In the article Zika can damage the brains of even adults, by Megan Rosen she sheds her knowledge of how the disease can potentially cause more harm. The Zika epidemic has been rampaging America by mosquito vectors and is very dangerous to women. It is known to cause birth defects in the wombs of pregnant women that cause birth defects and intellectual impairments. Through new discovery though research, scientist believe the Zika virus can also kill stem cells. They also think that by killing stem cells it could also limit their number in adult brains. This notion came to the surface by using mice as test subjects that revealed the lost of stem cells once getting the virus. In adult’s who have Zika signs include: headache, fever, rash and mild flu-like symptoms. The main reason for all the worry that is expounded is if the virus lodges in the brain of a fetus it would be disastrous. It causes babies to have small heads also called microcephaly that hinders learning ability. Not to mention stem cells are put to risk as a new study shows. Stem cells are often called blank slate cell since it can rise to other types of cells in the body that are needed. The big concern is if Zika attacks the brain of adults or infants it might kill nerve cells and stem cells that are very important.
The transition from Medieval Europe to the Renaissance and beyond was not easy. Death and loss of power were the results of events such as the Black Death, the downfall in economy was also involved, but in the end it resulted in the discovery of new things. You can relate all of these changes to a modern event, known as the Zika virus. The Zika virus, which has recently invaded the United States, is a disease which has many of the same characteristics as the Black Death.
On Friday, September 9th, Officials in Miami gave the go-ahead to begin aerial spraying the insecticide Naled to interrupt the transmission of the Zika virus being spread by mosquitos. The number of people infected through local transmission in Miami has risen to 15 as of Monday, September 5th. The number of Zika cases nation wide has been confirmed by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention to be a staggering 1,658 cases. All but one of these cases has been contracted through travel to Zika-infected areas. Over 400 of these confirmed cases involve pregnant women, seventeen of who have given birth to babies with birth defects and five of which have resulted in lost pregnancies.
Also the Zika Virus is not just in Florida “Zika Virus has been identified in several countries in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean since 2015 (floridahealth).” And “Outbreaks have also been reported in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific
Zika is a perfect example of how infectious diseases and agents can quickly spread throughout the world due to the ease of travel, and therefore poses a major public health threat. The public health goal is to now figure out how to stop the spread of Zika by possibly eliminating the reservoir and vector, the mosquito. Prevention of Zika also depends on educating at risk populations/geographical areas on the disease and how to avoid becoming infected. There are also a multitude of neglected tropical diseases in parts of the world that receive little attention and therefore little research to prevent mortality and
The role of government to protect the health of pregnant women and their babies is by continuing to fund in the organization of contraception of Zika Virus such Planned Parenthood. By providing every pregnant woman in the organization, the fund will provide every pregnant woman or mother essentials needs to give their child a normal lifestyle. If the government continue to do so, it will help benefit those that are ill and prevent future pregnant women. This disease is preventable by educating everyone about what Zika virus is and can do to a body, wearing mosquito repellent and long pants, and travel places where there is no outbreak of
Although the two viruses can cause permanent damage, they both have differences. ZEBOV has emerged into the human population throughout Africa. Not only has it infected humans, but has also caused massive die-offs of chimpanzees and gorillas. Experiences with Ebola Zaire are somewhat similar to the Marburg and Sudan virus that will be introduced later. “Ebola Zaire (EBO-Z) killed two hundred and eighty of the three hundred and eighteen people infected Yambuku Mission Hospital (YMH) used the same needles with different patients.
During these times of scarcity, water-related diseases flourish in poor underdeveloped communities. As surface water sources such as ponds and natural springs dry up. Residual water sources are severely contaminated by ecological waste, such as human and animal excrement, which is washed in when it does rain. The stagnant water serves as a breeding place for mosquito
In the story The Mosquito Solution the scientist took risks by releasing mosquitoes into Brazil’s community. “Despite the experiment’s scientific promise, many people regard the tiny insect as a harbinger of a world where animals are built by nameless scientist, nurtured in beakers, then set loose-with consequences, no matter how noble the intention… Which means the Moscamed team is willing to release the dengue disease no matter what the risk is.” (Reyes 99-103). The scientist released mosquitos around to
One of the biggest summer nuisance would be the mosquito, but more specifically the Ades aegypti mosquito. The Aedes aegypti is the vector for yellow fever and the cause of the numerous deaths. In her book The American Plague: The Untold Story of Yellow Fever, The Epidemic the Shaped Our History, Molly Caldwell Crosby presents the idea that the mosquito is not just the only reason an epidemic occurred in the 18th century. This story accounts for the disease that broke out across the world and nearly destroyed almost all of North America’s population, which some believe could have been avoided by simple quarantine analysis and sanitary methods.
Accordingly, to Tara Haelle, author of “The Measles Outbreak is Twice as Big as You Thought”, published in Scientific American, in 2015, the main idea is on March 6, about 173 cases were reported because of measles. However, Canada had an outbreak more than 100 cases that was also affected by the measles.The measles virus is infecting the children more.The measles are a contagious virus that is spread by someone. The virus can be spread by inhaling from an affected person.The infectious disease can remain in the air, on the surface, and objects for several hours after an affected person leave the room. Haelle mention Mark Schleiss, he is a director of Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the University of Minnesota Medical School,
These enterovirus are present in many things such as mucus, feces and saliva and are transmitted through direct contact with someone or something that is infected. The virus then enters the mouth and travels to the brain so that it can multiply there. Encephalitis can also caused by the same infections, but more than half of the cases remain undiagnosed. Most cases of encephalitis are caused by enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, West Nile virus or rabies. Herpes simplex encephalitis can affect anyone at any age but is usually seen with people under the age of twenty or people over the age of forty.
The Canadian Polio Epidemic Imagine a disease that could affect an entire nation, then multiply that by 10. That explains the fear that people between 1927-1954 were facing. Polio is a crippling disease that affected tens of thousands between 1927-1954. The epidemics brought our country together and proved vaccines our very important to world health.
Malaria is the most common disease in third world countries with a tropical climate; the disease is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.