Hamlet Essays

  • Hamlet Theme Of Hamlet

    1310 Words  | 6 Pages

    To Theme or Not to Theme (An analysis of the main themes portrayed in the first three of Hamlet’s soliloquies in Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet) “The tragedy of this play, then, lies in the ways that we are sometimes asked to assume roles that will destroy us as moral beings” (Crocker). In Shakespeare’s famous play, Hamlet, the character Hamlet is a very conflicted individual who is forced to deal with many hardships at a very young age. The death of his father and the remarriage of his mother to his

  • Hamlet In Hamlet Analysis

    991 Words  | 4 Pages

    father’s death, Hamlet have become deeply depressed. His mother’s quick movement to engage with his uncle or now his father, King Claudius. Depressed and frustrated by his mother’s deed but unable to reveal his feelings aloud. The more he keeps his feeling hidden within his heart, the more overwhelming his emotion becomes. He knows, this is a bad sign. He must rise to make himself be back on track so he decides to visit a psychoanalytic. Dr. Amitta: Hello, sir. Nice to meet you. Hamlet: Hello. Nice

  • Hamlet Insanity In Hamlet

    1004 Words  | 5 Pages

    literature. William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” is no exception to that rule. Hamlet is one of Shakespeare’s most complex characters, and many scholars have been debating for centuries whether or not Hamlet is truly insane, or whether there is a particular reason for his odd behavior. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Hamlet merely pretends to be mad but in reality is sane. A select few scholars believe that Hamlet is not pretending to be mad, but in reality is insane. Hamlet reveals his insanity through his strange

  • Hamlet Deception In Hamlet

    1456 Words  | 6 Pages

    Deception: the act of deceiving someone. Throughout The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark deception is a prominent theme. Hamlet uses deception to get revenge on Claudius and restore his father’s honor. In the process of this Hamlet ends up deceiving and hurting the others around him ultimately causing the end of a family’s rule and existence. Hamlet’s deception of Claudius is ongoing throughout the tragedy. Hamlet puts on a long term act of being/ going “mad” to distract Claudius from his suspiciousness

  • Hamlet Manifestation Of Hamlet

    1121 Words  | 5 Pages

    Was Hamlet a manifestation of Shakespeare’s depression? Shakespeare had three children with his wife Anne Hathaway. Their names were Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet. Hamnet and Judith were twins however Hamnet was sickly and died before the age of eleven. It has been speculated the Hamlet is supposed to be based on Hamnet’s name. However, Hamnet might not have been the only basis for Hamlet. Three months after Hamnet’s death Shakespeare’s father passed away. This is similar to Hamlet’s experience with

  • Hamlet Insanity In Hamlet

    972 Words  | 4 Pages

    exploited by others. Nevertheless the real question is that is Hamlet insane. Based on the legal definition of insanity as being a “n. mental illness of such a severe nature that a person cannot distinguish fantasy from reality, cannot conduct her/his affairs due to psychosis, or is subject to uncontrollable impulsive behavior”(dictionary.law.com). By using this definition of insanity, it establishes a set of guidelines that establish Hamlet as being mad and as proves that he is insane. The first evidence

  • Hamlet Deception In Hamlet

    1526 Words  | 7 Pages

    What is a tragedy without deception? In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Prince Hamlet portrays deception by acting insane and seeking revenge in order to trick almost all of the characters in this play regarding his underlying motive. Hamlet acts insane and out of his mind in order to deceive some of the main characters, such as King Claudius, Polonius, and Laertes,which makes his intentions seem threatening. Hamlet’s threatening intentions cause these characters to be on edge when he is around and

  • Hamlet Deceiving Others In Hamlet

    829 Words  | 4 Pages

    every character in the tragedy, Hamlet by Shakespeare intentionally or unintentionally deceives others by not showing who they really are or how they really feel. Hamlet is the greatest example of deceiving others because throughout the whole play he is never truly showing who he is or how he feels unless he’s alone and the audience or readers are the only ones who really know who he truly is. How ever what the readers and audience cannot decide on is whether or not hamlet deceives the other characters

