Zygmunt Bauman's Theory Of Modernity

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Zygmunt Bauman was born in Poland in 1925 into a Jewish family. Fourteen years later he escaped with his family into the Soviet Union, when the Nazis invaded Poland, and then joined the Polish First Army – controlled at that time by the Soviets. Becoming a dedicated communist, he joined the KBW, a military internal security organization, and during this time he studied sociology at the Warsaw Academy of Social Sciences. When he was dismissed from the KBW, he completed his MA and became lecturer at the University of Warsaw. Bauman was driven out of Poland by an anti-Semitic campaign and has resided in London since 1971, where he accepted a chair of sociology at the University of Leeds in 1972, and remained there until 1990 when he retired,…show more content…
It is a time where responsibility is shifted from managers to subordinates, managers assure themselves that responsibility falls from their shoulders in case of failure, the labour market becomes fluid since employment is mainly for a short term and thusly easily terminated. A contemporary sociologist, Richard Sennett, states in his work that developing a long term loyalty and commitment to an organization is a very dangerous trap today . The individual is expected to use his ability to reflect by thinking his own thoughts, becoming his own judge, confronting people with different opinions, values and preferences. It is a time of uncertainty, of continuous risk that cannot be calculated, of shifting trust. The latter idea arises from the fact that the food recommended by doctors as healthy one day, becomes carcinogenic the next, or an outfit considered 'on’ today, becomes old fashioned the next. It is also a time for the culture of learning and forgetting as Bauman calls it and it consists in letting things go in order to replace space with new information. It doesn’t come as a failure to remember, but as an order from society, trends and fashions to forget about older things and focus attention on newer versions. It is a period of consuming without paying attention to norms, the individual is guided by seduction, as Bauman states in ‘Consuming Life’ it is the passage from functionality of needs to the volatility of desire. The author refers to these new forms of consumption by making a comparison to Don Juan’s power of seduction. This is where Bauman highlights that people find more pleasure in hunting rather than in catching the prey; like Don Juan, people like to stay up for the chase, for seduction, rather than for

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