Atherosclerosis Essays

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    CHAPTER ONE 1. Introduction 1.1 Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is deposition of plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the inner most layer of the walls of large and medium –sized arteries. (Herbert, 2014) Atherosclerosis is the buildup of a waxy plaque on the inside of artery, the arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body, and they are lined by a thin layer of cells called the endothelium. The endothelium works to keep the inside of arteries

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    Essay On Atherosclerosis

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    are many ways to detect and diagnose patients with CVD and atherosclerosis. Risk of obtaining atherosclerosis can be identified by testing blood, the function of the endothelium, and inflammatory mediators. One of the first ways to test for atherosclerosis is to begin testing a patient’s cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL levels. If any of these numbers are higher than normal then further testing is needed for not only atherosclerosis, but for other disease such as diabetes mellitus or liver disease

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    The presence of any risk factor is thought to double the relative risk for developing atherosclerosis/coronary artery disease and acute myocardial infarction. These risk factors include: • High Blood Cholesterol – An elevated lipid level is major component of atherosclerotic plaque buildup which causes the development of an infarction. • Diabetes

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    Coronary artery disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis. Cholesterol and other fatty substances accumulate on the inner wall of the arteries. This attracts fibrous tissue, blood components, and calcium, which harden into flow-obstructing plaques. If a blood clot suddenly forms on one of these plaques it can convert a partial obstruction to a total occlusion. When the blockage is temporary or partial, angina (chest pain or pressure) may occur. When the blockage completely and suddenly cuts off

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    Often obstructions are caused by atherosclerosis, i.e. the accumulation of fat on the arterial walls. The blockade of one of the intestinal arteries often cause chronic mesenteric ischemia who later becomes acute. • Hypotension caused by shock, heart failure, use of certain medications or chronic renal failure. Hypotension can decrease the flow of blood to the small intestine. This is mainly due to spread in patients with other serious diseases, or atherosclerosis. This type of acute mesenteric ischemia

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    health professionals to assess oral inflammation as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and to activate the dental team as part of the patient care plan. [8] Because chronic systemic inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, and because periodontitis has been shown to contribute to the overall level of systemic inflammation, there have been increasing calls for early interventions that would eliminate oral inflammation and reduce the overall systemic inflammatory

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    In atherosclerosis, fatty material and cholesterol are deposited inside the lumen of medium and large sized blood vessels (arteries). These deposits forms a plague cause the inner surface of the vessels to become narrow, making it harder for blood to flow through

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    What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Snippet: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the arteries leads to the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and reduce blood flow to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. According to statistics, both men and women are affected equally by this condition. However, the prevalence increases as one age. The characteristic symptoms of PAD include-fatigue, heaviness, tiredness, or

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    Cardiovascular disease includes many heart and artery problems including coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death around the world with coronary heart disease leading the way. The main cause of cardiovascular disease is an accumulation of plaque in the arteries which causes them to narrow and harden. This process is called atherosclerosis. The hardening and the narrowing of the arteries leads to high blood pressure, greatly

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    to help you quit, for example with psychological help, drugs and nicotine replacement products. 4. Keep an eye on other health problems. If you suffer from high blood pressure , high cholesterol, diabetes or other diseases that predispose to atherosclerosis, try to keep them in check with your doctor. 5. Keep an eye on your

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    vessels. CVDs also constitute a major chronic disease, which is a leading cause of death not only in India but all over the world. There are many forms of cardio vascular diseases and many of them are interrelated. Some of the diseases are: i) Atherosclerosis ii) Heart attack iii) Chest pain iv) Irregular heart beat v) Congestive heart failure vi) Congenital and rheumatic heart disease vii) Stroke The cardiovascular system is also called the circulatory system and is the system that moves blood throughout

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    1. Give three different examples of the function of blood. -Blood supplies the body with the nutrients that are essential for the body; such as the following: oxygen, glucose, and insulin. - Blood removes the waste products of metabolism, in terms of creatinine, carbon dioxide and urea. -Blood provides a defense mechanism for the white blood cell count and the antibodies. 2. Briefly, describe basic blood composition and what each component consists of. There are three formed elements of blood composition

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    million people died as a result of heart disease. Heart disease is the build up of plaque (fat deposit on the inner walls of the arteries) in the coronary arteries that supply O2 rich blood to the heart muscle, the build up of plaque is called atherosclerosis. Over time passes plaques may harden consequently restricting blood flow or completely blocking the artery. The build up of plaque is directly related to an individuals life style, common risk factors include obesity, high blood cholesterol

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    Nt1330 Unit 5

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    lymphatic system. 16. Tonsillitis is a viral or bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the tonsils. 17. Angioplasty is a surgical procedure to remove the blockage of a blood vessel. 18. Carditis is an inflammation of the heart. 19. Atherosclerosis is a condition where the arteries are blocked with plaque and the blood flow decreases. This can cause heart attacks and strokes. 20. Bradycardia is when the heart beat is slower than normal 21. Cardioplegia is a procedure that is

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    Angina pectoris is not a disease but a symptom of an underlying heart problem. Angina occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either narrowed or blocked, called ischemia. Angina is chest pain and/or discomfort that happens when the heart muscle is not getting enough oxygen rich blood. Angina symptoms are feelings of pressure or squeezing in the chest. It can also cause pain and discomfort in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or the back. Usually angina is caused by coronary heart

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    Without any medical terminology knowledge, one may wonder what is a cerebrovascular accident? The correct response is a stroke. In the United States someone has a CVA once every 40 seconds and is killed every 4 minutes. A stroke could be fatal, but several survive. There are many preventions that can be made to avoid this disease along with knowing the symptoms to know what precautions to take. Furthermore, with today’s advanced technology, there are also many diagnostic tests that help doctors treat

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    in the general population. The characteristic feature of the vessels is calcification- to a large extent the result of hyperparathyroidism in renal disease in peripheral and coronary vessels (Allan J Collins et al., 2003). The extent to which atherosclerosis in such vessels differs from the general population and the efficacy of established treatments such as statins—remains uncertain and unproven. Finally the mode of death in advanced renal disease is atypical, classical myocardial infarction being

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    Home Health and Coronary Heart Disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) has many names. It is sometimes called atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, hardening of the arteries, or simply heart disease. Regardless of its name, coronary heart disease occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries causing them to narrow and harden. The narrow and hardened arteries make it much more difficult for the heart to pump blood through them. Complicating issues, when blood does not move quickly, it can

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    Treatment of Hyperlipidemia with the use of Lipitor The patient AC is a 79 year old white female. She is diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, a chronic condition that results from an excess accumulation of lipids in blood vessels. AC is currently taking Atorvastatin, the generic brand of Lipitor, to treat her high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. She stays active and tries to maintain a healthy diet, but does have other health issues such as hypertension, osteoarthritis, and diabetes. o Discuss biochemical/molecular

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    stroke, which is thrombolytic, occurs when “a blood clot forms in one of the arteries supplying the brain, causing vascular obstruction at the point of its formation” (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). Blood vessels that have been damaged by atherosclerosis, which is a disease involving the walls of a blood vessel, run a higher risk of thrombosis occurring (Atchison & Dirette, 2012, p. 130). The final type of of ischemic stroke is a lacunar stroke. A lacunar stroke are “small infracts, usually lying

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