Acetic acid Essays

  • Acetic Acid Concentration

    1479 Words  | 6 Pages

    experiment aims to find the concentration of acetic acid in the vinegar sample by titrating it to a standardized NaOH solution, a base solution. A standardized 0.100 M NaOH solution was prepared from an available concentration of NaOH specifically a 1.00 M NaOH. The volume of the standardized solution (titrant) used which is 0.100 L was calculated using the M 1 V 1 = M 2 V 2 relationship. It was then gradually added to the vinegar solution until the acid-base reaction was completely neutralized.

  • Acetic Acid Synthesis Lab Report

    1229 Words  | 5 Pages

    Since the extraction temperature of acetic acid extraction prior to terephthalic acid production are desired at T = 313.2 K and atmospheric pressure. The temperature has been carried out since the aqueous solution that fed to extractor column is originally coming from the top product of distillation column in the upstream process, also keeping the temperature at 313.2 K to avoid the crystallization of acetic acid during the process. Therefore, the experimental liquid-liquid equilibrium data for the

  • Glacial Acetic Acid Lab Report

    2323 Words  | 10 Pages

    presence of sun light (photochemically) using isopropanol as the reducing agent in presence of acetic acid. Acetic acid is added to prevent the cleavage of benzopinacol to benzophenone and benzhydrol by the alkali derived from the glass container used for the reaction. Benzopinacol obtained in the first experiment is converted to benzopinacolone by heating under reflux (5 minutes) with glacial acetic acid containing trace amount of iodine dissolved in it. This reaction is known as pinacol- pinacolone

  • Photosynthesis Lab

    1040 Words  | 5 Pages

    maximum number of moles of acetic acid that can be adsorbed on the surface of the charcoal, per gram of charcoal. Methods A finely powdered charcoal is placed in an acetic acid solution, and some of the acetic acid molecules can be removed from the solution by adsorption on the surface of the charcoal solid. Equilibrium can eventually be established between the acetic acid adsorbed on the surface of charcoal and the unbound acetic acid in the solution. The amount of acetic acid adsorbed onto the surface

  • Isopentyl Acetate Synthesis Lab Report

    539 Words  | 3 Pages

    In this laboratory experiment, 3.030 g of Isopentyl Acetate was synthesized and formed by the esterification of acetic acid with Isopentyl Alcohol. 1.0 mL of Sulfuric acid was used as a catalyst in the reaction. The excess Isopentyl Acetate was used to shift the reaction to the right for esterification to occur. During the extraction, the excess of acetic acid and Isopentyl alcohol was extracted with sodium bicarbonate, and further purification of the Isopentyl acetate was done after through drying

  • Isopentyl Acetate Synthesis

    427 Words  | 2 Pages

    Isopentyl acetate was prepared by fluxing it with alcohol with also some mixture of acetic acid and hydrochloric acid. The acetate was obtained by distillation method with 0.41g and a percent yield of 20%. The mass obtained in this experiment was approximately two times lower compare to the mass in the lab manual book. This might occur during the extraction of the aqueous solution in each step of the experiment. Due to the low of the mass of isopentyl acetate, the percentage yield (20%) was like

  • Ester Esterification Lab Report

    718 Words  | 3 Pages

    Procedure :- A) Fischer Esterification 's Procedure ( Direct esterification of a carboxylic acid with an alcohol ):- 1- Choose any pair of these caboxylic acids and alcohols . When using excess alcohol, a molar ratio 4:1 is used in the procedure. 2- Mix 0.48 mol methanol with 0.12 mol butyric acid in a dry round bottom flask . 3- Add 0.05 moles of concentrated sulphuric acid to round bottom flask very slowly and carefully then put a magnetic stirrer . 4- Set up reflux system using a clean and

  • Recrystallization Of Acetanilide Essay

    920 Words  | 4 Pages

    Conclusions In this experiment, acetanilide was synthesized via nucleophilic acyl substitution from both acetic anhydride and aniline. During this reaction, aniline acts as the nucleophile and acyl (CH3CO-) group from acetic anhydride acts as the electrophile. The hydrogen atom of –NH2 group is replaced by the acyl group. The crude product contained acetanilide, and acetic acid, which was the impurity. Recrystallization, which was used to purify the contaminated acetanilide, required a suitable

  • Apple Vinegar (ACV)

    1082 Words  | 5 Pages

    yeast and finally into vinegar. Like the normal vinegar apple cider vinegar also contains acetic acid and some lactic, citric and malic acid. Apple cider vinegar is in various color not like white vinegar, it is in light yellow color. This is often sold without pasteurization and filtration which is termed as ‘mother of vinegar’, there are some sediments remained at the bottom which consists of acetic acid bacteria. This unfiltered and unpasteurized vinegar is sold in some health food stores, online

  • Friedel Crafts Acylation Lab Report

    936 Words  | 4 Pages

    equivalents of liquid acetic anhydride to 1.8 equivalents of phosphoric acid and concluded with an aqueous workup with NaOH. The initial reaction mixture containing ferrocene, acetic anhydride, and phosphate acid was mixed on a hot stir plate. During this period, reflux was observed, and the mixture appeared dark brown in color. To quench the reaction, the reaction mixture was transferred onto ice. NaOH was slowly added into the mixture, which resulted in acetic acid byproduct from the acetic anhydride reactant/solvent

