This is the overall process of establishing the services. School districts are required to abide by the established procedures to identify and evaluate students who are showing signs of having a disability. The individual educational plan (IEP) documents the services required to meet the needs of the student. Both laws (ESEA and IDEA) require students with disabilities to participate in statewide assessments with accommodations, where necessary. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal law that protects the rights of students with disabilities enrolled in public schools receiving federal funds.
With UDL being a guided principle in special education, students with severe disabilities are able to access the general education curriculum, engage with regular education peers, and are regarded as respected individuals in the their schools and community. As quoted by the President’s Commission on Excellence in Special Education “Leaving no child behind…means leaving no children with disability behind” (Coyne, Pisha, Dalton, Zeph, & Smith, 2012). The National center on Universal Design for Learning defines their framework as “The term UNIVERSAL DESIGN FOR LEARNING means a scientifically valid framework for guiding educational practice that:(A) provides flexibility in presentation, how students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in also student
In the context of this study, inclusive education is taken to refer to the participation of all primary school pupils in a general curriculum. The researcher is aware that inclusive education goes beyond special needs children but this study does not include such other categories of children as those with legal confinement, ethnic minorities and those with social stigmas. One of the arguments in favour of inclusive education is the realization that every individual is unique, hence the focus must be on the individual and not on the subjects. According to Deiner (1999), if all children are part of regular settings and all children participate in the general curriculum, then all educators need to know sufficient techniques to care for and educate all children. (Unachukwu, Ozoji & Ifelunni, 2008).
The inclusive practice enables all of the students (with or without disabilities) to indulge in same class and learn together in the same class and context. Inclusive practices may refer to the idea of amalgamation of individuals with disabilities with the individuals without disabilities and having no pity for them or any other feeling that make them feels their disability. This is quite an ethical, social and educational question whether it should be done and if yes then how and why it is to be carried out (Lindon,
According to the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Washington (2017), students, have the right to express their gender at school without discrimination of harassment, but in accordance of the school’s dress code. Whether they are transgender or not, students who wish to have greater privacy are given the access to alternative restrooms with better privacy that conforms to their gender identity. Schools have the authority and the discretion whether they accept the existence of the full spectrum of gender identity or not. However, the school must also consider the parents’ wishes and the needs of the students in terms of privacy and rights to freedom of gender expression (Gov.UK,
According to the Encyclopedia of Children’s Health, special education refers to a range of educational and social services provided by the public school system and other educational institutions to individuals with disabilities who are between three and twenty-one years of age. Special education is the practice of educating students with special needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Common special needs include: learning disabilities, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities and developmental disabilities. General education is the standard curriculum presented without special teaching methods. By contrast, inclusion is about the children’s right to participate in education.
Education is a tool for National Development and a means for the acquisition of skills, physical /social abilities and competencies necessary for producing an egalitarian society (National Policy on Education, 2004). Inclusive Education has been posited as the only means of ensuring that the goal of free and qualitative education for children with disabilities as stipulated in Article 24 of the UNCRPD is accomplished. This brief aims to sensitize the general public, policymakers and stakeholders in Delta State on the need for inclusive education in mainstream public and private schools. Introduction The goal of inclusive education is to ensure that all children (with or without disabilities) learn together in regular schools, colleges and universities
Chapter 4 Creating a Safe Learning Environment This is an extensive examination of all of the considerations and steps required to develop a structured and effective school and classroom environment. Such an environment provides the best chance for all members of a learning community to explore their lessons in a safe and secure state. Introduction This essay provides a sequence of steps that allow the teacher to create a classroom rule to address inappropriate behaviours that disturb the learning of all members of the class. The need for such structure stems from the underpinning philosophy that students will only learn prescribed abstract content when their physical and social needs are fundamentally satisfied. When behaviours designed
Every classroom that I have been in for my practicum has implemented a positive learning environment and I feel like I will have no problem with this when going into my own classroom. I also believe that the practicum experiences that I have had at more diverse schools has helped me to value and support student diversity and address individual needs more than before. It took a little while to get used to because I grew up in a school that had no diversity at all. I also think that I will have no problem creating a safe learning environment for students. When writing my educational philosophy I thought and thought about things that could help create a safe environment and how I will make every student feel physically safe, as well as, safe from embarrassment.
The achievement gap is the difference in education between schools due to financial and cultural backgrounds (“Educational Standards”). With common standards, all students will be taught the same material during the school year, so none of the low income schools will fall behind due to lack of resources or problems of the sort. Along with having balanced educations between schools, supporters of Common Core also contend that imposing these standards help experts define which approaches are the most proficient in teaching students, because there would be certain statistics to prove which methods work best (“Educational Standards”). Not only will students be getting an equal education to other schools, but also the best education possible. Opponents might say that the achievement gap will get wider when introduced to standards, because it has been getting increasingly bigger in the past (Koh, Tsin Yen).
When beginning the evaluations, the Local Education Agency (LEA) conducts the proper evaluations before providing special education services to a student who has a disability. The student is assessed in each area related to the disability that is suspected. The school uses a variety of tools and assessments to collect information to assist in determining if the student has a disability and the student’s educational needs. Once the data is collected and interpreted the IEP team makes the decision as to if the student requires services and what his or her placement should be. 3.
This type of setting has the right to govern students to provide for a peaceful non-threatening learning environment as outlined in the student handbook. Students all get handbooks outlining the appearal and behavior expected while participating in school. Clothing that is appropriate can include for holidays and special groups as long as no negative words or pictures prevail such as cuss words or vulgar body parts. This is allowed to ensure students can express themselves in a calm and unalarming way. These are those symbols representing freedom of speech in the First Amendment.