Introduction The gender pay gap has long been investigated and it is hard to pinpoint exactly why there is a gap between the amounts of money that men earn the amount of money earned by women. There are so many factors that go into why someone is paid more than someone else that it could be said because of so many of these factors that a wage gap does not exist at all. Throughout the paper wage gap will be explored and how choices both men and women make factor into the pay gap. Also how a wage gap may not exist and it all lies in choices made by both genders, but the most common idea of discrimination towards women could also be a factor in pay differences.
The word “equality” represents having the same measure, quantity, or amount as another that is identical in value. In the United States, gender equality and equal pay are substantial controversies that affect women and their lives. Wage inequalities do not only affect women while they are employed, they “...follow women into their retirement years, reducing their Social Security benefits, pensions, savings and other financial resources” (Women Deserve Equal Pay), that essentially affects the entirety of their lives. It is often perceived that women cannot achieve the same success in the workplace as men, and therefore should have less rights. The United States government should induct a law directed to gender equality due to the fact that it
“When women succeed, America succeeds” ~President Barack Obama Imagine being a hard-working woman with a successful career and a well-known name. Now imagine making 0.07% of what your male counterpart is making. Unfortunately, in today's world, imagining this is not impossible, seeing as though it is happening right now in Hollywood.
Gender Pay Gap The wage gap disparity against women and racial groups is extremely important to acknowledge because it is a violation of equal rights. Not only unequal pay disparity against women is discrimination, but it also discriminatory based on race. The pay gap also affects the economy and society. How does unequal gender pay affect society, women would not feel discriminate and the economy will be better. Poverty levels for all working women would be cut in half, falling from 8.0 percent to 3.8 percent (Institute for Women’s Policy Research).
The Dark Secrets about the Gender Pay Gap Biased. Cruel. Discriminatory. These are the words describing the gender pay gap that affects the nearly 1.5 billion adult women (ages 25 - 54) across the world.
In today’s society we are faced with a controversial decision on whether or not we have a gender wage gap or a gender earnings gap. Many companies are faced with a gender wage gap while just as many see a genders earning gap or even nothing at all. Within Whitley County, where I live, both of these situation are presented. When looking at all the factors going into pay they include skill, effort, responsibility, working conditions, and establishment (Facts About Equal Pay). While society is split on whether a gender pay gap does exist or not, society still strives for changes to occur, less discrimination in the workplace, and how gender sometimes takes a toll in the workplace.
2.0 The Past of The Gender Pay Gap 2.1 History of The Gender Pay Gap Gender pay gap has started from a long time ago. As a result of the huge number of American women having occupations in the war industries amid World War II, the National War Labor Board prompted managers in 1942 to deliberately make "alterations which even out wage or pay rates paid to females with the rates paid to males for similar quality and amount of work on the same or comparable operations." However, at the war's end most women were pushed out of their new employments to prepare for returning veterans. Until the early 1960s, newspapers distributed separate occupations postings for men and women. Occupations were classified by sex, with the higher level job positions posted solely under "Help Wanted—Male."
What is the gender wage gap? Have you ever heard that women get paid less than men? What do you think when you hear that? Do you think it’s because women choose to work at lower paying jobs? Or is it because women are more likely than men to work part-time?
Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970.
I. Introduction The gender pay gap is currently a prominent issue for women in Europe as will be demonstrated in the subject to be explored; equal pay rights. Across the EU Member States the scale of the percentage of gender pay gap (GPG) varies widely. However, due to national legislation and efficacy this changes have been created in the way women earn. This essay will examine the debate of gender equality in the work space and the ways in which women can be protected by equal pay rights.
The Gender Wage Gap Sex discrimination. Non- equal pay. Just disgraceful. The gender wage gap is becoming a serious problem in the world. Since the 1900’s there has been an ongoing problem with the difference men and women are paid while doing the same job.
From birth, men and women were born equal to one another. Both genders have the ability to share the same opportunities, and achieve whatever desires they choose in life. In our current society as well as the past, this does not entirely follow through. “Gender is a social construct that specifies the socially and culturally appropriate roles that men and women are to play” (Kearl 2011). Going along that “it is one of the most universal measures upon which status is based (Kearl 2011).
The gender pay gap is the difference between earnings made by men and earnings by women. The Gender pay gap is generally due to various reasons, such as differences discrimination in hiring process, differences in negotiations for pay, differences in education choices, differences in the jobs men can go compare to women can’t easily go for. Some factors that cause the gender pay gap: • Women leave and re-enter the workforce to meet their family and children expectations • Low pay for some jobs, like childcare due to historical trends that continue • Lower educational levels of women due to traditions • Discrimination in the hiring process, compensation and promotion at workplace.
The truth regarding the gender pay gap is that it affects females from different backgrounds, ages, races and educational levels. This ongoing issue does not seem likely to go away on its own. Women, who are as equally trained and educated, with the same experience as men are not getting equal pay. In today’s society, stereotypes are generated concerning women’s capabilities and this result in discrimination. Gender discrimination in work circumstances takes on many different forms; ranging from different payments between men and women who perform the same duties equally as well as when the income of men and women and retirement savings are stacked up against their health care cost and life expectancies, women are much farther behind than men are.