  • Semicarbazide Hydrochloride Synthesis Essay

    809 Words  | 4 Pages

    (4) Anthranilic acid (0.1M, 18g) was taken in acetic anhydride and refluxed under anhydrous conditions for 4 hrs. Excess of acetic anhydride was then distilled off under reduced pressure. Obtained product was immediately used for next step. Step-4 Synthesis of 2-Methyl-3-[5-(4-substituted)phenyl-1,3,4- oxadiazole-2-yl]- quinazoline-4(3H)-ones53 (5) To the mixture of benzoxazinone (4), 2-Amino-5-aryl -1,3,4-oxadiazole (0.1M) in 100ml of glacial acetic acid was added and refluxed

  • Ester Synthesis Lab Report

    326 Words  | 2 Pages

    knowing anything about what we’re working with, and ended up with a hypothesis which stated the mixtures present for this lab, Acetic acid, Butyric acid for our Carboxylic Group (Putrid smell), and our alcohol listing was isopentanol, butanol, and ethanol. Before we even began the lab, my group and I were already aware that to be a putrid smell, you must have a -ic acid ending to your molecular name or you must have two oxygen atoms present in your structural formula, however, the molecular formula

  • How Does The Amount Of Baking Soda Mixed With Vinegar Affect The Volume Of Gas Produced?

    1211 Words  | 5 Pages

    over the duration of time.
I predict that the more baking powder is added, the more gas will be produced because there is more vinegar to react with baking powder 
The chemical name for baking powder is sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and vinegar is acetic acid

  • Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reaction Lab Report

    821 Words  | 4 Pages

    the presence of substituents in the ring affect the orientation of the incoming electrophile. Using acetanilide, as the starting material, glacial acetic acid, sulfuric acid, and nitric acid were mixed and stirred to produce p-nitroacetanilide. In a 125 mL Erlenmeyer flask, 3.305 g of acetanilide were allowed to mix with 5.0 mL of glacial acetic acid. This mixture was warmed in a hot plate with constantly stirring at a lukewarm temperature so as to avoid excess heating. If this happens, the mixture

  • Phosphoprotein Synthesis Lab Report

    1420 Words  | 6 Pages

    radioactivity added to the isolated synaptosomal fraction remains acid soluble. The finding that RNase does not release radioactivity from the synaptosomes-enriched fraction indicates that the preparation is not contaminated with free polyribosomes. Pronase appears to render the radioactivity from both the whole synaptosome-enriched and the final phosphoprotein residue ( Table 2 ) acid soluble, indicating that the label is initially attached to amino acids. Solubilization by alkaline phosphatase digestion proves

  • Trigonometry Lab Report

    2061 Words  | 9 Pages

    Drug Substance International Nonproprietary Name (INN) Levofloxacin Hemihydrate Chemical Name 7H-Pyrido[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid, 9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-hydrate (2:1), (S)-.(-)-(S)-9-Fluoro-2,3-dihydro-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-7Hpyrido[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid, hemihydrates Generic name Levofloxacin Hemihydrate CAS Number [138199-71-0] S1.2 Structure and attachment for structure of drug substance

  • Aromatic Aldehyde Formal Report

    1073 Words  | 5 Pages

    addition of inorganic acid solution; next, the mixture is evaporated, water is added and the mixture is extracted with ethyl acetate to isolate the product;

  • Preparation Of Carotenoid Lab Report

    1488 Words  | 6 Pages

    Title of Invention "AN IMPROVED PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF CAROTENOIDS FROM ENCYSTED HAEMATOCOCCUS CELLS" Abstract An improved process for the preparation of carotenoids from Heamatococcus cells characterized in simple method of extraction of said caratonoids by using acidified aqueous solution, which comprises suspending encysted Heamatococcus cells in acidified aqueous solution having concentration in the range of 0.01 N to N at a temperature range of 8-90° C for a period of 30 seconds to 15

  • Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane Synthesis

    1310 Words  | 6 Pages

    panels are then immersed in a circulating de-oxidizing bath for 2 minutes, and then 10 dunks immersion in tap water following by low pressure spray of de-ionized water. Deoxidizing bath contains 35% butyl alcohol, 25% isopropyl alcohol, 18% phosphoric acid, and 22% de-ionized water (by vol.). Panels are placed vertically in a panel stacker for drying and are applied with coatings within 3 hours. Application of sol-gel coating All coatings are applied at room temperature (25–30˚C) using an automatic

  • Acetaminophen Synthesis Lab Report

    3871 Words  | 16 Pages

    Purpose The aim of this experiment is to an amide is created by treating an amine with acid anhydride during acetaminophen preparation. Acetaminophen (p-acetamidophenol), the amide, is produced when the amine p-aminophenol is subjected to treatment by acetic anhydride. Experiment Data/Results We started this experiment by obtaining a 50 mL Erlenmeyer flask so we are able to transfer the compounds needed for this reaction mixture. We weighed about 1.5008 grams of p-aminophenol and placed this