Zika Virus Disease

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Abstract: This research paper is going to demonstrate the outbreak, effects, means of transmission, and treatment of Zika virus disease. Zika virus disease is mosquito-borne flavivirus, meaning it primarily spreads through infected mosquito bites. Through research, we discovered that the Zika virus originated from an experiment that was held on subjects about yellow fever. Zika virus cases have been reported in many countries. However, it is mainly found in the tropical regions. The wide-spread of Zika virus was accompanied by dangerous syndromes such as microcephaly, and Guillain-Barre. The symptoms of Zika virus are considered to be mild, yet uncomfortably harmful. There is no vaccine for Zika virus, but there are precautions one must take…show more content…
Mosquitoes that spread Zika are active daytime biters, but they can also bite at night. Therefore, the mosquito net, a kind of cover sheet over the bed to keep mosquitos away at night, is not an efficient blocking method. Ironically, mosquitoes themselves become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then further spread the virus to people through bites. Scientists have discovered other ways of transmission for Zika virus such as sexual intercourse, including oral activities, from a person who has Zika virus to his partner even if the infected person does not show symptoms at the time. Furthermore, another way of transmission is through blood transfusion or body part transplantation. However, it is not a common way of transmitting Zika virus. Also, a pregnant woman can pass Zika virus to her fetus through pregnancy at the beginning or during pregnancy. Zika virus exists in the blood, urine, and semen lasting up to two weeks. Furthermore, the virus can be present longer in semen more than blood. Therefore, it is advised that patients suffering in infected regions go and get samples taking from them at advanced laboratories so that the doctors can identify whether they have the Zika virus disease or…show more content…
Furthermore, an association with Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a disorder in which the peripheral nervous system is attacked by the immune system, was noticed, and there were 38 cases of GBS following Zika virus disease, all were in adults.(8) There were a total of 28,000 people infected with Zika during this outbreak, yet there is no strong evidence to support those claims.(9) In addition, in 2016, reports have shown that the infection rate in Colombia has accumulated up to 65,000 cases making it the second largest country to be infected with Zika virus disease.(11) Zika virus symptoms are not severe including fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis (red eye), muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache. Therefore, the infected person would be on bed rest most of the

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