Electron Essays

  • Electrons And Protons Essay

    918 Words  | 4 Pages

    substance in the universe. They are made up of 3 subatomic particles called protons, neutrons and electrons. Protons have a positive charge, neutrons have no charge and electrons have a negative charge. Neutrons and protons are approximately similar in size as they both have an atomic mass of 1. His mass is relative to an element on the period table called carbon, which consists of an atom with 12 protons. Electrons however, are much lighter than protons and neutrons. In fact, they are 1837 times lighter

  • Electrons In Metals Lab Report

    842 Words  | 4 Pages

    Electrons in Metals Fallyn Walker 14423422 An electron is a negatively charged, sub atomic particle. It is a fermion, a particle named after the Fermi-Dirac statistics, which describes the electrons behaviour . Bohr proposed that the electron could move from orbitals. This could explain the spectrum for hydrogen but failed for other elements. The electron has a half integer spin, which leads to intrinsic angular momentum, a feature that all fermions possess. Pauli’s Exclusion principle states that

  • Comparison Of Sodium And Valence Electrons

    503 Words  | 3 Pages

    radius than lithium because it has a higher principle quantum number and it’s electrons occupy more subshells. Because sodium and lithium are in the same group they both have 1 valence electron, but sodium has its outermost electron at n=3, and lithium’s outermost electron is at n=2, so sodium will have a larger radius despite effective nuclear charge. 1b. Magnesium has a smaller radius than sodium because it’s valence electrons have a stronger net attraction to the nucleus. Although magnesium and sodium

  • Bohr's Atomic Model And The Electron Cloud Model

    1723 Words  | 7 Pages

    Bohr’s atomic model and the Electron cloud model which were both made in the early 1900s . In 1913 the Danish physicist Niels Bohr had created Bohr’s atomic model showing the atom and how it was structured. Bohr’s atomic model was the first known model of an atom that incorporated the quantum theory and also was the predecessor for the wholly quantum- mechanical models that were constructed many years later. Before 1913 it was thought of that an atom had a nucleus with electrons orbiting around it in

  • Chemistry: A Case Study Of Hydrogen Electron

    752 Words  | 4 Pages

    1 The hydrogen atom has one electron which can occur in 3s, 3p and 3d and since it is one electron it experiences the same nuclear charge (full nuclear charge). The effective nuclear charge felt by more than one electron in an orbital is not the same. This is due to electrons have the same charges, thus repel each other and shield the nucleus. Helium has two electrons; hence electrons repel each other and shield the nucleus. Additionally, the 1s orbital is close to the nucleus as compared to 3s

  • Pre-Ap Physical Science: The Importance Of Electrons

    507 Words  | 3 Pages

    Dylan Clayton Mrs. Beckwith Pre-Ap Physical Science 9 7 December 2015 The Importance of Electrons Electrons are the negatively charged subatomic particles that revolve the center, nucleus, of an atom. They are arranged in different energy levels and they orbit around the nucleus like the Earth revolves around the Sun. Electrons are important in atoms, compounds, and chemical bonds involved in chemical reactions. These subatomic particles have importanance to the organization of elements into

  • Why Do Electrons In An Atom Occupy Different Energy Levels

    357 Words  | 2 Pages

    The electrons in an atom occupy different energy levels. When all of the electrons are at the lowest possible energy level they are said to be in the ground state. Sometimes they can be promoted to a higher-energy electron shell. First, the electron can absorb a photon of just the right amount of energy to move it from one quantum shell to another. Second, when atoms are heated their electrons can gain energy from the heat. When an electron is in a higher-energy shell it is said to be in an

  • Scanning Electron Microscope Experiment Results

    853 Words  | 4 Pages

    The purpose of this lab was to implement the use of a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to examine and analyze metal samples that were subject to different failure tests. These failure tests included tensile tests, impact tests, and fatigue tests. SEM’s are useful because they provide a 3D view of the surface of the material, which improves the ability to examine the failure type at a microscopic level. In addition to this, the resolving power of a SEM is much stronger than that of a standard microscope

  • Atomic Structure Website Notes

    379 Words  | 2 Pages

    Notes Important terms 1: Proton Positive charged atom 2: Neutron Neutral charged atom 3: Electrons Negative charged atom 4: Nucleus center part of the atom (with protons and neutrons) 5: Electron shell The valence area where the electrons are located 6: Electromagnetic force One of the four fundamental forces that changes electrons to nucleus 7: Photon Basic Unit of light 8: Ion Atom that lost or gained an electron. Which becomes either negatively or positively charged Atoms Atoms contains a nucleus

