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    Chemistry 101 Chemistry

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    Many people do not realize that chemistry is a part of our day to day lives. One specific thing we see on a daily basis is the colors and paint people use in paintings, on buildings, and any other place paint could be. When this paint is developed, the people who make it have to decide exactly what the compound should be made up of. This is an important thing to consider when making these paints because as discussed in Chemistry 101 lab, compounds are different things that develop one item, in this

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    Chemistry is the branch of science that deals with the composition, structure and changes in matter. You are a product of chemistry, apparently, everything is! From the tiniest grain of sand to the heavenly bodies in the universe, the stars, the planets, they are products of chemistry, can you even envision a world without chemistry? Of course, you can’t, your mind is a product of chemistry too! It is also used in daily human activities, such as cooking. But even though I have stated some its uses

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    Mercury In Chemistry

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    7439-97-6 Atomic Number 80 Relative Atomic Mass 200.59 Density 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C Melting point -38.87°C Boiling point 356.73°C Electronic shell [ Xe ] 4f14 5d10 6s2 Lattice Structure Rhombohedral Electronegativity 2.0 on the Pauling scale CHEMISTRY OF MERCURY Relatively to other metals,

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    Chemistry IA Background information: Introduction: Electrolysis it’s a chemical process that when you pass an electric current into a solution or a liquid that contains ions to separate substances back to their original form. The main components that are required for electrolysis to take a place are:  Electrolyte: it’s a substance that when dissolved in water it ionize and then it will contain free moving ions and without these moving ions the process of electrolysis won’t take place.  Direct

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    The isomers which can be inter converted solely by rotation about formally single bonds in a form of stereoisomerism in chemistry studies are defined as conformational isomers. This phenomenon in chemistry is called as conformational isomerism. Conformational isomers are stereoisomers which arise from the rotation about sigma (σ) bond (single bond). It is usually fast interconverting in room temperature, causing in different arrangements of atoms in three-dimension space. The isomers which created

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    Organic Chemistry Lab

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    Identification of Unknown Solutions and Ammonium Salts preAice Chemistry Lab Report Descriptions of unknown solutions: Unknown Descriptions A Clear, colorless, odorless liquid. B Clear, colorless, odorless liquid. C Clear, red-brown, odorless liquid D Clear, yellow-orange, odorless liquid. Observations of unknown solutions: Unknown NaOH HNO3 & AgNO3 Diluted HNO3 & BaCl2 HCl A No reaction (+)Yellow ppt. formed Did not test (+)Effervescence (bubbles) B No reaction

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    Calcium is a chemical element, that has the symbol Ca. Its atomic number is 20. Calcium is an alkali-earth metal, which means it builds oxides, that react with water. It's natural state in solid. Calcium's melting point is 842°C, 1548°F, 1115 K and boiling point is 1484°C, 2703°F, 1757 K. Calcium is a silver-white soft metal, that reacts to halogens, water, and acid. This metal was first discovered by a man called Humphry Davy, in 1808 through the process of electrolysis while doing a mixture

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    Theoretical chemistry is an insightful mathematical tool to understand experimental facts and provide conceptual directions to experimentalists. The discovery of theoretical concepts came after several experimentations and attempts. Earlier progress of theoretical chemistry was narrowed due to the limitation of computational facility. The growth in the empower of electronic computers and softwares have increased the inability to unfold the problems of vigorous calculations into easier forms and enabled

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    Sodium carbonate (molecular formula: Na2CO3), is the water soluble sodium salt of carbonate. The pure product appears as a while, odorless powder with a strong alkaline taste. It has high hygroscopicity. It can be easily dissolved in water to form an aqueous solution with moderate alkalinity Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate) is chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is

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    Exp. 10 - The Chemistry of Natural Waters David Graves 11/10/15 CHEM 111 Section 104 TA: Lai Shi Group Members: Jasmine Graves, Brad Hensler, Peter Hoholick Introduction Experiment 10: The Chemistry of Natural Waters investigates the topic known as water hardness. Hardness is a chemical property of water that evaluates the concentration of dissolved divalent cations such as Ca and Mg, which happen to be the two ions that are tested for in the experiment. Hardness can be measured

