Thus, the exceptionality of the 1979 Iranian Revolution emphasizes the influence of religion and its role and contribution in revolutions and revolutionary ideology. The oppressed majority of Iranians, consist of mainly of Shiites, may well sympathize with Shariati’s form of Shiism which defined the religion as, “the struggle for justice against foreign rule, tyranny, feudalism, and exploitation (Brandis, 2009).” Also, the U.S.-Iranian relations went downhill after the revolution. In fact, Khomeini accused the U.S. of exploiting Iran’s resources. This exploitation from the west forced Iranians to take part in a revolution where many Iranians had to die and killed by the repressive Shah regime (Wise, 2011; Shadmehr,
All of the Iranian adversaries banded together to bring down the rule of Reza Shah. The strength of all of the revolutionaries, including Marjane’s parents, easily matched the Shah. Essentially, the Shah and the Iranian people, such as the Satrapi family, had a negative relationship. Reza Shah was the successor of his father, and may have been even less popular with the Iranian people. Having a leadership style too unique for the Iranian’s taste, he quickly became very unpopular.
At the times of the Iranian Revolution, those who deviated from the norm were perceived to be very controversial. Due to the different ideologies of social groups, conflicts and disputes arise among them. In Marjane Satrapi’s, Persepolis, the Iran Revolution triggers the controversy of morals and beliefs between the modernist and the government. The modernist are perceived as rebellious and westernized. During the time of the Iran Revolution, modernists are being presented as a rebellious group.
Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest living religions, is a pre-Islamic and ancient monotheistic religion. Along with monotheistic features, Zoroastrianism also contains dualistic features and it shares many central concepts with the major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is centered on the words of the prophet Zoroaster and focuses worship upon Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom, and also acknowledges two competing principles representing good and evil: Spenta Mainyu (“Bounteous Spirit”) and Angra Mainyu (“Destructive Spirit”) (What, n.d.). People are free to choose between the good or evil, but then they are responsible for their choices and deeds. Humans are intimately involved in this struggle, holding off chaos and destruction through active goodness (What, n.d.).
Introduction The Iranian Revolution in 1979 is regarded as one of the most influential events in the aggregate history of Iran. It was a catalyst in the history of Iran because many great changes occurred in this time period from 1979 onwards. The Iranian Revolution was a nationalist, populist, and Shi'a Islamic revolution that replaced the dictatorial monarchy with an Islamic republic. Pre-revolutionary Iran was run by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and was called the Pahlavi dynasty, who was supported by the United States of America. The demonstrations against the Shah began in October 1977 in which expanded into civil resistance against the Shah which was driven by religious elements.
Marjane Satrapi a young girl who lived during the revolution in Iran gives us a glimpse of her life in a comic. The Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979 is also called as the Islamic revolution.There are many things that one can compare the encyclopedia and historic information from what I have read from The Complete Persepolis. As well as the things that differ from the information and from the book. In 1978 it marked the beginning of many political and religious disturbance in Iran. The Iranian Revolution has a history of chaos in order to put power in the hands of the people.
Although Shibley Telhami presented trends, which have shown that, the ‘religious’ Egyptian identity is weakening, I believe that the religious beliefs still play a major role on Egyptian society. The two aspects of Egyptian national identity that I presented in this paper, illustrate the way that religion and Islamic beliefs control Egypt. Using this concept of the national community, it is possible to explain that in the last few years these individuals felt a surge of freedom that they never had before. These individuals who led and participated in all the movements are beginning to imagine an Egypt that is not controlled by dictators and religion (Islam). I believe that the last few years in Egypt have been fraught with tensions as a result of this lack of personal sovereignty.
In the country of Iran Marjane Satrapi encountered many social discrepancies in her youth. Those discrepancies established in Persepolis: A Story of a Childhood includes differences in treatment for women and men. The culture in Iran during the Iranian revolution showed a diverse way of treating women unequally. Certain laws for women were established in Iran for example, women must appear with their husband or a male member of their family. However, men were not put order such vigilant eyes of other men.
Pre-Islamic Iranian culture and its effect on Islamic civilization and Arabic literature Most of us think that Iranian pre-Islamic culture and literature was totally destroyed with the invasion of the Arabs and a new culture, separate from that of the past developed under the influence of Islamic culture. But, it seems implausible that the literature and culture of people with thousands of years of history could become totally ruined or transformed in such short period and “people would fall into ignorance and bewilderment, until they reenter the world of knowledge and literature, after a long time, with the aid of other elements, and in a different manner.” On the contrary, a quick look at the history of the first centuries after the entrance
The history of Islam in Russia begins at the time of the emergence of a single geopolitical space that includes all the territories and people that later on became part of Russia. Islam is to be considered as the second most popular and second most numerous believe in the contemporary Russia. Just like Orthodox Christianity, Islam in Russia has a thousand-year history. This history includes many factors, such as trade and military confrontations. With the help of trade, the first appearance of Islam in Russia appeared back in the VII-IX