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    ). This interruption in blood supply to the bone results in necrosis, and the femoral head become flattened due to weight and pressure placed on the bone during normal physical activity (Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, n.d.). View: This is an Anterioposterior view demonstrating the entire pelvis, sacrum, the lumbosacral articulation, both proximal femurs and hip joints. Pathologies seen in the radiograph: There is decreased bone density in the left femoral head, neck, and in the region

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    Paget's Disease of bone is the result of abnormalities in the bone remodeling and breakdown process. This leads to bones within the body becoming quite misshaped and weak. A decrease in the activity of the cells, known as osteoclasts that participate in the breaking down of the bone cell matrix through the release of enzymes and mineral components is a contributing factor to Paget's disease. In addition to low osteoclast activity, the cells that build the extracellular matrix of bone tissue, known as

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    “Impacts of disability on ageing society” Robert Owen, the Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement stated that “In advanced age, and in cases of disability from accident, natural infirmity or any other cause, the individual shall be supported by the colony, and receive every comfort which kindness can administer.” For a long time, disability has become a major issue to the state or all sector of society must pay attention. The people in the

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    INTRODUCTION: The goal of modern prosthodontic in dentistry is to restore normal function, comfort, aesthetic, speech, and health to individuals who are missing teeth. This is because our population is ageing and there is increasing number of individuals being affected, hence the extraction of irrecoverable tooth[1]. However, the more the teeth in the same person is missing, the more challenging this task can become. As a result of continuous research developing various innovative ways of treatments

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    of? The hands are the most complicated part of the arm in structure, having 27 bones (as well as the bone structure in the wrist joint), at the same time as the rest of the arm has only 3 bones. The so much complicated structure of small bones enables the hand a higher degree of elasticity, but it also implies that any injury happened to the hand is very much difficult to deal with, because cracks to these small bones might be not easy to get right, or may has more compilations in surgical treatments

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    that causes the bones to get weaker. With osteoporosis, the bones become thinner, and the normal spaces in bone tissue become larger. This can make the bones weak and cause them to break more easily. People who have osteoporosis are more likely to break their wrist, spine, or hip. Even a minor accident or injury can be enough to break weak bones. Osteoporosis can occur with aging. Your body constantly replaces old bone tissue with new tissue. As you get older, you may lose bone tissue more quickly

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    Muscle Injury Case Study

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    Q 1 -How do you interpret that a muscle injury may play a role in the development of atrophy with aging? any old person is sure that his muscle is weaker than a young person and takes a long time to heal. The term sarcopenia refers to the loss of muscle mass that occurs when the person is getting old . On the basis of study results showing that muscle mass is only moderately related to functional outcomes, international working groups have proposed that loss of muscle strength or physical function

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    Essay On Osteoporosis

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    medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, usually as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D. Osteoporosis is a cause of important morbidity and mortality in postmenopausal women as well as men. In both men and women, increasing age and low bone mineral density (BMD) are the 2 most important independent risk factors. Bone density is at its utmost in our early 20s. But as we age, we can lose bone mass from a variety of factors

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    also known as porous bones is defined as the loss of bone mass in which the density and quality of bones are reduced, leading to bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. It is known as a ‘silent disease’ as the loss of bone occurs without symptoms and progressively. Bone is made of tough, elastic fibers and materials and it is a living tissue that makes up and resorbs bone. Osteoblasts are the cells that make the matrix of the bone while osteoclasts are cells that resorb bone. Both are regulated

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    Essay On Osteoporosis

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    SECTION 1 Osteoporosis is a condition of fragile bones that occurs when the body loses too much bone or makes too little bone. Bone may breaks from a fall or in some serious cases, from sneezing and minor bumps. According to the 1993 Consensus Development Conference, osteoporosis was defined as a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration to fractures (Anonymous, 1993). Based on statistic given by International Osteoporosis Foundation, in the worldwide stage, osteoporosis

