From Napoleon’s defensive action at Walcheren, to the Union Army’s attempts to take control of the Mississippi River at Corinth and Vicksburg, to the Dreadful numbers of malaria casualties suffered by U.S. Marines on Goudal Canal during the World War II and more recently in Vietnam, numerous people on the world died because of a catastrophic disease, malaria. Although the disease has now been given medical research by a lot of scientist from a lot of country thus a number of anti-malaria drugs have been created, it is still a harmful disease and still need more research to completely wipe it out. The effect of malaria cannot be showed through simple numerical data, so here we just talk about it effect in a specific historical period, the Vietnam War.
Common symptoms include: gangrene, buboes, seizures, high fever, and chills. Most of the treatments that were used during the time of the plague were ineffective for example, bloodletting. These are some of the symptoms people had to go through due to the plague. At the end of the Great Plague of London, an estimated total of 100,000 or about 15% of London’s population died. Because of separating the infected from the healthy, London was finally able to halt the spread of the plague.
When it comes to that many people dying over a disease, something is needed to be done. Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people that have strep throat. In Frankenstein, a book written in the 1800s by an english writer named Mary Shelley, many of the Victor's closest people suffered from this illness. Scarlet fever was one of the main causes
Pd.2 Compare and Contrast Yellow Fever Doctors In Philadelphia in 1793, a disease that filled the whole town with terror broke out and struck the world, yellow fever. The disease spread rapidly and killed an estimated 2,000-5,000 people. Long ago, the best doctors in America lived in Philadelphia during this epidemic disease. They studied yellow fever as best as they could with their prior knowledge from previous diseases.
The Spanish brought smallpox, influenza, measles and a host of other bacteria with them. In the series Guns, Germs, and Steel, the origin of smallpox coming to the Americas is traced back to a slave traveling on a ship to Mexico twelve years before Pizarro reached Carhamarka. The slave was the first to bring small pox to the Americas and within weeks the disease would go on the infect thousands of Natives. This supposedly started the spread of small pox, a pestilence that spreads exponentially. The outbreak reached the Incan empire before Pizarro came.
Then, the skin is infected and boils and rashes will appear all over. Smallpox is spread through contact between people and saliva when talking, coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread rapidly when the boils on the skin burst, leading to the smallpox DNA going everywhere. The highly infectious disease ravaged and plagued across the globe, decimating a large number of the population. In the 18th century, it had an astonishing mortality rate of 90% in the United States.
Cholera was a feared disease that attacked a range of countries from every part of the world. It brought about a sense of horror due to its horrendous symptoms and relatively high mortality rate. This fear was no less apparent for the inhabitants of Philadelphia especially after reports were written about towns such as Montreal and Quebec. One particular report written by the “Commission” (Samuel Jackson, Chas. D. Meigs, and Richard Harlan) and appointed by the “Sanitary Board of the City Councils” had a purpose of providing information about the cholera epidemic in Canada for the inhabitants of Philadelphia.
People wanted to make sure others knew who they were in the event of death, so they wore tags around their arms and neck (Aberth 26). Returning Crusaders were a contributor to the spread (“Plague” 1). It only took six months for the black death to cross France (Cunningham 49). People of the Middle Ages had no idea that their neighbors sneeze could contaminate them (Cunningham 53). Black flags were flown over churches to warn that the plague was in the city (Cunningham 52).
The story goes on, how the white European settlers and religious missionaries were going to Africa to help with the AIDS epidemic. These white people were Pentecostal and spoke in strange tongues. The white people were on religious missions and often taking the Africans blood and spreading even more viral epidemics in Africa. The people of Malawi believed that these foreigners were actually harvesting their blood and were not able to survive in Africa without the blood of the people. In the article “When the Vampires Come for You: A True Story of Ordinary Horror” Adam Ashforth examines historical documents stating “Rumors of bloodsucking that periodically swept through east and south- central Africa, from the teens through the 1950s of the last century.
The natural ecology of malaria involves malaria parasites infecting in succession two types of hosts: humans and female Anopheles mosquitoes. (Cdc.gov, 2016) Humans are the only important reservoir that transmit human malaria. In humans, firstly the parasites will grow and multiply in the liver cells and then in the red cells of the blood. In the blood stream, the parasites grow inside the red cells and destroys them, releasing merozoites that continue the cycle by invading other red blood cells.
In 1347, rats on ships brought fleas infected with the bacillus that caused the Bubonic Plague, or Black Death. Within four years, between 1347 and 1351, the Death had spread across much of Europe. Between 25 and 50 percent of the population of Europe died of the disease. The Plague led to fanatical religious practices such as flagellation, when people whipped themselves to atone for the sins they believed had caused the disease.
This novel “Fever 1794” gave me the knowledge of the different perspectives of Philadelphia during the yellow fever outbreak. “Fever 1793” is a novel about a girl named Matilda and how she had to go through the deadly, depressing and horrible yellow fever outbreak, which affected her life in many different areas. Yellow fever was a disease that spread across Philadelphia in the late 1790s it was a deadly disease at that time because people didn't know the exact cause and the exact way to cure people who were diagnosed with it. For instance, Dr.Benjamin Rush who was a famous doctor at the time thought bleeding people by cutting a part on their arm so the bad infected blood would come out, many people thought that getting bled would cure them,
The epidemic of yellow fever crept over Philadelphia like a rat does through the sewer. The city of Philadelphia was suffering from yellow fever and it was up to the Philadelphia doctors and the French doctors to cure it. The victims of the yellow fever we're counting on both the French and the Philadelphia doctors to cure the fever. The epidemic had its major break out in Philadelphia summer 1973.
One of the biggest summer nuisance would be the mosquito, but more specifically the Ades aegypti mosquito. The Aedes aegypti is the vector for yellow fever and the cause of the numerous deaths. In her book The American Plague: The Untold Story of Yellow Fever, The Epidemic the Shaped Our History, Molly Caldwell Crosby presents the idea that the mosquito is not just the only reason an epidemic occurred in the 18th century. This story accounts for the disease that broke out across the world and nearly destroyed almost all of North America’s population, which some believe could have been avoided by simple quarantine analysis and sanitary methods.
The second part of the novel was intriguing to me because the book explained how the patients were diagnosed. Usually when the doctor came to the patient's home, after a few checks, they would diagnose the patient had yellow fever although they only had a minor summer grippe of a type of fever. This was mainly shown when a doctor came to diagnose Lucille and immediately said she had yellow fever. The main reason this was done was because the doctors thought that disease was spread through smell or by refugees who lived by the river instead of understanding that the disease was spread by mosquitoes. The main characters in this part of the novel were Mrs. Flagg, Dr. Deveze, Grandpa, and Matilda.