The literature review clearly has shown that there is a phenomenon called School to Prison, Schoolhouse to Jailhouse, or Public Education to Prison Pipeline. Therefore, Jeremy Thompson (2016) says, “Zero-tolerance policies in schools result in high suspension rates and expulsion rates among students in general, but disproportionately affect minority students, especially African-Americans because students who have been suspended or expelled are more likely than not to end up in the Criminal Justice
According to Ward (2014) zero-tolerance policies may have outlived its original intent and are now doing more harm than good. What started out to be a policy intended to provide a safe place for students evolved into an umbrella punishment for any type of misbehavior including those that are not criminal. As a result, minority students have been affected most by these policies, and they often contribute to propelling these students into the juvenile justice system, often for status offenses. Ward (2014) cites the Department of Education as reporting Black students are three times more likely to expelled or suspended nationally. The shooting of Trevon Martin was indirectly related to an extended suspension from school.
Speaking to Holly O’Mahony of the Guardian, Dewar-Langridge scoffs at people who say that young prisoners do not deserve an education because they’ve already committed crimes. For Dewar-Langridge, education is the best choice for rehabilitating young male offenders, prevent more crimes from being committed, and allow them to become important members of the community. She said that most of the young offenders have had negative experiences at school. This means that it’s going to be a tough challenge engaging them in an educational background they did not choose for themselves. She discloses that the boys in her class are quite vulnerable because they have learning disabilities.
Negroes do not like it in any book or play whatsoever, be the book or play ever so sympathetic in its treatment of the basic problems of the race.” If true, how is Huckleberry Finn an exception? There are many accounts and complaints of white students acquiring foul racist behavior within Huckleberry Finn. One is the case of students racially abusing an African American child’s father after they have learned the novel. “...his father says, was verbally and physically abused by his white classmates after they have all read Huckleberry Finn in class.” - Nat Hentoff, Village Voice. To make the situation worse, these cases happen more than often.
Reading Reflection Paper #1 The intersection of race, family, war torn experience and cultural diversity have played a crucial role in shaping many Hmong Americans and their acculturation to American society. With the racial tension that has long grouped Hmong students as part of the American model minority stereotypes, this has hampered Hmong students’ success in K-12 schools, and it is long overdue for academic discourse in order to propel Hmong students’ educational success into new heights. It is no longer acceptable for school district to accept the model minority stereotypes and ignore the fact that Hmong students has long struggled and underserved in public schools. Her and Louise Buley-Meissner (2012) articulated the complexity
Furthermore, tens of thousands of detained undocumented immigrants face deportation, await sentencing and though the policies of Trump become a greater target for American racial discrimination. What is not discussed, however in any of these poems is the direct impact of the school-to-prison pipeline, which continuously impacts social and economic disparities in communities often heavily populated by black and brown people. Perhaps these statistics are reassuring to some, but the hyper-incarceration plaguing America has had a damaging effect on society at large. (Khalek
Today, there is a worrying trend of increased violence in schools that involves the use of guns. The natures of these crimes have resulted in loss of many innocent lives. While people are still trying to come to terms with the heinous nature of these crimes and devastating consequences of their aftermath, there is a widespread debate that rages on, on what could be the solution to this crisis (Anderson 504). Numerous ideas have been suggest including arming teachers and other civilians in schools to enhance protection and reducing the number of firearms that are in the hands of the public (Baltimore Sun 505; Anderson 504). Among the various potential solutions that have been debated, limiting the number of firearms available to public is probably the best solution for addressing the current wave of crime in learning institutions.
In the 1960s the amount of injustices African Americans encountered were higher than ever. Africans Americans were merely fed up with the dehumanizing treatment , so they began to protest. This was called the Civil Rights Movement. African Americans were lynched , sicked by K-9s, hosed down , and even beaten in the streets by the police force for their equality. In fact as stated in Henry Louis Gates Jr’s Civil Rights Protest he elaborates on the police brutality African Americans experienced.
Sexual assault has students on campuses living with shame, embarrassment, and pain, which affect the victims and those around them. This horrendous crime has destroyed many lives and continues to do so, especially when the crimes go unheard. Education is an important part of our society in the world we live in today and is vital for progression. When someone is given a proper education, they receive many additional opportunities that one wouldn’t have other wise and when an individual goes to school they should be able to learn without being harmed in any way. Unfortunately the safety of being on campus is under question as an alarming number of people on campus have reported being sexually assaulted on campus.
Although the story involves overcoming the past, and the ability to work through crisis. A more relevant theme suggested is that assumptions about others based on traits that should be irrelevant can have a immense serious consequences. Thomas depicts this theme through the media and williamsons students perception of Starr 's hometown Garden Heights and Khali. Racial profiling is defined by the American Civil Liberties Union as, ‘the discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on an individual 's race, religion, or ethnicity,’. The central conflict of The Hate U Give, is a result of unfairs racial assumptions from a white man to a black teen that
Finding the perfect balance between the streets and education seems to be a difficult task. Moreover, the balance can account for why a high percentage of students in urban areas are not graduating high school or attending college. In addition, a second theme I found interesting in “Between the World and Me” were the fear that Coates talks about black people having. In Coates opinion, the fear is to blame for the majority of our actions. From beating children as a form of discipline to selling drugs on the street the fear is at the root.
Moreover, he argues that the punishments meted out by the criminal justice system usually fail to support rehabilitation and social reintegration. Once the young men of color enter the criminal justice system, they have “negative credentials” that lead to further stigmatization and criminalization in schools, in the community, and other institutions which severely restrict their educational and employment opportunities. Moreover, he criticizes the excessive punishment of petty acts of defiance such as violating a school rule. Rios mentions that “access resources that allowed them to move from negative credential status to positive credential status”
Although, discriminatory discipline overtly plays a significant role in pushing youth particularly students of color out of the classrooms and into the pipeline, this shines a light on the fact that our public school system is failing our children regardless of race. While a faulty public school system can not foster students educational development nor prepare students to be responsible citizens who lead economically and socially productive lives. Therefore, stopping the bleeding of school-to-prison pipeline is merely a prelude to a much larger social justice challenge—the right to quality education that constructs the well-being for all.
“It was no accident that so many high school students protested the new law. They will be directly affected. Young people are often the chief targets of racial profiling. And this law will almost surely split up families. In many cases, young people who are U.S. citizens have one or both parents who are undocumented workers.
This decision being made was largely due to the young black student’s fierce protest against the injustice. In early 1951, many black virginian students protested against the injustice of the “separate but equal” mentality of the law. They revolted against the poor conditions common amongst black schools and the segregated educational system in general. Though the NAACP attempted to convince the protesters to conceal their protests, the relentlessness of the students showed through and the NAACP eventually joined the fight by challenging the system in a series of five cases. The Supreme Court ruled in their favor stating, "segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children.