  • Hamlet: The Awakening Of Hamlet And Laertes

    768 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Awakening Of Hamlet and Laertes Comparing Laertes and Hamlet. Figuring out how they are alike and dislike in many ways, most of the play they are well alike. After Hamlet kills Polonius, Laertes down the road faces the same problems as Hamlet; a murdered father. In the beginning Laertes and Hamlet didn’t have the same similarities, but since both of there fathers were murdered they both have something in common. While Hamlet, is messing around and playing with the murderer as if he was an animal

  • A Comparison Of Hamlet And Tennant's Hamlet

    851 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hamlet is one of the most remarkable tragedy plays in the world, thus there are many reproductions to create same sensation. Films of Hamlet are the most famous versions of these and there are so several films created. These include Branagh’s version released in 1996 and Tennant’s version released in 2009. Branagh 's film is four hours long movie trying to create the exact version of story Hamlet on the screen and Tennant’s is three hours long television film, famous because it is a modernized version

  • Hamlet And Masculinity In Hamlet, By William Shakespeare

    956 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hamlet and Masculinity What defines society’s portrait of a man? Perhaps it is his fighting skill, his ability to lead, or his valiency. Within the play by William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Hamlet is a prince who struggles with his father’s death and lacks any sense of responsibility. He spends the whole play making excuses and never facing his problems head on. Eventually, he gets revenge on King Claudius, kills Laertes, and dies. Shakespeare utilizes the character Hamlet to portray

  • Violence In Hamlet

    1505 Words  | 7 Pages

    Authors use the role of violence in a story or play to improve the outlooks readers have on characters by creating a protagonist and an antagonist. Hamlet is one of the most famous productions from English writer Shakespeare. Hamlet is the story of a young boy whose life takes a crazy turn for the worst when his father dies. Outstanding themes in this work are drama, deception, and most importantly violence. The use of violence plays an important role in this story. Throughout the story, there are

  • The Localization Of Hamlet And William Shakespeare's 'Hamlet'

    914 Words  | 4 Pages

    After the Queen and Polonius cried for help, Hamlet mistook Polonius for the King and killed him. According to Cambridge dictionary, ‘a rat’ informally means an unpleasant person who deceives others or is not loyal, which is Hamlet’s opinion towards the King. Perng and Lin translated ‘rat’ into ‘老鼠’ and ‘耗子’. These translations are also negative in the target culture. Nevertheless, people might think it is actually a ‘老鼠’ or ‘耗子’ Hamlet intended to kill. Lin compensated this with a localization term

  • Is Hamlet A Hero

    887 Words  | 4 Pages

    even mankind. In William Shakespeare 's play Hamlet, the most heroic and brave character is young Hamlet. Despite the fact Hamlet is stranded amidst a court filled with dishonesty and misconduct and is confronted by the death of his father and his mom 's relatively quick marriage to his father 's brother, he is viewed as daring and bold in the minds of readers. For, it is his courageousness, fearlessness, determination and bravery that proves that Hamlet is not only a strong willed individual but also

  • Ophelia In Hamlet

    1730 Words  | 7 Pages

    Hamlet: “...I did love you once.” Ophelia: “Indeed, my, lord, you made me believe so.” Hamlet: “You should not have believed me...I loved you not.” Ophelia: “I was the more deceived.” For the most part, Ophelia is dependent on the male figures in her life. Although, we do see a flash of her potential self in the beginning of the play. This occurs when we learn that Ophelia has entertained Hamlet without supervision, neglecting her father’s (Polonius) and brother’s (Laertes) advice to not trust Hamlet

  • Indecisiveness In Hamlet

    1921 Words  | 8 Pages

    indeed lie, but actions always tell the truth. In Shakespeare’s play Hamlet the protagonist Hamlet goes through numerous tragedies that cause him depression. His father dies, and his mother marries his uncle. This stress put on him is what essentially created his tragic flaw. Hamlets tragic flaw is his indecisiveness to make decisions. This trait is demonstrated through the entire play and causes Hamlet to his own demise. When Hamlet has immediate suspicious of his fathers murder and later proof, he

