Methods: The mass of five different amounts of an unknown metal sample was determined using an electronic balance and a weigh dish. The volume of these five different amounts was determined using a 100 mL graduated cylinder and tap water through the method of water displacement. The water was poured into the sink using the wire screening to separate the metal from the water. This process was repeated for the second metal sample. The physical appearance, mass, and volume of each metal were recorded in data tables.
The first experiment was a Synthesis reaction, this was done by burning the substance magnesium; the substances reacted to form one compound, which ended up being heavier than the first original mass of the magnesium, the final product was known as magnesium oxide. The second experiment that was conducted was the Decomposition reaction, which actually eliminated chemical elements by burning them off, therefore reducing the weight of the final product by 1.673 grams. The third experiment was known as single displacement, by adding the chemical hydrochloric acid to zinc it created a chemical reaction which actually increased the temperature, as well as the pressure within the flask. The last experiment that was conducted was known as double displacement, this experiment involved the exchange of bonds, between the two sodium hydroxide and nickel. The Nickel was forced to group together when it was placed into the sodium hydroxide, instead of mixing with the compound it would rather keep to
A specific amount of Copper will undergo several chemical reactions and then recovered as a solid copper. A and percent recovery will be calculated and sources of loss or gain will be determined. The percent recovery for this experiment was 20.46%.
The percent recovery of the copper was calculated using the equation, percent recovery = (the mass of the copper recovered after all the chemical reactions/the initial mass of the copper) x 100. The amount of copper that was recovered was 0.32 grams and the initial mass of the copper was 0.46 grams. Using the equation, (0.32 grams/0.46 grams) x 100 equaled 69.56%. The amount of copper recovered was slightly over two-thirds of the initial amount.
To find chemical equilibrium, the following chemical equation is used in the experiment: Fe3+(aq) + SCN-(aq) FeSCN2+(aq). When iron (III) and thiocyanate react, thiocyanoiron (III) is produced. When the concentration of all ions at equilibrium are known, the equilibrium constant can be calculated by dividing the equilibrium concentration of the reactant by the equilibrium concentration of the products. In this experiment, four equilibrium systems containing different concentrations of three different ion types (Fe(NO3)3, KSCN-, and distilled water) are made and used to determine equilibrium concentrations. The equilibrium concentrations are used to calculate the concentration that all of the components of the chemical equation are at equilibrium. Using a colorimeter or spectrometer to determine the equilibrium concentration of FeSCN2+(aq) and
The purpose of the lab is to acquire the percent composition of zinc and copper. The procedure included obtaining a post 1983 penny and washing it with soap and water. Using a triangular file, we made an X on the penny. Then, we cleaned the top and bottom of the penny with steel wool until it was shiny. We rinsed the penny in acetone and dried it with paper towel. Next, we determined the mass of the penny by placing it on a balance. The mass of the penny was 2.47 grams. Afterwards, we placed the penny in a beaker filled with 20 mL of 6 M HCl. In the end we put the beaker in the fume hood and allowed it to sit overnight. During day two of the penny lab, we removed the penny skin from the beaker using tweezers. We rinsed the penny skin with
A compound containing Sulfur and Nitrogen is 69.6% Sulfur by mass. If its molar mass is 184 g/mole:
Deductive reasoning was used by determining the identity of an unknown copper mineral by looking at different possible copper minerals in the database with observations that were taken throughout the entire lab. Through roasting, the percentage of mass could be found through the mass of copper contained in an unknown copper containing mineral sample by gravimetric analysis of the copper (II) oxide produced.
Oxidant (oxidizing agent) is the element which reduces in experiment. Consequently, it induces second element to be oxidized.
Trial 1: 25.65mL NaOH x 0.100mol/1000mL = 2.57 x 10-3 mol NaOH = 2.57 x 10-3 mol HA = 2.57 x 10-3 mol H+. The equivalent mass is 0.356g Acid / 2.57 x 10-3 mol H+ = 139g/mol H+
Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu and atomic number twenty-nine. It is also a solid at room temperature. Copper was most likely the first element ever manipulated by humans. In fact, humans discovered copper during the Paleolithic era. Copper was also very important during the copper and bronze age. Copper is also a very important element in the medical field. Also, the united states penny was originally made from pure copper. Finally, the Statue of Liberty did not always look green.
(0.0035 moles of CaCl2) x (1 mole Ca(OH)2/ 1 mole of CaCl2) = 0.004 moles of Ca(OH)2
Background Information/Introduction: The aim of this lab is to determine the empirical formula of magnesium oxide by converting magnesium to magnesium oxide. As an alkali earth metal, magnesium reacts violently when heated with oxygen to produce magnesium oxide and magnesium nitride as a byproduct. In order to obtain only magnesium oxide, distilled water was added so that magnesium nitride will react and convert to magnesium hydroxide. Further heating then oxidizes all of the magnesium into magnesium oxide. After the reaction is finished, the percentage composition of each element in the product can be found and used to calculate the empirical formula, which is the lowest whole number ratio
(0.0107 g Mg)/1×(1 mol Mg)/(24.305 g Mg)=(4.40×〖10〗^(-4) mol Mg)/1×(1 mol H_2)/(1 mol Mg)=4.40×〖10〗^(-4) mol H_2
In this module, I will focus more on the different techniques on how to convert unit to unit that I learned from different sources and some I self-learned, and of course some from the discussion done by our teacher. As for the conversion process, I will try to focus more on Dimensional Analysis than in the Mole Method, though I will