National Party Congress is the highest body of Communist Party (Article 10 of Constitution), the members have meeting every 5 years. Political-Legal Committee (PLC) in the Party control the legal system in China, it is at the same levels as all courts in China. Presidents of every court sit on parallel PLC. In reality, China is ruled by Communist Party stated in Preamble to Constitution, different branches of the state are actually controlled by Communist Party instead of NPC, and the real power is at the Community Party. The Communist Party has its own committees i.e.
The legislative council of North Korea is officially known as the Supreme People 's Assembly (S.P.A) and is supreme power making body of the country. It has 687 members elected for a term of five years. The judiciary of North Korea is presided over by the Central Court, consisting of a Chief Justice and two People 's Assessors, in some case three judges might be appointed. Each and every court in North Korea should be based on the same composition as that of Central Court. The judicial system is to extend accountable to S.P.A Supreme People 's Assembly and the Presidium of the S.P.A in cases of emergency concerning matters of national interest.
The Cabinet has to resign en masse when the post of Prime Minister becomes vacant or when the first session of the Diet is convoked after a general election of members of the House of Representatives. If the House of Representatives passes a non-confidence resolution or rejects a confidence resolution the Cabinet shall resign en masse, unless the House of Representatives is dissolved within ten days. Prime Minister, who is designated from among the members of the Diet by a resolution of the Diet and appointed by the Emperor, must be a civilian. Prime Minister appoints the Ministers of States and may dismiss them as he chooses. The Prime Minister, representing the Cabinet, submits bills to the Diet, reports to the Diet on general national affairs and foreign relations, and exercises control and supervision over various administrative branches.
In this article, Javier Corrales looks at the topic of regimes; hybrid, autocratic, authoritarian, democratic etc. Corrales presents us with two major questions. “What are the mechanisms by which a competitive authoritarian regime turns more autocratic?” And “What were the causes of Venezuela’s rapid move toward greater authoritarianism, especially in the last five years of Chavismo?” This article mostly examines Venezuela at the turn of 1999, when Hugo Chavez took office. Corrales focuses on “use, abuse, and non-use of the rule of law.” (p. 70) Corrales presents readers with two arguments. One which looks at the domestic aspects and the other on foreign policy.
After receiving the monarch's nomination, a candidate for prime minister presents the political program of his or her proposed government to the parliament for a formal confidence vote. As in most other parliamentary systems, the term "government" refers to the prime minister and the Council of Ministers (cabinet) designated by the prime minister. The lower house of the Spanish parliament, the "Congreso de los Diputados" (Congress of Deputies), can subsequently pass a constructive vote of no confidence by an absolute majority, forcing the government to resign. The requirement of a constructive no-confidence vote is that the "Congreso" must simultaneously approve a new prime minister to take the place of the outgoing government. Conversely, the government may ask the monarch to dissolve both chambers of parliament and call early elections.
Greece is a parliamentary republic since1974, headed by a president and ruled by an elected government. As Greek citizens, the inhabitants of the Cyclades participate in democratic processes of the region and nation. Members of the government are elected for four years, while the president is in office for five years. This information is all according to the Greek embassy in the United States of America, and
ABSTRACT This study will discussed about five stages of growth and decline of Umran in Ibn Khaldun’s thought and its application to Abbasid period. According to Ibnu Khaldun an umran or civilization has five stages as follows: 1) Stage of success (tawr az-zafar) is the era of establishment where there will be a ruler who promote progress in the umran. 2) Stage of establishing complete control over the ummah and claiming complete power. (tawr al-istibdaad). This is the stage when the ruler will monopolise his power and domination in the civilisation.
the president of the republic is elected by direct voting for a term of five years, election normally take place in two rounds, which lead to political replanning between each ballot, as the leading right-wing and left-wing candidates draw together their forces. the prime minister is appointed by the president. and when the president is not of the same political party as the prime minister and parliamentary majority, its known as a coexistence. the president of the republic is the head of the state and the commander-in-chief of armed forces in France, and thats why major policy decisions on defence and foreign policy remain the reserve of the president. and the prime minster is the head of the government.
At the point when his case were specified again on 29 December 1986 the appointee open prosecutor tendered code obliging the case is expelled from high court.. the solicitation for exchange was agreed to and when the respondent was formally charged in the high court in Kuala Lumpur on 6 January 1987.the case is contended that the exchange of this case from sessions court was illegal and s 418A(1) , general society prosecutor might in any specific case triable by a criminal court subordinate to high court. On account of Huddart, Parker & Co Pty Ltd v Moorehead (1909) 8 CLR 330 at 357 for each Griffiths CJ, I am of feeling that the words 'legal force' as utilized as a part of sec 71 of the Constitution mean the force which each sovereign power must of need to choose contentions between its subject or in the middle of itself and its subjects, whether the rights identify with life, freedom or property. The activity of this force does not start until some tribunal which has energy to give a coupling and legitimate choice is called upon to make a move.
The argument of reconsidering the establishment of a federal system of government in the archipelago has set in its highest peak when the Duterte administration has finally stepped into office. The campaign of the Duterte administration especially to the legislators of the Philippine Congress has hastily commenced, with an emphasis from the president’s will to implement such system in five to six years before his term’s completion. As a Filipino born and compelled to be complacent with the unitary form of government, this vehement move from the president has flourished different queries from my mind, such as “How will it work?”, “What are its pros and cons?” and the most dangerous question would be, “Will it solved the nation’s problem of secession