  • Comparing Hamlet And Laertes And William Shakespeare's Hamlet

    922 Words  | 4 Pages

    tragedy, Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the drama demonstrates Hamlet’s and Laertes many similarities as well as their differences within the play. But also how both Hamlet and Laertes are shown by Shakespeare as foils in order to make the play more vivid and appealing but also to demonstrate, the way they both lose their father’s’, as well as Hamlet and Laertes taking revenge for their father 's’ death, and lastly, the relationship of Ophelia toward both Hamlet and Laertes. Both Hamlet and Laertes

  • Hamlet: Character Reflection In William Shakespeare's Hamlet

    1594 Words  | 7 Pages

    until there is not all that much yet a spirit brimming with abhor and fiendish. One character that knows exact retribution the best and knows how it can obliterate your life is Hamlet, his spirit is gone and there is only loathe left in his life, he has really lost everything and everybody. If not for the murder of Old Hamlet, Claudius would be viewed as an astute, maybe even considerate ruler. One can see his authority abilities at work in the start of the play. Claudius consoles the court that Fortinbras

  • Comparing Hamlet And Gladiator And Hamlet By William Shakespeare

    956 Words  | 4 Pages

    Have you ever wanted revenge so bad that you would do whatever it took to get it? From Hamlet to Gladiator, two men went through great struggles to avenge the death of ones they loved. Throughout these stories, each plot has major differences while keeping multiple similarities between the two. Hamlet by William Shakespeare, is a play that tells the story of a young man on a mission to get revenge for his father’s unjust death. Gladiator is a movie that follows the journey of Maximus who chooses

  • Hamlet: A Psychological Approach In Shakespeare's Hamlet

    1673 Words  | 7 Pages

    “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” (I.v.90). Hamlet is about a young prince who is mourning the loss of his father. He then tries to seek revenge on his uncle Claudius because he poisoned his father. Throughout the play Hamlet’s behavior starts to change which causes him to become mad. The theory about all this is a Psychological Approach. A Psychological Approach is a perspective study that involves certain assumptions about the human behavior and the way they function. The character

  • Hamlet: The Dual Character In Shakespeare's Hamlet

    880 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hamlet (1603) has been Shakespeare’s most important play throughout history, and it still is the most produced play in the world nowadays. As a matter of facts, it is estimated that Hamlet is being performed somewhere every single minute, every day (Gedgerow). But why is Hamlet so famous? Of course the dialogues, the drama and the story are impecable, but Hamlet’s stronger weapon is, not in vain, its main character: Hamlet. He is a very peculiar character, that thinks a lot, and talks a lot; he

  • The Historical And Historical Themes Of Hamlet In Shakespeare's Hamlet

    2647 Words  | 11 Pages

    3.1. Hamlet It is one of the most famous tragedies in the world, the story of revenge of the young prince of Denmark to his uncle for murdering the king (his father) and marrying his mother. An explosive mixture of love, conspiracy and madness make Hamlet be one of the greatest works of world literature. Analysis of the historical and social context A fact that highlights this work among the others is the emotional depth of the characters; you could say that the work is intended to represent the

  • Deception In Hamlet

    923 Words  | 4 Pages

    To Cheat or Not to Cheat? The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the act of deceiving to be false to or to cheat. This is done when the truth is being obscured. All throughout Shakespeare’s classic tragedy, Hamlet, full of misfortune and fate, conveys to the audience that appearance can be deceptive and everything cannot be taken at face value. When analyzing the disposition of each character, one can see that each is hiding behind a facade and puts on a mask to disguise their true identity. Each

  • Oedipus And Hamlet

    1795 Words  | 8 Pages

    world are almost household names to the world, and his work, Hamlet is not only a familiar name to us but also a summit. In comparing and contrasting Oedipus and Hamlet, I see Oedipus as more of a man given to sudden, rash decisions and quick temper. Oedipus is definitely a man of action, where Hamlet stews over whether he should kill Claudius. Oedipus is a proud and selfless man, but is more concerned about his image than Hamlet. Hamlet is a very sensitive, moody person, very much in awe of his deceased

