Concerning our perceptions of culture and race of people what are the effects of storytelling? Are there positive or negative effects when stories told repeatedly about one culture? Concerning Native Americans what are the effects of storytelling and they are used to correct misconceptions that we have about Native American culture and history. This essay covers my thoughts and opinions on the impact of storytelling potentially correcting or propagating the misconceptions that I had about Native Americans both growing up in the Pacific Northwest to now. First, this essay will describe my preconceptions of Native Americans threw storytelling growing up.
Caleb’s Crossing, by Geraldine Brooks, explores the life of Bethia Mayfield and how she grew up in a New England settlement where she befriended the Wampanoag Indian Caleb who later comes to an english University. The American Pageant, by David M. Kennedy and Lizabeth Cohen, gives detailed information on the history and interactions between the New World settlers and the Natives that lived there for centuries. In Caleb’s Crossing the Indians and English settlers form close ties with one another even during major conflict, but in The American Pageant as soon as conflict starts the Indians and English forsake each other and a horrific war ensues. Caleb’s Crossing also gives a more in depth view of the personal relationship between Indians and
There were a plethora of indian boarding schools established in the United States. For instance, Concho Indian Boarding School in Concho,Oklahoma , Sante Fe Indian School in Santa Fe, New Mexico, or or Stewart Indian School in Carson City, Nevada. These schools spanned all over the United States. In these schools, Native American children, taken from their homes and families, were taught mathematics and english, as well as trivial subjects such as farming and sewing. These schools served as a way to eliminate the culture of Native Americans.
Assimilation is the process of adapting or adjusting to the culture of a group or nation, or the state of being. It also is the state or condition of being assimilated, or of being absorbed into something. An example of will be, assimilation of immigrants into American life. Assimilation connects a lot to the novel because Kii Yazhi has to adapt to the ways of Americans when he goes to boarding school and has to act like them. In the novel Code Talkers the author Bruchac perfectly shows and explains assimilation.
As boarding Schools attempted to provide the English language education, such schools sought to stimulate Native Americans into American mainstream culture. Thou Ortiz began to struggle, cultural dissonance shaping him starting to write about his thoughts and experience in his diary and started to create short stories
The entry of European settlers on the eastern shore of the US which was an intensely populated region by Native Americans, sustained a government fear including broad clash. This "Indian Issue" originated from the failure of the racial social orders to exist together with each other in a similar group. In light of the "Indian Issue" the United States ' Government advanced in setting up reservations. The landscapes would be only claimed and occupied by the Native Americans. Basically, this thought was an old type of process of renovating and improving the community so that it conforms to middle-class taste.
In the beginning of the book Stephanie Crawford, the town gossiper, justifies that she knows everything about Boo Radley. Scout and Jem are frightened by Boo Radley because of all the stories they have heard. Scout is terrified of the Radley place and calls Boo, a “malevolent phantom.” According to Miss Stephanie Crawford, Boo Radley was sitting in the living room cutting some items from the newspaper and when Mr. Radley had passed by him, Boo drove the scissors into his leg. They also learn that the reason Boo Radley’s hands are bloodstained are because he eats any squirrels or cats he finds. Jem also describes him as a horrific scary monster, but these are only based on facts that Stephanie Crawford has told them and the town.
When Junior was in first grade the government tried to make him less like an Indian and this can be seen when he said, “My hair was too short and my U.S. Government glasses were horn rimmed, ugly, and all that” (Alexie 170). In second grade Junior’s teacher Betty Towle thought that Junior was very disrespectful. However, she was not respectful to fact that Indians and their traditions like having long hair. So she tried to force Junior to cut his hair. The text said that “She sent a letter home with [him] that told [his] parents to either cut [his] braids or keep [him] home from class” (Alexie 173).
These examples only reinforced my values on the topic shown, as it shows the violent attack being covered up by law and ‘rights’. In the movie “Rabbit Proof Fence” the idea of imposing white beliefs on Aboriginals is obvious. When the girls are taken to the mission campsite they are forced to pray to God, and go to church. They are also told that “We speak English here, none of that jibber jabber.” By one of the nuns. When they are given breakfast Gracie spits out the food, she is then yelled at to eat or it will be “Shoved down your throat”.
Throughout their lifetimes, people go through a change in identity, which despite not being physical it changes them morally and emotionally, as well as influencing their actions. Sherman Alexie capitalizes off of this with his novel, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian (ATDPTI), which follows Junior, a boy from a Native American reservation, who switches to a school in a nearby town, which is known for being racist towards his culture; Junior changes through the novel, and develops a true sense of his own identity, giving the work a prominent theme. Zitkala-Sa’s School Days of an Indian Girl follows a young Native American girl in the late 1800s, who is forced away from her family and sent to a boarding school built to strip them of their culture, and encounters drastic change similar to Junior. Sherman Alexie addresses the impact of one 's positive change in identity by giving his protagonist a character and goal or character to surpass; he does this by creating two similar characters, giving his protagonist a goal, and by showing a concluding comparison. Alexie shows Junior’s change in identity by giving him a supporting character that can reflect his change.
“Coming of Age” In the book The Indian Peoples of Eastern America, James Axtell, the editor, gives us various amounts of different documents that explain the lives of the Indians. This gives us, the reader, an insight and perceptive of what it felt like to be an Indian during these hard times. Throughout this time, the Europeans had settled upon North America where the Indians had already founded and adapted upon their survivals. In chapter two of the book, we learn how the Indians had raised their children, types of punishments they were given, the different upbrings for the two genders during this time, their rituals they experienced and finally what they thought of their different practices. All across chapter two “Coming of Age”, we have an understanding for how the Indian mothers went about to raising their children.
Historians who practice historiography agree that the writings from the beginning of what is now known as the United States of America can be translated various ways. In James H. Merrell’s “The Indians’ New World,” the initial encounters and relationships between various Native American tribes and Europeans and their African American slaves are explained; based on Merrell’s argument that after the arrival of Europeans to North America in 1492, not only would the Europeans’ lives drastically change, but a new world would be created for the Native Americans’ as their communities and lifestyles slowly intertwined for better or worse. Examples of these changes include: “deadly bacteria, material riches, and [invading] alien people.” (Merrell 53)
In the beginning, John talks about how at Franklin High School he was the bathroom bomber. John is famous for his proficiency with the “fruit roll,” which is on Wednesdays when the lunch gives away old apples, and they roll them when John gives the signal. This only occurs with substitute teachers though. John then later states that he has given up all that stuff. Additionally, he explains that Lorraine doesn’t want him cursing, so instead of writing it out he will just write @#$%.
Failure is perhaps one of the most influential things in people’s lives because it can alter the course of our actions, by teaching us persistence or leading us the opposite way. Through his book, Dr. Cleamon Moorer guides the readers through an intimate journey about his progression from failure to promise. Cleamon is from a small town of Detroit with parents, who love him and enforce discipline, but most importantly, they nurture his faith in Jesus Christ. He excelled in academics during both elementary and middle school, however, his mischievousness throughout those years earns him many disciplinary sessions. In high school, misbehavior becomes history, yet, his GPA suffers in the low C’s.
Specifically, the European fur traders adopted the dress of Native Americans For example, the majority of the fur traders wore moccasins (Lahlum, 23 Jan 2017). As time moved forward, the relationship between Europeans and Natives started to change, and with this change came forced assimilation. For the Natives, the Europeans saw the forced assimilation as there way of civilizing them (Lahlum, 22 Feb 2017). One of the main features of forced assimilation was Indian Boarding schools. In these schools, they teach the Native children English and Christianity (Laliberte, Natives, Neighbors, and the National Game, 2010).