Corporate crime Essays

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Corporate crime Essays

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    Corporate crime is a form of fraud that is closely related to “white-collar crime,” which takes place in business organizations and other corporate institutions such as banks, manufacturing industries, and non-governmental organizations. Unlike organized crime which may involve illegal street activities such as kidnappings and cross-border operations like drug trafficking, corporate crime involves “clean jobs” like manipulation of accounting records by finance officers, insider trading, misappropriation

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    Corporate Criminal Liability is defined as Corporations, just like individuals, can be tried and convicted of committing crimes if managers, directors or even ordinary workers commit the crimes. There are two types: strict liability and vicarious liability (Kadian-Baumeyer, Kat). Capital punishment, also called death penalty, execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense. Capital punishment should be distinguished from extrajudicial executions

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    Defining the meaning of corporate crime and describing its features will allow for a comparison with conventional crime. This will require a detailed description of conventional crimes and examples which will enable me to demonstrate how corporate crime differs from conventional crime and how corporate crime challenges the conventional definitions of crime. Corporate Crime The key to understanding a corporate crime is having a description which is ‘illegal acts or omissions, punishable by the state

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    Discussion Organizational crime refers to crime committed on behalf of and for the benefit of a legitimate organization. Corporate (business) crime is a type of organizational crime committed in free enterprise economies and thus involves criminal activity on behalf of and for the benefit of a private business or corporation. Corporate crime takes many forms, including price fixing, kickbacks, commercial bribery, tax violations, fraud against government, and crimes against consumers, to mention a

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    Crime is a conduct that is prohibited by law and must have a severe sanction that is directed at a public purpose. White-collar and corporate crime is a type of crime that is committed by middle and upper class people about their business activities. Sutherland defined white-collar crime as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation (textbook). Rational choice theory is the result of cautious choices made by offenders based on their intentions

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    bankruptcy due to unethical accounting practices. Enron saw their stock climb in the years 1999 and 2000 by 56% and 87% respectively. However, within a year Enron’s fell from glory and the stock price dropped less than $1. “Despite [an] elaborate corporate governance network, Enron was able to attract large sums of capital to fund a questionable business model, conceal its true performance through a series of accounting and financing maneuvers, and hype its stock to unsustainable levels” (Healy and

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    Two major cases that have had a major impact on our individual lives or society in terms of criminology, our cases of Enron, graffiti and fraternity crime in Bloomington Indiana. These cases have similarities along with differences that ‘’mirror’’ each other respectively, they challenge the structure of the criminal justice system by showing the public its strengths and weaknesses. First, “In Enron case, the company would build an asset, such as a power plant, and immediately claim the projected

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    Shiva Chhetri Mariya and Carli Amber Randall 9:00-9:50am 03/02/2018 OUTSOURCING IS GOOD Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that outsourcing is a good practice and is also beneficial to the American market. Central Idea: When talking about outsourcing the general consensus seems to be that it is a bad practice and is non-ethical. However, few understand the real benefits that come from this practice past the idea that it is a taboo in our country. Introduction I. (Attention Getter)

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    Money Laundering Crime

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    Financial crimes or notably known as white-collar crimes refers widely to nonviolent crimes committed by business professionals. Financial crimes have a deep impact on the society as it affects the economy and the stability of a country. It is a gateway of sourcing criminal activities like mafia operations, drug trafficking, illegal arms dealing and terrorist financing. Financial crimes ca be in the form of credit card fraud, insider trading and money laundering. Money laundering is a large scale

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    In order to talk about corporate criminal liability, we must demonstrate that the success of the establishment of this liability resulted from its acceptance and recognition as a significant aspect in the fight against crime. This recognition resulted from numerous debates over many years about corporate criminal liability. The successful implementation of corporate criminal liability depends on determining its appropriate scope, including liability at all stages of legal existence from incorporation

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    1. In the early 1970’s sociologist Jack Katz (1980b) argued that the social movement that was against white collar crime in the United States emerged during that period and it was the most substantial attack on white collar crime since the early 20th century progressive movement. Which brought together the moral populist, muckraking journalist and organizations of civic minded concerned about the excesses and outrages of big business. This movement was in part one response to disillusionment with

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    similar to natural persons but they continue to be able to hide behind complex corporate structures to evade the liability of natural persons under the criminal law. Corporations continue to cause severe injury to individuals, groups and the natural environment through their actions. Their ability to abuse power and evade criminal liability reveals their current privileged position in comparison to individuals. Corporate criminal liability started with non-feasance offences and

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    White Collar Crimes (INSERT AUTHOR HERE) (INSERT DATE HERE) (INSERT INSTITUTION HERE) 1 Since the term “white collar crime” was introduced to American society by Edwin H. Sutherland in 1939, criminologists have worked to build upon the original definition in hopes of producing terminology better suited to the multifaceted nature associated with the original subject. As noted by Gottschalk and Rundmo (2014), Sutherland’s original definition of white-collar crime was “a crime committed by

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    *Short Writimg Assignment:- Thoroughly analyze the term "white collar crime."  How has the meaning of this phrase developed and changed through the years since it was first introduced by Edwin Sutherland in 1939.  As described Piquero & Clipper (2014), white collar wrongdoing alludes to fiscally inspired peaceful wrongdoing carried out by business and government professionals.[1] Within criminology, it was initially characterized by humanist Edwin Sutherland in 1939 as "a wrongdoing submitted by

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    smaller kinds of insects, so to speak, but lets the big bumblebees break through by using technicalities. Corporate wrongs or white collar crimes until recently was understood as the crime of persons of high respectability committed during the course of carrying out their legitimate duties. The above statements resonate the general perception and the enforcement of the law in respect of corporate wrongs by the majority of the society especially the middle and lower class. However, the events of the

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    The opponents of corporate criminal liability have asserted that the recognition of such liability violates the principle of personal punishment, which is one of the fundamental principles of criminal law. The principle of personal punishment requires punishment to be limited to the person who committed the crime only. Corporate criminal liability requires personal fault from a representative or employee. As the corporation is the default entity (inanimate), personal fault cannot be assigned

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    Financial cost of white collar crime is several times as great as financial cost of all the crime is because crime would be committed by a person that has high status in his occupation. By having a high status in the occupation give him the right and authority to access to huge amount of funds and made most of the decision in the organisation, decision that was made by him will severely impact on the company reputation, business and financial. One of the good example was the `ponzi’ scheme which

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    Many people don’t recognize white collar crime as a crime. For some reason, they do not think white Collar crime as illegal. As it is a non-violent crime and have no direct damage to people. Even if white collar crime is non-violent crime, it affects a lot to consumers, corporate, and economy. Nevertheless, unlike its recognition white collar crime deals with the money, white collar crime affect a lot to society. White collar crime are criminal acts that are enacted by people during the course of

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    on the doctrine of respondeat superior, or vicarious liability, which is a form of strict liability. 1. The Duality of Corporate and Individual Criminal Liability Statutes that expose a corporation to criminal liability do not absolve the officers, employees, or agents whose violations lead to the corporation’s plight. Courts have noted that, “No intent to exculpate a corporate officer who violates the law is to be imputed to Congress without clear compulsion.” 2. Direct Responsibility A corporation

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    or managers of many companies. The corporate personality of a company is different and separate from the agents, directors or owners of the company. This is a generally known principle in law and has its source in one of the well-known case of Salomon v. Salomon . In this case, the Court held that the corporate entity is different from the people who are in the business of running of the company. The breach of this principle results to “Lifting of the Corporate Veil” where the shareholders or creditors

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