  • Prince Hamlet: A Tragic Hero In Shakespeare's Hamlet

    1023 Words  | 5 Pages

    their downfall. Prince Hamlet is an example of a Shakespearean tragic hero. A tragic hero must possess many good traits, but also possess a flaw that ultimately leads to his downfall. In the Shakespearean play, Hamlet, the tragedy of a young prince’s attempt to extract revenge upon the man who murdered his father is the central idea. Throughout the play, the audience is shown Prince Hamlet’s internal conflict over who killed his father. The internal conflict Prince Hamlet brings upon himself is his

  • Symbols And Symbolism In Hamlet

    1347 Words  | 6 Pages

    necessary to deepen the reader’s understanding of the work in its entirety or specific characters within the text. In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the story opens with the appearance of the ghost of Hamlet’s father. This leads to a certain set of events that eventually lead to Hamlet’s downfall. Hamlet, is by far, one of Shakespeare’s most diverse characters seen as Hamlet is a reflection of many of the other characters around him: His ghostly father, his traitorous mother and uncle, his best friend, and

  • Hamlet Soliloquy Analysis

    1253 Words  | 6 Pages

    the action of the play alone. Shakespeare uses the soliloquies in Hamlet to great effect especially with the character Hamlet. In his work, Hamlet, Shakespeare’s title character is shown to speak in seven soliloquies. Hamlet’s are the most informative and advance the plot the greatest. Each soliloquy advances the plot, reveals Hamlet’s inner thoughts to the audience and helps to create an atmosphere in the play. Through the title Hamlet, as a reader it is known that only so much can be obtained from

  • Hamlet Tragedy Analysis

    2050 Words  | 9 Pages

    lines in western literature. In this part of a monologue of the play Hamlet is deciding whether it is worth living or perhaps dying. This idea of life or death and mortality of men reoccurs through Hamlet’s mind until the last act when the time for his death arrives. The text of the play, the Blackfriars production, and the film production by the Royal Shakespeare Company all represent different interpretations of the play Hamlet written by William Shakespeare. Act 5 Scene 2 is interpreted in different

  • Thesis Statement For Hamlet

    704 Words  | 3 Pages

    Outline I. Thesis Statement Throughout act one of the Shakespearian play, Hamlet, there is a reoccurring appearance of the ghost of Hamlet’s father, who fuels Hamlet to avenge his father’s death. II. Development In scenes 1, 4, and 5 in Hamlet, the ghost of the Hamlet’s father (formally King of Denmark), appears to Barnardo, Marcellus, Horatio and Hamlet. The ghost is silent at first, however when Horatio brings Hamlet to see the ghost, he finally vocalizes his want for revenge against Claudius

  • Protestantism In Shakespeare's Hamlet

    1099 Words  | 5 Pages

    Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is widely debated, with connections being made towards a variety of religious influences. However, due to the plays continuous’ references to the Protestant religion, the play’s message can be traced back to Martin Luther; a disgruntled monk with a desire for change. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet the use of Protestant principles and allusions of Martin Luther’s 95 theses directly influences the character development of Hamlet, and reinforces the rebellious

  • Use Of Deception In Hamlet

    842 Words  | 4 Pages

    the world. For as long as we have communicated, we have worked our way around truths. The art of deception is very intricate and fragile, having to be planned carefully. In Hamlet by William Shakespeare, several characters use deception to get their own way. Three of them who made use of it are Claudius, Laertes, and Hamlet. The characters’ motivations for being deceptive differ, but the act of trickery does not. In many ways, we can see how Shakespeare was fascinated by deception and the way

  • Hamlet Character Analysis

    913 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hamlet was written in the Elizabethan period (1558-1603) which was immersed in The Renaissance cultural movement that took place all over Europe. The queen of England was Elizabeth I, Henry VIII´s daughter who made himself the head of the Church of England, and in her reign the English language developed into the modern language we use today, besides the fact that it became the Golden Age of English Drama. Author The author of this book, William Shakespeare, was a poet, playwright* and actor widely

  • Insanity Insanity In Hamlet

    1180 Words  | 5 Pages

    considered a curse or a blessing in disguise? In the play, Hamlet, by Shakespeare, there are many characters whose intentions were all masked by lies and deception. The character, King Claudius, often comes to mind since he was the one to spark the future sequence of events filled with violence and death that would occur in the play by killing King Hamlet; however, Prince Hamlet’s questionable character and sanity are often over-looked. Hamlet portrays his mental stability as rapidly faltering in order

