Before and After Columbus Christopher Columbus was known to many Americans as the great explorer. He “discovered” America but as years went on the glorified Columbus was criticized and historians had found error in his ways. Does this mean Columbus was a villain and everything he stands for should be demolished? In this essay we will explore how Columbus Day is honored or observed in the United States of America and how celebrating this holiday opens up sore wounds for American Indians and how he opened the doors for transatlantic slavery, mass murders and cruelty to the Indigenous people of America. This essay will explore the apparent legacy that Columbus is celebrate and honored for, and whether or not all Americans should continue to honor Columbus Day.
For many years, people have debated over whether Christopher Columbus is a hero or a villain. Based on background research I have done, Columbus, to me, has proven to be a villain. Columbus forced the Indigenous people of America (Native Americans) to change their religion. He put them into slavery and abused them. They were also infected by the diseases that the Spaniards were immune to.
The poem “The History Teacher” by Billy Collins has a greater lie than “The Death of Santa Claus”, in its intention to save the innocence of students. It is necessary to tell the truth when the lie is destroying students future and breeding ignorance. To begin, in this poem the history teacher is trying to protect the innocence of his students by simplifying most historic allusions to make them sound friendly and less important. For example Collins writes, “The Spanish Inquisition was nothing more than an outbreak of questions...” (Collins 7-8). This is a lie because the Spanish Inquisition was not a period of questions but a period of religious intolerance and brutality.
“Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds, and the great sea, as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?” This quote describes when the colonies wanted to kill the American Indians that settled in part of America so they could expand east from west and colonize. Tecumseh says this because the great spirit didn’t make the country of united states for the Indian Americans, both elderly and infants to be killed and taken away from their homes. This quote is one of Tecumseh's most famous quotes.
Every child knows the saying “in 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue,” however, the story of Columbus is much more complex. Inspired by Marco Polo’s exploits and his dying words “I never told the half of what I saw,” Christopher Columbus was a recipient of the patronage of Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon and westward to the Holy Land (Marco Polo). His failed career of Governorship of Hispaniola, the atrocities committed under his leadership have created conflict throughout history, over shadowing his Catholic mission and his nautical achievements. While the myth of Columbus “discovering America” has been associated with slavery and mass murder, evidence shows that his mission was a Holy Crusade on behalf of Spain, and while his poor leadership deserves a strong rebuff, his accomplishments and religious motivations do not justify his erasure from history. First, at the time of his first voyage, Christopher Columbus was experienced navigating treacherous waters, keeping meticulous journals mapping direction of travel, winds
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
What did he do that was so great that we all celebrate this 1 man? Many people, in today’s society, do not agree on the image of Christopher Columbus, or what this Holiday is portrayed to be. Some say he was a savage, and he should not be celebrated. People boycott the Holiday, and say he enslaved, killed, and tortured Native Americans for their lands and riches. Others believe he was a brave and honorable explorer, who set out on a voyage in search of A “New World”.
. .] it’s an indispensable part of the best of worlds, a necessary ingredient; if Columbus had not caught, on an American island, this sickness which attacks the source of generation and sometimes prevents nature entirely--which thus strikes at and defeats the greatest end of Nature herself--we should have neither chocolate nor cochineal” (Voltaire. Pangloss to Candide 361). Following the “knowledgeable” Pangloss, Candide then slowly started to truly see the real world at the cost of killing many people in the name of the “best of worlds”.
The philosophical optimism Candide Voltaire's Candide use of anti-heroism as an object of ridicule against the philosophers of the Enlightenment. Candido, the hero of the novel, Travelling the world, where he meet with many difficulties. During the trip, he is liable according to the teachings of his teacher, doctor Pangloss to believe that "all good" (3). Voltaire pointed out illogic of this teaching, "when Columbus is found in the American island, a disease that affects the source of generation ... that it engages be no chocolate or cochineal" (8). Stupidity of this illogical opinion Voltaire problem in most optimistic that his teachings would lead to illogical degree.
One being forced out of the only home they ever knew, only for the gain of their oppressors is extremely harsh. In 1830, president Andrew Jackson formulated a cruel plan to do this, announcing his goals to the nation. He believed that all natives were savages, and worth less than white men. Jackson’s speech on American Indian removal possesses several flaws, as he neglects the fact that the Indians were there first, fails to empathize with the native population as he plans to forcibly remove them, and is morally incorrect in his judgement of the Native Americans. Essentially, it is important to note that all white “civilized” people were immigrants into America, and the people who were truly here first were the American Indians.
Firstly, the students need to aware of and understand the magnitude of the massacre. The lack of information could lead to many misconceptions. For example, in the Jim Keegstra case of 1985-1992, Keegstra was claimed to have taught students that, “an International Jewish Conspiracy is working to destroy Christianity and create a new world government based in Israel.” (Calgary Herald)These type of ideas can create confusion in young people’s minds and make them think that it never occurred. They should be taught the whole aspect and realize that not all German people were Nazis. Critics claim
I remember learning about Ben Tillman’s glorious achievements for our state throughout all of my school education, but not once did I ever learn about his campaign consisting of Red Shirts that went around terrorizing people during the very violent 1876 election for governor. The youth of South Carolina have been “shielded” from the dark parts of South Carolina history. This creates a generation of people that exist today only knowing a biased history of South Carolina. Without understanding the past, future generations cannot work to prevent the mistakes of our ancestors. Along with this, it creates a cycle of ignorance.
“To what extent did Howard Zinn change your understanding and perspective of Christopher Columbus?” Shea Pridgen August 25th, 2015 4th period Christopher Columbus was malicious and had more evil intent than we were taught as young children. Howard Zinn’s book, A People’s History of the United States, has the power to open minds on the topic of American history, more specifically Christopher Columbus. Zinn explores topics that people would be genuinely surprised that actually happened. It’s not our fault for not being aware of our history. If we had a full awareness of what this country is actually built on, then the perceptions that others have built about this country would be ruined.
Throughout the course of history, especially America 's, one side is always more embellished to fit elite reputation. When thinking about American history, the white man 's tale is often told: Christopher Columbus founded America and ever since he has we have been colonizing, growing, and rapidly becoming more industrialized. Our middle and high schoolers are not handed down books on the genocide of Native Americans and stripping of their land, which we still benefit from. Neither are they going to have a discussion with their history teacher on the systemic bondage that coerced slaves into building this country brutally. Academia has been flawed in failing to include and represent the many faces of history and oppression.