1945 through 1991, The United States of America (USA) and its once World War II allie, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union),were engaged in 46 years Cold War. The Cold War was not a fighting war, but a war of ideas (Capitalism versus Communism). In the Cold War the The United States of America was trying to contain communism while the Soviet Union was trying to spread communism. This all started with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who created a book called Das Kapital in 1867. The book talks about how capitalism would collapse and communism will take over.