1.1. Research Approach “Built environment, is an important part of our living conditions, affecting our experiences, feelings, memories, and ultimately the decisions we make.” (Pallasmaa J., 1994) “Design is a tool we use to touch people, engage their senses and enhance their lives.”Michael Graves Human response to architecture is usually based on subjective emotions: I like that building, I hate this space; this room is so open, this office is oppressive. But something more nuanced is happening to elicit these responses. (Outcome of the 2014 conference of the Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture-ANFA by Berg N.) Neuroscientists have found that distinctive processes occur in our brains—consciously and subconsciously, cognitively and physiologically—from the moment we step into a space. These processes affect our emotions, our health, and even the development of memory.
Le Corbusier defined theories that relate to what he termed ‘ineffable space’ and its position was based on the experience and occupation of space as well as the changing aspects associated with this experience. The theory is a combination of the arts, which is the ‘4th dimensional’ equivalent of the sensation of illusion in cubistic art. With illusion, the basis for a new architecture was established and Le Corbusier transformed modern architecture by providing these new principles of space, aesthetic and form. Modernism shied away from embellishment and reduced the architecture to basic structure and function dictated form within this new architecture. In essence, buildings were viewed and promoted as ‘machines for living in’.
By analysing an architectural project, we discover the roles and stereotypes that appear in our society subliminally and how they play out in the buildings we inhabit. The history and events surrounding feminism and the women 's rights movement occurs in waves. Women’s awareness of their plight as second class citizens began with first-wave feminism (1). Second-wave feminism was characterised by the fight for women’s rights to their bodies. The movement was concerned with reproductive rights and legislation concerning abortion (2).
However, I have discussed the symbols that interested me, as a reader. With that in mind it is fair to conclude that symbols are very powerful factors in ‘Hedda Gabler’. They are present throughout the play and they issue a deeper significance to mundane, everyday objects; this supplies the reader with a more intimate view of the world in which the protagonist lives. Furthermore, these symbols are very powerful as they influence characters in both a conscious and unconscious manner. This is obvious through Carlyle’s words when he says: ‘It is through symbols that man consciously or unconsciously lives, works and has his being’
There are important aspects that are needed to be able to create Realistic Minimalistic art pieces such as shadows, intricate detailed work, fading and symbolism, which have all been incorporated into both my art works and the works of Ileana Hunter. This theme of Realistic Minimalism captures all the aspects of Ileana Hunter’s works as well as my own works. How Ileana Hunter’s Use of Minimalism, Realism and Shadows Have Been Embraced in My Art Pieces: Minimalism in art describes movements in various forms of art and design, most commonly in visual art and music, where the work exposes the essence, essentials or identity of a subject by eliminating certain non-essential forms, features and concepts. Realism in art is the idea of representing subject matter truthfully without any artificial elements, exotic or supernatural elements. Shadows in art and in general is a space where light from a light source
The history of Islamic architecture gives great features to the rich Islamic heritage through the Muqarnas, which formed the interior spaces with their intricate and brilliant architectural decoration. The muqarnas play a central and central role in architectural aesthetics, an element of architecture and decoration. The engineering and decorative analysis of Islamic art raises new interest in the new systems of parametric modeling, as well as opening new horizons in the formation and modeling of muqarnas. The muqarnas combine elements and harmonious blocks, mathematical design, perform a specific architectural function, and decorative role aesthetic beyond all limits. The research seeks to link the originality of the past and modernity of
A Phenomenological approach in architecture is using a physical design in order to form experiential architectural space. This design is created carefully, using space management, materiality, light and shadow to create an unforgettable encounter through making an influence on the human senses. This theory encourages the mixing of a physical observation as a key of a building form. This generates an experience that is beyond tangible, but fairly abstract, observed and superficial. This theory was carried out and mainly used by Alberto Perez-Gomez, Peter Zumthor and Steven Holl; they are best known for using this theory in all of their designs.
(Arnhajm, 1990) The dynamic features of an architectural form are one of its three main features. Note, however, that not every structure built for utilitarian purposes may carry the epithet of architectural piece. Every architectural composition has certain more or less dynamic features which are perceived as decrease or increase of tension. This dual dynamic is reflected in tendency towards motion-action and contrary, towards settling down. This dimension cannot be measured mathematically nor experimentally; it exists only on the level of conscious illusion.
[Pic2 – Padlock at the Bridge] I feel myself being captivated by the power of those architectural images that depict underlying meaning than those that portray mere Opticality . And from here begins my intellectual journey of finding answers to one question—can self-constructed images defy accepted notions and represent the real power of Architecture? I recall the numerous Odishan temples where my parents used to take me when I was a kid. The decreasing light, the increasing enclosure, and the intensifying solitude en-route to the dark sanctums would overpower me. And cut-off from the world outside, I would engage, undisturbed, in a personal one to one dialogue.
Abstract Architecture is one of the most prestigious fields of knowledge and the most important expression of human interaction with the society and the environment in which it lives. The research deals with the subjective and objective terms and the relationship between them. The two links are related to the humanities in order to provide the cognitive background of the term and its reflection on functional and aesthetic architectural thought. This literature review focused on the clarification of these two elements in architecture in general and Revivalism, Postmodernism, Critical regionalism, Neo historicism - Pseudo historicism, Symbolism and cultural identity format in particular, as they are interrelated and synchronized, affecting and