Zika is a virus that a person can catch if bitten by an infected mosquito. First seen in Africa about 70 years ago, the virus recently has spread throughout the world, particularly in tropical areas where certain types of mosquitoes live. The main problem with Zika is its effect on unborn babies. In pregnant women, the virus can cause miscarriage, stillborn babies, or babies with birth defects. One serious birth defect caused by Zika is microcephaly.
What is it Lupus is a chronic systemic rheumatic disease, that is, can affect any organ and / or system : joints and muscles, can damage the skin, kidney, lung and almost all organs. One of the characteristics of this disease is a disease that is very heterogeneous. It is difficult to find two patients with the same symptoms and the same patterns of disease. That complicates often it is diagnosed. The evolution of the disease develops in stages and other outbreak in which the effects of the disease forwarded.
Sadly, there is no cure for this disease. 1. However, there are treatments that can help with some of the symptoms such as, pain reliever, antibiotics, blood transfusions, and C. As I mentioned earlier it is estimated that 3 million people in the United States have sickle cell trait. Sickle cell trait is different from having actual sickle cell. D. For example, if someone has sickle cell trait and his partner has sickle cell trait they may produce a child with sickle cell disease.
. It lasts a duration of couple weeks to a month and during this time makes the person significantly ill. The virus can only spread to humans and has no cure/treatment . However, treatment to improve comfort/condition is available. Prevention can be done through vaccination of avoiding of any contact with an infected individual.
About 10.4 million people got sick with the disease in the same year, in which 90 percent were adults, 65 percent were men, and 10 percent were people living with HIV. The most common symptoms of tuberculosis is a persistent fever with night sweats. It is usually followed by unintentional weight loss and fatigue or weakness. If the disease progresses, cavities in the lungs will form that cause the person to cough saliva, mucus, phlegm or blood. In older infants and children, the latent tuberculosis infection usually does not exhibit any symptoms.
Primary infection occurs in epithelial cells leading to a skin rash and fever as a phenotype. When virions spread to adjacent sensory neurons, a lifelong infection is established (Owen, Crump, & Graham, 2015). Both primary and secondary diseases have a significant morbidity and mortality but thanks to advances in diagnostic and the production of vaccines, it is possible to decrease their burden (Gershon, 2013). 1.1 Varicella: Varicella (chickenpox), the primary infection of VZV, is characterized by cutaneous eruption typically seen in children. In adults, this primary infection is more severe and in immunocompromised patients, it can be followed by complications such as, high fever, pneumonia, encephalitis and hepatitis (Gershon et al., 2013).
We have been reminded of this in 2014 in Minnesota. Anti-vaccination activists had been “targeting” new Somali immigrants. The immigrants who were misinformed and told that vaccines were causing high rates of autism in the community. Because they were not vaccinated many cases of measles started to develop. It soon grew into an outbreak all over the state.
Chronic pain is one of the common reasons for medical consultation. It is of complex natural history, unclear etiology and poor response to treatment. It causes significant morbidity, suffering, disability and over utilization of health care systems. CPS is a poorly defined condition. Most authors consider ongoing pain lasting longer than 6 months as diagnostic, and others have used 3 months as the minimum criterion.
Symptoms include rapid heart rate, feeling weak, pale or dizzy, itchy or numbness in the hands and fingers, shaking or trembling, sense of terror or approaching doom or death, feeling perspiring or having chills, ringing in your ears, a need to go to the toilet, headache, tightness in the throat, respiratory disorder that is hyperventilation, urge to vomit, hot flashes, trouble swallowing food or water, cramps in the abdomen, chest pains, breathing difficulties and feeling a loss of control. Symptoms last for ten minutes mostly and you will feel tired after a panic attack. Symptoms can occur for other illness as well so see a doctor as soon as possible. Sometimes, the symptoms of a panic attack can be so strong they can make you feel like you are having a heart attack. However, it is significant to be aware that symptoms such as a racing heartbeat or shortness of breath will not cause you to have a heart attack.
Acute complications occur as a direct consequence from the trauma sustained and include damage to vascular structures, nerves, or soft tissue. Compartment syndrome is an acute complication whereby increasing amount of pressure within the muscle group disrupts the circulation and the function of the tissue (Howe, Eiff, & Grayzel, 2015). Comparatively, delayed complications may occur after treatment has been initiated or in response to treatment. Specific fracture may predispose to severe bleeding and potentially fatal. For example, fracture at neck of femur will injure the femoral artery and causes the patient to have massive bleeding (Tornetta, Kain, Creevy, 2007).
Most HPV types cause benign warts, but just 15-20 kinds can cause cancer. Two members of the HPV family (16 and18) cause some 70% of cervical cancers (Carlyle,2014). There will always be someone who is allergic to something or does not respond properly to vaccines. There is always something going on that we don 't know about. We know medicine is not one size fits all, and there will be risks for some people.
Even then, the metastasis rate is quite low, with the exception of SCC of the lip, ear, and in people who are immunosuppressed. Melanomas are the least frequent of the 3 common skin cancers. They frequently metastasize, and could potentially cause death once they spread. Less common skin cancers include: dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, Merkel cell carcinoma, Kaposi 's sarcoma, keratoacanthoma, spindle cell tumors, sebaceous carcinomas, microcystic adnexal carcinoma, Paget 's disease of the breast, atypical fibroxanthoma, leiomyosarcoma, and
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the body attacks its self. Lupus can affect different parts of the body including the skin, blood, kidneys, and joints. There are four different types of Lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous Lupus, Drug-Induced Lupus, and Neonatal Lupus. However, the most common and deadly lupus is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a long term disease that causes inflammation of various tissues in the body.
The symptoms of myeloma are mostly pain but the ribs and spine are the most effected areas in the body causing chest wall or back pain. If the myeloma is advanced can cause bone degeneration which can press on the nerves causing little feeling, burning sensation and paralysis. It can cause high levels of calcium destroying the bones at a fast rate. The other complications cryoglobulinemia this rare condition produce a protein that precipitates, when it is exposed to cold temperatures. Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in.