“Overall, women are paid 80 cents for every man’s dollar” (Ness n.pg.) One of the most prevalent topics in the last decade men and women alike have been actively working for equality in this pay disparity, and fighting to eliminate this discrimination against women. It is true a gap exists in the earnings between men and women; however, there are too many factors left out of the statistic to be as simple as discrimination. Employment statistics have shown that throughout history humans of different gender and race have different tendencies in the workplace, and jobs they choose. That is why the Gender Wage Gap does not have to do with gender discrimination because of such factors as specific occupation choices, average hours worked, and average
In 2010, President Obama addressed the issue of the gender wage gap in a written statement that stated “even in 2010, women make only 77 cents for every dollar that men earn”. The president also put pressure on the committee to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act that gives women the right to sue their employees if they’re not being paid the same as men, provided they have the same skills, experience and education. The act takes immediate steps to narrow down the wage gap, if it actually existed. Nevertheless, despite that bill being passed, many argue that the wage gap is a result of “sex discrimination”. They believe in this part of the world, women are drawing even with men in terms of education and experience, yet men are paid more and do better
I believe that gender inequality is one of the most serious topics that is taken under consideration in this modern day society. According to Wikipedia the definition of gender inequality is the unequal way society is treating each other based on their gender (1). Men and women face gender inequality every single day, but most are in the shadows of how badly this affects both genders and not just women. Each country faces many different variations of gender inequality from social expectations to domestic abuse. Some cases may be more recognized compared to others but that does not mean it is not just as important, but it is just not as publicized.
The Gender Pay Gap in the United States For centuries, women have been subject to many different types of inequalities. Consequently, they are subjects of disadvantages every day. From politics, economics, education, and even health care, gender inequality exists everywhere. One of the biggest problems this causes is a distribution of wealth between men and women. Even though this has been a persistent issue to date, there has been little talk of change.
Discrimination in all forms has been a persistent issue since a very long time; whether it is ethnicity, gender or physical appearance. One important discrimination that people face everyday, is in the workplace. Women earn 79- cents for every dollar a man earns. “An awful lot of times people will say there is no income gap”(Puzzanghera), but there is. Women being equally qualified and skilled for the same job a man does is paid less than him.
“Honestly, I don’t understand what there is to argue about,” Matthew stated, shrugging. He acted as if his opinion was the only one that mattered. “Matthew, there is a lot to argue about. You say the gender pay gap doesn’t exist, but it obviously does! Did you know that a woman only earns 77 cents for every dollar that a man does?
Imagine being a hard-working woman with a successful career and a well-known name. Now picture making 0.07% of what your male counterpart is making. Unfortunately, in today's world, envisioning this is not impossible, seeing as though it is happening right now in Hollywood. Michelle Williams, a famous actress known for The Greatest Showman, made merely $1,000 when asked to reshoot certain scenes from the movie All The Money In The World. To Mark Wahlberg, William’s counterpart and equally accredited actor with numerous famous movies in his repertoire such as Ted, these reshoots added 1.5 million dollars to his bank account.
Gender Pay Gaps Introduction Gender pay gap by definition is the earning differences between women and men in paid employment in labor market. It is one of the many indicators of gender inequality in a country when examining labor market participation in terms of gender (OECD). The study “Global Employment Trends for Women” published by the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2018 provides current information about the global gender pay gap. When looking at the decline or increase in the pay gap between women and depend all on the data available and change between regions and countries.
Gender equality: the pinnacle concept that American society is not-so desperately trying to achieve. Many Americans have convinced themselves that gender equality was remedied by the Nineteenth Amendment and the Second Feminist Movement, and have not considered the thousands of steps that are left on the journey. In recent years, a matter of public interest has been the gender wage gap, stating that women are earning significantly less money than men for doing an equivalent amount of work. Critics of the effort to “break the glass ceiling” claim that a pay gap does not exist, and that if it does, it is because women either do not work as hard, have to tend to their families, or hold lower paying jobs. However, the gender pay gap has been proven to exist in a variety of different forms,
For hundreds of years women have fought for equality. For jobs, education, the right to vote, or even the right to earn the same pay as men – something that women in 2015 are still fighting for. Wage gap – two words, seven letters, and two syllabuses’. Who ever thought something that’s spelled so simply could cause chaos around the globe. I bet you’re wondering, “What is ‘the wage gap’?”
What is the meaning of gender gap in earnings? Well according to Webster’s dictionary it is the differences between women and men, especially as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. Some variables such as race, age and education affect the earnings ratio between both genders. Studies demonstrate that women consistently earn less than men across numerous demographic variables. Increase in women’s earnings relative to men’s can be attributed to either increases in the real earnings of women, declines in the earnings of men, or both operating at the same time.
The Gender Wage Gap Did you know that women would have to stay at least ten more years in the workforce to earn the same amount as men? All through history, discrimination has been a constant blight on human existence; whether it is race, gender, or religion. Unfortunately, when both genders have the same experience, are equally trained, and possess the same degree the pay is not equal. Women and men are not treated equally in the workplace, even though it is the twenty-first century.