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    For the last 5 decades, electronics coupled with organic chemistry has been an area of great research interest, especially in physics and chemistry. Until a few years ago, this topic was thought to have no practical approach and was believed to be just research-oriented. Modification of chemical structures so that they can in a way enhance the properties of these when used for electronic applications- especially as a thin film has gained major impetus. It was always thought that organics would soon

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    Because of limitless industrial importance of PUs, hence need to study diisocyanate chemistry briefly and understand the properties and their reactivity. Mainly the isocynates are highly reactive and allow to forming urethane groups without any by-products formation. This isocyanates contains two or more –NCO functional groups for one molecule

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    many access to tailor the molecule suitably for wide range of applications in medicinal,[1] synthetic,[2] and applied chemistry.[3] The fluorine has the special topic of interest among the chemists as its introduction into the organic molecules leads to a dramatic changes in their physical and chemical properties.[4] The recent activities show a remarkable growth in fluorine chemistry as the chemists practiced to do polishing the organic molecules with fluorine to improve their properties, leading

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    Background Information In this lab KCl, NaCl, and a mixture of MgCl2 and NaCl are the independent variables that all lower the freezing point of water. Ice is used as the controlled variable because it is what the salts are lowering the freezing point of. Salt (Na) weakens intermolecular forces of water, thus lowering the the freezing point. This is why in colder climates where icy roads and walkways are a liability, salt is often scattered over areas that are slick with frozen water. Ions (particles

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    6.03 Chemistry Test

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    TEST: SOLUTIONS, ACIDS, AND BASES MULTIPLE CHOICE Select the answer that best completes the statement or that correctly answers the question. 1. The salt in water (only the solid) is the __________. a. Solvent c. Solute b. Solution d. Concentrate 2. The water in salty water (only the water) is the __________. a. Solvent c. Solute b. Solution d. Concentrate 3. A mixture of salt and water is knows as: a. Solvent c. Solute b. Solution d. Concentrate 4. What do you call a solution that contains

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    6.03 Chemistry Lab

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    1. 150 ml of boiled water was poured into each of the three beakers labeled A, B, C. 2. Five tea bags were soaked for the time given by the manufacturer (two minutes) , in beaker A (Control). The teabags were immediately removed after the time elapsed. 3. Another five tea bags were soaked for fifteen seconds in beaker B and then removed. The same teabags were then placed into beaker C for two minutes. They were removed after the time elapsed. 4. The solutions were allowed to cool to room temperature

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    can be a hazard to the students. Equipment and Materials the following equipment’s were required in the experiment: Equipment Reason for Choosing it 50 cm³ of HCL of varying concentrations I chose 50cm³ as a starting point, The different concentrations will be : 1.5, 1 and 2 M 0.06g of magnesium I chose 0.06 grams and it will have a length of 3 centimeters. Magnesium ribbon is an efficient way to check the rate of reaction. Pipette I am using a pipette to measure out the quantities for collecting

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    Alchemy was the basis of Chemistry during the Renaissance. There were three goals that the Alchemists strived for; transforming lesser base metals into gold, producing an exilir of life that enabled humans to live forever, and changing solids into gas without going through the state of liquid. These goals were the main concepts of Alchemy. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Alchemy was the main science, similar to a superstition, and it was taught in three stages. Alchemists believed that God

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    Chemistry IA – Kinetic Experiments Practice Internal Assessment Investigating the relationship between KI concentration and its rate of reaction with H2O2, which is measured using a spectrophotometer. Research Question How will changing the concentration of KI affect its rate of reaction with hydrogen peroxide? Calculated as inverse of time taken for the blue-black coloration of tri-iodide ion and starch solution, measured using a spectrophotometer. Introduction: The rate of reaction of a chemical

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    In organic and inorganic chemistry, nucleophilic substitution reactions are the most well studied and useful class of reactions. These reactions can occur by a range of mechanisms, the two studied in this lab are the SN1 and SN2 reactions. In a nucleophilic substitution, the nucleophile is a electron rich chemical species which attacks the positive charge of an atom to replace a leaving group. Since nucleophiles donate electrons, they are defined as Lewis bases. The positive or partially positive

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