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    Erlenmeyer

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    Erlenmeyer flask deformity is an abnormality of the distal femur. Although rare, Erlenmeyer’s flask deformity can also be observed in other long bones, such as, the proximal ends of the humeri and tibiae and in the distal ends of the ulnae and radii. The deformity can occur on both sides of the body or on one side. The name “erlenmeyer flask” is gleaned from German chemist Richard Erlenmeyer’s laboratory flask that has a base shaped like a cone and a narrow, cylindrical neck joined by uncurved edges

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    5. BONE AILMENTS 5.1 FRACTURES A fracture is also known as bone breakage. Bones are mostly unbending, but every now and then they bend or give external force to the body. However, the bones will break if the force applied on it is too strong, just as a plastic ruler breakdowns when it is bent too far. The severity of a fracture is usually determined by the force that caused the break. The bone may fissure rather than break all the way through, if the breaking point of the bone has been exceeded only

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    Osteoporosis Synthesis

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    Osteoporosis is most commonly diagnosed using bone densitometry. Various techniques are available to quantify bone mass but the most accurate and precise is the central dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. This test capable of measuring mineral content at any site in the body. The basic principles of the DXA scan is that beam of x-ray is generated and is allowed to pass through the area of interest which is usually spine or the hip. The density of the bone which usually determined by its calcium

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    Essay On Visual Balance

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    7-1: How does balance impact visual weight? Balance refers to the even distribution of weight in a composition. In artwork that is a sculpture and architecture, the actual weight is material in pounds or kg. In visual weight, the apparent “heaviness” or “lightness” of the shapes and forms arranged in the composition. The visual balance in composition by three ways—symmetrical balance, asymmetrical balance or radial balance. The first type of balance is symmetry; there are several symmetrical balances

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    Access the “Why do things float?” interactive from our Physical Science webpage. It is listed in the “Unit 2” section in the middle column Read the sidebar information on the left side of the screen and answer the following questions in complete sentences on your graph paper: What is the buoyant force? The buoyant force is the upward force that opposes gravity. What is the buoyant force equal to? The buoyant force is equal to the amount of water it displaces. How does Archimedes’ Principle explain

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    Ap Euro Dbq Rock Sample

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    figure out the identity of the rock based only on its density and physical properties. With an experimental process, one will begin to compare and uncover the identity of the rock samples brought back. To begin with, is the experimental process used to determine the identity of the rock. In doing so one will need to discover the density of the rock. By measuring the rock sample with grams per milliliter is a way used to figure out the density. In starting one will need to measure the mass of the

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    to figure that out. Well the thing that makes something float is called density. Density is the weight or mass something has. The weight of salt is the ocean if it was in sodium chloride would be about 120 million tons. Which got me wondering about how much would make an egg float. This floating happens because of all the different masses. Mass is mostly based on how many atoms a substance has. Mass also helps determine density. Another thing mass also determines is volume. The more the mass the more

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    Slope Slope = y2 - y1x2-x1 = 57.47 - 18.7460 - 20 = 38.7340 = 0.96825 g/mL The density graph has been based off all the information in the chart above. All the specific volumes and masses were recorded in this graph, in order to help compare the two and see the difference. In addition to this, a trendline was added in order to calculate the slope of the line. The slope line is a representation of the change in density overtime. More specifically, it shows the change of value in the mass of the water

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    Essay On Osteopenia

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    An Overview Osteopenia refers to bone density that is lower than normal peak density but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. Bone density is a measurement of how dense and strong the bones are. If your bone density is low compared to normal peak density, you are said to have osteopenia. if there is a greater risk that, as time passes, you may develop bone density and become very low compared to normal, known as osteoporosis. Bones naturally become thinner as people grow older

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    you have osteoporosis because of you past diagnosis of osteopenia which is a reduced bone mass with a lesser severity then osteoporosis. Having osteopenia also places you at a greater risk for getting osteoporosis, especially if you were not preventing the loss of bone density. Also because the loss of bone density speeds up with hormone changes during menopause, and women have a natural lower bone peak density, this also puts women at higher risk for osteoporosis. Mrs. Gray I would like to put

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