With these degrees of exclusion, we 're all losers. Social cohesion is weakened, and conflict situations are created, generating violence and sick societies. More than nine million children die each year before their fifth birthday. Between 33% and 50% due to malnutrition. The cause of death is usually diarrhea, but behind it is acute deficits of necessary micronutrients.
Oral health is a vital component of overall health. Despite advances in access to care, quality of health care, and research. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continues to be a chronic disease in our youth. ECC has been linked to a higher risk of new carious lesions, hospitalizations delayed or insufficient physical development, a lowered learning ability and an increase in emergency room visits. (Tinanoff et all 1997) Although over the last 20 years we have seen a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries in older children, we have not seen a decrease in the prevalence in children under 5 years of age.
Lou Gehrig's Disease (ALS) Each year about 5,000 people are diagnosed with the deadly disease called Lou Gehrig's disease or ALS. ALS stands for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Yet one person has managed to survive for more than forty years with ALS. It is a disease that currently has no cure. ALS is a incurable disease that affects millions of people every year.
To date, the epidemic has left behind 13.2 million orphans, children who before the age of 15 have lost either their mother or both parents to AIDS. Economic impacts - growing evidence suggests that AIDS is having a devastating effect on economic growth and incomes. An African country overall GDP growth would be 2.6% lower each year. At the end of 20 years, the economy would be two thirds smaller than it would otherwise have been. Workers - AIDS reduces the number of healthy workers, especially experienced workers in their most productive years.
It takes 0.5 pint of crude oil to make 1 nappy, 715 pounds of plastic and 4.5 trees to make nappies for 1 baby over these nappy-wearing years. Leaving aside oil, trees and energy used to make these, each nappy is only used for few hours before being chopped away and we throw away 2.5 billion of them a year. It also makes a large contribution to the landfills. Plastics of the nappies that prevent leakage could take up to 500 years to
In 1993, the Chinese government launched the National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Elimination Program. China bears the heaviest burden of iodine deficiency in the world. In 1995, 20% of children aged 8 to 10 showed signs of goiter. Some 400 million people in China were estimated to be at risk of iodine deficiency disorders, constituting 40% of the global total. Today, the global importance of the health condition is a range including goiter (enlarged thyroid), stillbirths, stunted growth, thyroid deficiency, and mental defects.
The illness itself lasts for a few weeks, while the patient gradually improves. However, there are a few incidents where a complication may occur and result in acute liver failure. Chronic HBV is a lot more dangerous because it’s long term and can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. If diagnosed with chronic hep B, consultation with an experienced liver specialist, gastroenterologist or hepatologist, is a must. If the patient in case is a child, then the right choice would be a pediatric gastroenterologist or hepatologis.
Nursing burnout is the major cause of patients that have died from acquiring infection during hospital stay. The risk factors of burnout lead to cognitive detachment in nurses, resulting failure to perform adequate hand hygiene and other infection preventive measures. The study presented that for every 10% increase in nursing burnout, the rate of catheter associated urinary tract infections increased one per 1,000 patients, and surgical site infections increased more than two per 1,000 patients every year. Over 1/3 of the nurses surveyed, estimate that reducing the burnout rate of 10% would prevent over 4,000 infections per year, and also eliminate the associated monetary cost of these infections. (Dr. Cimiotti,
However, with improved medical diagnostics and treatments, the death rate has fallen from 35 per 10 000 ectopic pregnancies in the 1970s to 4 deaths per 10 000 in the mid-1990s [1,3]. Ectopic pregnancy is most commonly diagnosed between 6 and 10weeks gestational age. 6 – 16% of first-trimester pregnancies presenting to the Emergency Department with complaints of pain or bleeding will be ectopic pregnancies . If the patient has both these complaints, the incidence of ectopic pregnancy is approximately 39% and will increase to 54% if the patient also has a risk factor for ectopic pregnancy [2,4]. Most ectopic pregnancies implant in the fallopian tube, with 80% in the ampulla, 12% in the isthmus, 5% in the fimbria, and 2% in the interstitial region.
Neonatal nursing can become a very emotionally draining occupation to pursue. These nurses have to care for the babies that are born premature, or are at risk (Neonatal Nursing 2). Caring for babies that may not have a chance at life can be emotionally difficult. According to Pinfield, “A study showed that on average, each year 10% of babies are premature or have an illness that requires Neonatal care”. Pinfield also says that of all the infants that die before their first birthday, 70% die because they were born premature.
According to Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (2011), annually, teen pregnancy cost taxpayers about $6 billion in lost tax proceed and almost $3 billion in community expense. It noted that in spite of declines in teen pregnancy in the United States since 1991, substantial racial and ethnic inequalities still occur. Viner et al., (2012) identified social determinants of health in a population as those factors or conditions of people’s birth, place of residence, and source of livelihood. Their work recognized four social determinants of health which may impact teen pregnancy as 1) income 2) education 3) social support network and 4) living environment. The graph below from Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (2012) highlights the disparities
Registered Nurses and the Neonatal Specialty On August 7, 1963, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, was born 5 ½ weeks premature [37 weeks]. He weighed 4 pounds 10 ½ ounces, but succumbed 39 hours after birth to “hyaline membrane disease, now known as respiratory distress syndrome [RDS]” (James 1). Today, this baby would have lived. However, in 1963 “about 25,000 children a year died because medical science lacked the skills and the specialized equipment needed to save them” (James 1). “By 2002, fewer than 1,000 babies a year die[d] of respiratory distress” (Philip 807) and “doctors can now save preemies as young as 23 and 24 weeks with the use of the protein surfactant, ventilators, and advanced technology known as continuous positive air pressure” (James 3).
“nearly a billion people around the world are exposed to waterborne pathogen pollution daily and around 1.5 million children mainly in underdeveloped countries die every year of waterborne diseases from pathogens. Pathogens enter water primarily from human and animal fecal waste due to inadequate sewage treatment.” (Dorsner, 2017) That in mind, the possibility of decrease
Talk to your health care provider about recommended vitamin and mineral supplements following gastric bypass surgery. Furthermore, surgeons in Europe who have banded for over a decade (almost universally) are starting to do gastric bypass preferentially, or as rescue or revision operations on their failed LAP-BAND patients. Nevertheless, LAP-BAND is an easy operation to perform, with few early complications associated with the operation itself. In 2002, the number of gastric bypass procedures jumped 40%, to 80,000. In 2003, the number of surgeries exceeded 120,000.