  • Literary Analysis: Hamlet

    782 Words  | 4 Pages

    Jan-Erik Aavik IB English HL B. Raid 04.11.2016 Written Task 2 Outline: Part of the course to which the task refers: Part 3 Literature - text and context Title of the text for analysis: Hamlet, William Shakespeare 1599 Title of the Written Task 2: How does the text conform to, or deviate from, the conventions of a particular genre, and for what purpose? In this essay I will: Explore the conventions of a tragedy Show how Shakespeare adheres to the rules of a tragedy Determine sub-genres

  • Figurative Language In Hamlet

    764 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hamlet, the longest play and one of the famous tragedies story written by William Shakespeare is considered one of the most powerful and influential works in literature has contained various of language uses to create the description and images in Hamlet. Shakespeare uses numerous drama conventions including soliloquy, asides and specific figurative languages to build the imagery of the plot. To make the theme of the drama more easily to understand, Shakespeare writes out the dialogue to show

  • Hamlet Modernization Analysis

    941 Words  | 4 Pages

    name Course Date The Modernization of Shakespeare 's “Hamlet” Hamlet or The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a classical play that was written by William Shakespeare between 1559 and 1602. It shows the tragedy of Danish royal family. Prince Hamlet found out that his father was killed by own brother Claudius who became a new king. The man decided to revenge, and his actions led to death of almost all main characters including his own. Hamlet was performed and cinematized many times. The play contains

  • Hamlet Character Analysis

    737 Words  | 3 Pages

    Prince Hamlet is depressed. Having been summoned home to Denmark from school in Germany to attend his father 's funeral, he is shocked to find his mother Gertrude already remarried. The Queen has wed Hamlet 's Uncle Claudius, the dead king 's brother. To Hamlet, the marriage is "foul incest." Worse still, Claudius has had himself crowned King despite the fact that Hamlet was his father 's heir to the throne. Hamlet suspects foul play. When his father 's ghost visits the castle, Hamlet 's suspicions

  • Hamlet Vs Claudius

    772 Words  | 4 Pages

    In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, acts of ruse play a critical role in the life of the megalomaniac and egocentric Claudius. Being extremely heartless and selfish, he betrays his family and peers countless times solely to remain as the royal leader of Denmark. Initially, Claudius appears to be an innocent king with solely good intentions for his state and his family. Although he lacks apathy towards Hamlet mourning his father’s death, as shown when he advises him, “Tis unmanly grief,” he seems to only say

  • Madness And Madness In Hamlet

    1291 Words  | 6 Pages

    Throughout the play of Hamlet, the concept of madness is brought up profusely. What does it mean to be mad? Likewise, what does it mean to be misunderstood? In this play those ideas are interchangeable. Throughout the play two characters are viewed as being in a state of madness, by their peers and by the audience. These being Hamlet Jr. and Ophelia. Rather, I, view them as misunderstood. These star-crossed lovers were destined to be together. But could not due to superficial titles. Thus, resulting

  • Deception And Deception In Hamlet

    1611 Words  | 7 Pages

    tragedy titled The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, by William Shakespeare, deception formulates in result of multiple diverse events, and it plays an enormous role in how the story plays out. There are many instances where Hamlet deceives another character, which ultimately leads to the tragic end result of this play, which demonstrates to readers that seeking revenge only brings about hardship, death, and destruction. As the play develops, the protagonist Hamlet deceives Claudius, Rosencrantz

  • Hamlet Madness Analysis

    1084 Words  | 5 Pages

    Is Hamlet an insane madman or a revengeful, scheming, genius? There are many conflicting ideas and theories on this topic. This essay is divided into three analytic sections beginning with Hamlet’s madness, and a possibility of why it occurred. Next, is an analysis of why Hamlet delays revenging his father¹s death. Then, Hamlet¹s incestuous acts towards his mother are discussed, in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. In the first act Hamlet seems to be in a perfectly sane state of mind throughout all

