In Buddhism, Buddha preached most of the teachings. Like Hinduism, the main teaching of Buddhism is Dukkha, which is also referred as ‘sufferings’. Accordingly, Dharma and Dukkha are two important doctrines of both Hinduism and Buddhism respectively. In some cases there are similarities, and there are also some differences between them. As the original religious texts are difficult to understand, the interpretations are widely used among scholars to discus about a topic.
This concept of Moksha is very similar to the Buddhist notions of Nirvana or Satori. However, unlike Hindus, Buddhists are against the caste system and reject the concept of Atman, which is the belief that a soul or eternal self exists in every being. Two crucial beliefs in Buddhism are the Noble Eightfold Path and the Middle Way. If followed, the Noble Eightfold Path is thought to help one attain Nirvana, and is often divided into three categories: wisdom, morality, and concentration. The Middle Way is another right path for Buddhists to follow, and is described by the Buddha as moderation between the extremes of self-mortification and indulgence.
Hinduism by definition is the following of Vedas. The Vedas is a collection of ancient books from about 1200 BCE to 100 CE. Followers of hinduism are called arya, which means a noble person. An arya’s goal is to break the cycle of rebirth and enter salvation. While Buddhism’s definition is those who follow the teachings of Buddha.
It is said that he practiced praying, meditating and fasting until he was given the name Buddha, meaning the Enlightened one because of his understanding of the truths of life. Therefore, a new branch of Hinduism emerged and is now known as Buddhism. One of the two similarities between the two religions is Symbolism. Moreover, the two religions figured out the how to avoid death. On the other hand, a difference between Hinduism and Buddhism is the fundamental ideology.
The central problem in the Gita is the dharma, a sanskrit term that translates to the duty, law, justice, truth, order, righteousness, virtue, ethics, and even religion. The three yoga techniques that move one closer to Mocka are Karma yoga, Jnana yoga, and Bhakti yoga. In the Mahabharata Krishna lays out for the first time the differents paths to Moksha. Karma yoga is the discipline of action, Jnana yoga is the discipline of wisdom, and Bhakti is the discipline of
Buddhism has a sacred text called “Tripitaka” which translates to “The Three Baskets”. The Tripitaka was originally composed in Pali, which is the language primarily used by Monks. It refers to the oldest Buddhist cannon, the Pali Cannon (authorized body of texts). It is broken up into three sections; The Sutta Pitaka (earliest and most meaningful teachings of Buddha), The Vinaya Pitaka (Rules and regulations that monks must follow, which not only teaches them the way to be, but supports them in becoming closer to Nirvana) and the Abhidhammapitaka
Shinto is a tradition followed by the Japanese people. It originated from the ancient Chinese inscriptions. Shinto stands for the way of the Gods. In contrast, Buddhism is a tradition known as the path of salvation attained through an inevitable approach into the complete nature of reality and existence. Shinto embraces countless religious practices that were practiced in ancient Japan.
Hatha Yoga Pradipika is one among the three classic texts of hatha yoga,the other two texts being Gheranda Samhita and Shiva Samhita. This is a classic yogic text of fifteenth-century , which was written by Svami Svatmarama ,a disciple of great Yogic master Gorakhnath. The speciality of this text is, introduction of the practice of physical purification to make the body suitable for higher meditation or yoga.The text describes postures, breathing techniques,locks and meditation on sound for attaining higher state of realization. In Hatha Yoga Pradipika there is a list of thirty-five earlier Haṭha Yoga gurus, including Adi Natha,Matsyendranatha and Goraksanatha.The text contains chapters that covers detailed information about purification or satkarma, posture or asana, breath control or pranayama, spiritual centres in the body or chakras, coiled power or kundalini, force postures or bandha ,kriya ,power or sakti, subtle/gross physical channnels or nadi and gestures or mudras, among other topics.The more developed understanding of hathayoga has been possible by the modern research on the system.From the analysis of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and other works by Svatmarama , better access to the understanding of the origins of hatha yoga,understanding the concept and effects of yoga have been possible. In this article ,the concept of kundalini as depicted in Hatha Yoga Pradipika has been discussed.
In the Bodhisattva Path, the first step of the practice is the Ten Faiths. In this period, there is absolute faith in the Buddha Nature, the Buddhas, the Bodhisattvas, Kwan Yin Bodhisattva, or Earth Store Bodhisattva. There is no need for practicing deep meditative concentration or supreme wisdom; we only need to awaken the inherent absolute faith in all of us. As the line from the Avatamsaka Sutra indicates: “Faith is the source, the mother of all merit.” The second period in the practice of the Bodhisattva Path is the Ten Abodes. This period is when we develop the altruistic consciousness.
The traditional Jains, like Buddhists and Hindus, believe in the efficacy of mantras and that certain sounds and words are inherently auspicious, powerful and spiritual. The most famous of the mantras, broadly accepted in various sects of Jainism, is the "five homages" mantra which is believed to be eternal and existent since the first ford-makers time. The medieval era Jain worship practices, according to Ellen Gough, also developed tantric diagrams of the Rishi-mandala where the Tirthankaras are portrayed. The Tantric traditions within Jainism use mantra and rituals that are believed to accrue merit for rebirth realms. In Jainism, all life has a soul, from bacteria to plants, to animals, and to humans.