  • Positively Charged Protron

    426 Words  | 2 Pages

    creating charges, friction, conduction, and induction. An electron is a negative charged particle, a proton is a positively charged particle, and a neutron is a particle that has no charge A nuclear force, between a proton and neutron stick together to form a nucleus. The neutron inside of the nucleus has no charge, so it’s considered positive because it combines together with the protons, which is positively charged. The negative charged electron orbit around the nucleus because the force attraction

  • Why Do Elements Go Down A Family

    594 Words  | 3 Pages

    larger. Since the energy level is increasing, the screening level also increases. This means that the electrons are blocked and are held more loosely than other electrons closer to the nucleus. This causes the atom to be larger. As atoms go down a family, they become more metallic. Since they are becoming more metallic, the atoms want to lose electrons and therefore don’t hold the electrons as tightly, also making the atom larger. Typically as elements go across a series, they decrease in

  • Electron Transport Chain

    1329 Words  | 6 Pages

    By interrupting the electron transport chain (ETC) with ferricyanide, the efficiency with which various substrates of the mitochondrial metabolic reactions were used by isolated mitochondria was measured. As shown in Fig. 1, succinate and, especially, fumarate were the most effective substrate for the ETC based on the rate of ETC. The other substrates were clearly insignificantly used in the process comparing to these two substrates, with glutamate and ß-hydroksybutirate as the least used substrates

  • Chemical Bond Research Paper

    765 Words  | 4 Pages

    9-B A chemical bond is form with the joining of two or more atoms (when two atoms are joined they form molecules and compounds.) Which are being held together by the attraction (force attraction) of atoms through sharing as well as exchanging electrons. Chemical bonds are found in molecules, crystals, or in solid metals. They also organized the atoms in order structures. But why are they important you may ask? They’re important because every material or substance in the world depends on chemical

  • Identify The Elements That Determine The Bond Between Metals And Nonmetals

    993 Words  | 4 Pages

    the structure and arrangement of these atoms which determine the specific element, isotope and state. Each atoms is comprised protons, neutrons and electrons. The protons and the neutrons form the nucleus of the atom whilst the electrons orbit this nucleus in ‘shells’. The number of protons determine the element, the neutrons the isotope, and the electrons the charge. These atoms can be bonded together in one of three ways. Either metallic, ionic or covalent bonding. Metallic bonding only occurs in

  • Ionic Bonding Research Paper

    650 Words  | 3 Pages

    essential to the formation of the world that we know today. The first type of bond involves the transfer of electrons from one atom to the next. This type of bond is known as Ionic bond and occurs between a metal and a nonmetal atom. These bonds are typically stronger than covalent bonds and involve atoms that have a large difference in their electronegativity or their ability to attract electrons. As a result of their strong bonds these molecules have a high boiling and melting point, a high polarity

  • Ionic Bonds

    580 Words  | 3 Pages

    Electron arrangement and trends in properties shielding the other electrons from the charge of the nucleus. As a result of this the other electrons are more strongly attracted to the nucleus, and the radius of the atom gets smaller. When an electron is added to an atom, forming an anion, the added electron repels other electrons, resulting in an increase in the size of the atom. In regards to the trend size of ionic radii is due to shielding of the outermost electrons by the inner-shell electrons

  • Chemistry: Covalent Bonding

    998 Words  | 4 Pages

    A covalent bond, which is also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. “In a covalent bond, a tug of war for electrons takes place between the atoms, bonding the atoms together.”(Wilbraham et al 237). “The representative units shown for oxygen nitrous oxide are called molecules.”(Wilbraham et al, 237). A group of atoms that are

  • Gatorade Battery Report

    693 Words  | 3 Pages

    electricity is simply the flow of electrons. Before electricity can be understood, the makeup atoms has to be understood. A nucleus is the dense centre of an atom. A nucleus consists

  • Thomson Atomic Model

    1135 Words  | 5 Pages

    until 1897 when Joseph John Thomson discovered the electrons which has a huge impact of the existing atomic model of Dalton. From his cathode ray experiment, he learned and discussed about the existence of electrons. Cathode ray experiment explored on cathode ray tubes which are vacuum tubes that consist of one electrode one each side of the tube, altogether consisting of two electrodes, when one of the electrodes or the “cathode” launches electron at the other electrode or “anode”, the voltage is

  • Explain The Evidence To Support The Structure Of The Atom

    739 Words  | 3 Pages

    all at once, rather it was continually built upon by a number of physicists throughout the years. A recent, previously accepted model of the atom was devised by JJ Thompson. He theorised that the atom consisted of a number of negatively charged electrons embedded within a sea of positive charge which could all move around freely, thusly named, the “Plum Pudding Model”; owing to its aesthetic similarity to the dessert. (Figure 1) It wasn’t until Ernest Rutherford’s gold foil experiment that a better