They will often experiment with different roles they learn about in various social settings. These could be things such as sports, church, school, and others. Children will experiment so they can feel unique and their need to fit in. Adolescents need to explore to solve the identity crisis and reach a stable sense of identity. This will help them create a stable identity for their future, which will help them build relationships and adapt to the adult world.
Empowerment Theory, It’s a process of increasing personal, interpersonal power so that children, young persons and families can take action to improve their wellbeing (Gutierrez 1999,p.229). Children and families cannot participate actively unless they are empowered. Empowerment emphasizes strength and capacities. Child perspective, this means a child friendly perspective that is informed by new approaches to the study and analysis of children and childhood (James and Prout 1990),( http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/3/4/893/pdf).Child must in all circumstances be seen as individuals with same rights and interests and should be given a open platform just as adults to express their views as stipulated in the convention the rights of the child
(2014). Early Childhood Education and Care as a Social Work Issue. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 31(5), 419. doi:10.1007/s10560-014-0332-x Moran, P., Jacobs, C., Bunn, A., & Bifulco, A. (2007). Multi-agency working: implications for an early-intervention social work team.
Conversely, in a speech community language in one aspect of defining a community. She further argues that the community of practice model is best suited as it enables understanding of the various degrees of community participation, and how this can be a foundation of community and identity. Weis and Fine (2000) argue “comprehending youth, and their identities, is not an easy task, for they and the contexts they move in are always under construction.” Therefore, utilising the approach of communities of practice for exploring linguistic practices as a tool in understanding how youth perform their identities suits the fluid nature of male youth
Psychology Today, Nov. 1999, p. 21. General OneFile, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=ITOF&sw=w&u=plan_main&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA56883541&it=r&asid=c5ea56194e54f394de0e8fa248bc9c8f. Accessed 19 Oct. 2017. Datler, Wilfried, et al. “Toddlers’ Transition to out-of-Home Day Care: Settling into a New Care Environment.” Infant Behavior & Development, Ablex, June 2012, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3425770/.
A Vision for Change (2006) has set out recommendations with regards to child and adolescent mental health. However, it can be argued that there is a lack of progress regarding the issues young people have highlighted as priorities. The youth organisations discussed, Mind Out, NYPs, BBBS, work from a personal development youth work model. (Kiely 2009, p. 22) They are concerned with enabling young people to manage their lives and integrate into existing society. Hurley & Treacy (1993) would argue that the focus should be on consciousness raising and collective action, in an effort to bring about societal change.
One concept of transactional analysis is based on three distinct ego states namely, Parent, Adult, Child. Berne (as cited in Hollins Martin, 2011) clarifies that transactional analysis aims to identify which ego states a person is transacting in, and by this, we can determine the pattern of transaction (p. 587). This theory provides an understanding of our personalities and the way we think, feel and behave (UK Association for Transactional Analysis, 2016). Each ego state has specific characteristics that define its concept. Firstly, the parent state is described as behaviour that is formed by external events and influences experienced throughout early childhood.