  • Mortality In Hamlet Essay

    2251 Words  | 10 Pages

    On Hamlet, Mortality, And the Narrow Divide between Life and Death Hamlet- one of Shakespeare’s most thoroughly referenced works, and one the most widely studied pieces of English literature. Thanks to modern ignorance and terrible acts of misattribution, Hamlet has become synonymous with epic single acts, standalone speeches and incredible and ageless words of wisdom. But the reality stands alone in its travesty- Hamlet is more realistically akin to incestuous desire, copious amounts of death

  • The Role Of The Ghost In Hamlet

    713 Words  | 3 Pages

    The role of Hamlet 's father as a ghost is to not only avenge his own death, but to make sure that Hamlet gets vengeance for claudius murdering him. The nature in which the ghost appears differs between each one of the three appearances. Throughout the play the ghost appears in many different ways, his main objective is to have Hamlet get revenge for his death. The role of the ghost in hamlet can be seen from different points of view, it can be seen as the ghost being hamlets father is trying

  • Hamlet Visual Analysis

    1095 Words  | 5 Pages

    What I have hoped to achieve in my visual is an image that is abstract which further shows the viewer the intricacies of the main character in the Tragedy of Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Hamlet. Before going into the meaning of each image and color and what they symbolize, I want to describe my visual to start off. My visual is a pencil and colored-pencil drawing of several different objects in which i the center, there is a skull with a crown on top of it resting on a sword that has poison and

  • Comparison Of Morality In Hamlet

    832 Words  | 4 Pages

    every other being in the world. Hamlet by Shakespeare exhibits many different types of mortality. It is not only in the story of Hamlet that the ethics of death are discussed but in the real lives of our soldiers that are fighting for our country. There are many similarities and differences that relates with a modern soldier lives to the lives of characters of hamlets. The comparisons and contrast of murder, honor and shame are apparent throughout the story of hamlet and the lives of modern soldiers

  • Hamlet As A Tragic Hero

    962 Words  | 4 Pages

    I am writing this essay to deal with the question how and why is Hamlet regarded as Shakespeare’s most compelling tragic hero. First of all, I am going to define a tragic hero. Afterwards, I would like to outline my opinion towards this question. According to Aristotle a hero of a tragedy must awake in the audience a feeling of pity or fear. Besides this, the hero must come from a princely family or from nobility. It is also important, that the character has many great characteristics so the audience

  • Hamlet As A Tragic Hero

    1196 Words  | 5 Pages

    How is Hamlet similar or different from a classical tragic hero The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle defined a quintessential tragic hero as an individual who makes a judgement error that inevitably results in his or her destruction. Aristotle also proposed certain parameters that a tragic hero must encompass. These characteristics include, having a set of good qualities, having a specific flaw or error(hamartia), misfortune brought to them because of an error

  • Hamlet Speech Analysis

    869 Words  | 4 Pages

    about him? The speaker is Hamlet and we know that he often overthinks his plans, then regrets not acting upon those plans. Question 2 (5 points) O - Occasion. What is the occasion of this speech? When are they speaking? What is happening at the time? What specifically are they responding to? (Refer to your paraphrase for help with this). I am looking for at least 4 sentences for full credit. Hamlet says this speech before he is going to be ship off to England. Hamlet has just seen Fortinbras '

  • Hamlet Film Analysis

    795 Words  | 4 Pages

    Pancho Professor Gmelin English 1B 25 April 2016 Hamlet Review Some wish that the language in Shakespeare’s Hamlet and his other works should be updated that way it’s easier to read in print, and for it to also include effects to perhaps make it more appealing to a twenty-first-century audience. While others thinks that nothing can outshine the brilliance of Shakespeare; which ever group you belong, the Franco Zeffirelli’s film version of the play Hamlet might give you the best of both worlds. However

  • Hamlet As Aristotle's Poetics

    942 Words  | 4 Pages

    The play Hamlet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. The play is about a Prince who was called from the school of Denmark to attend his father’s funeral. He was shocked to see his Queen mother already remarried to his uncle Claudius whom he suspects to be responsible for his father’s death. Hamlet then promised to take revenge on his father’s murder. The play Hamlet is considered as Aristotle’s Poetics because it is a well written tragedy. According to Aristotle, the most important element