When it comes to sexual health there are significant gender inequalities, according to Irish Family Planning Association (IFPA) more women contract STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) from men than vice versa, therefore the risk is much higher for woman (IFPA, HIV/AIDS & Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights). Women are also at risk of RTIs (Reproductive Transmitted Infections). Sexuality is a social construct by those dominant in society. The dominant group in most societies is heterosexual men.
It is said that because of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the gender wage gap no longer exists. Studies today show that the gender wage gap is still very much alive. In the 6th edition of Women’s Voices, Feminist Visions: Classic and Contemporary Readings written by Susan M. Shaw and Janet Lee, Shaw and Lee explain, “the gender wage gap is an index of the status of women’s earnings relative to men’s and is expressed as a percentage and is calculated by diving the median annual earnings for women by the median annual earnings for men” (Shaw and Lee 497). Data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics in 2010 showed the ratio of women’s to men’s annual earnings were 77%. This means for every dollar a man made, a woman made 77 cents.
Wages are given as the price of labor for the work done by an individual, and the reward for the investment on the human capital of the worker. However, despite the rise in equal opportunity employers and feminist movements upholding equality in the workplace, there is still a large disparity in the wages received by workers based on one’s sex. Borjas (2005) stated that wage inequality can be explained by the difference in productivity of workers and the rate of return of skills. This wage inequality is manifested in the wage gap and is usually seen between sexes and among various races.
Canadian women earned 87 cents to every dollar made by men in 2015, according to Statistics Canada in a statement released on International Women’s Day. This statement was released to show how today’s wage gap has improved compared to the 77 cents women made to every man’s dollar in 1981 (CBC News). It’s meant to represent an improvement and is supposed to be a good thing, yet it is not. Why? Because this statistic should not even exist in the first place.
It may be 2018, but the gender pay gap is still here, why is that? Women have been and still are getting a lower pay than men to do the same job. Women are doing equal if not more work, but somehow make less. The following paragraphs will explain what is happening today like the fact that over time men 's pay increases more than women 's does. Besides that I will also mention that not just white women make less than men other cultures make even less than them, and I also will share real people speaking up about them being paid less than men.
The Olympics was named after the place where the games were first hosted, Olympia, Greece. The ancient Olympic games were created by Hercules, the son of Zeus, and Alcmene, a mortal woman. These games were known as the most famous sporting event in ancient Greece, that were hosted every four year, as a way to worship and honor the powerful Zeus, the king of all gods. These games continued for more than 1000 years; however, the first recorded Olympic games were in 776 BCE. This was before, Theodosius I, a Roman Emperor, abolished the Games in 393 CE, because of the certain people and groups obtaining different religions, and trying to spread their religion.
Please describe your personal perspective and values about people who are different from yourself. This could include differences of race/ethnicity, culture, spiritual tradition, age, (dis)ability, socio-economic status, sexual orientation or gender identity. Please provide at least one example when you would put these values in action.” I am an open minded and nonjudgmental person. I personally feel you cannot be in the social work field if you are judgmental person.
Bobbit-Zeher states four identifying factors related to education which she accredits to the existence of the gap, “Gender differences on four of these measures, in particular, are implicated in the gender income gap: (1) choice of a college major, (2) skills as measured by standardized tests, (3) amount of education, and (4) selectivity of the college attended (Bobbit-Zeher, 2007, p. 4). This article is valuable in pointing out early factors which help to perpetuate the gender gap and provide a solid historical foundation for the research and scope of this thesis. This is mainly due to the consideration that the factors related to education have long been the basis for the form of discrimination that is related to this pay inequality. The
The day following the inauguration hundreds of thousands of men and women descended upon the capital marching in the Women’s March. One of their chief concerns was the gender wage gap. According to the US Census Bureau on average women make 79 cents to the man 's dollar. Women have long fought for equal pay, and the wage gap has shrunk with the institution of the Equal Pay Act of 1963. Still as the election has turned the tide in a more conservative direction, many women fear that the wage gap will be overlooked and no further progress will be made.
Gender inequality is a very important issue in today’s world that needs to be solved. While it may seem that gender inequality has only been an issue in recent years, it has been going on since humans were living in caves. The stereotype that “men are strong, women are weak” began all the way back when humans were primitive. The primitive men were always the hunters and laborers, and the women were the ones who stayed at home, took care of kids, worked with agriculture, and made food and clothes. The labor women did was, in many ways, more difficult and stressful.
People often believe that “Feminism” is just a thing of the past and now unnecessary because the patriarchal system is no longer subsisting. Women already procured the rights, opportunities, breaks, shots and chances, but they still tussle many struggles. As it is maliciously misconstrued as a way to dominate men, it just shows how little people understand the term. In clarification, it is no synonym to female preeminence or domination, instead, it peacefully advocates women’s rights. Feminism is definitely not a gender issue, but it is a humankind issue.
In an ideal world all races and genders should be paid equally for working the same job. Unfortunately even in our first world country, and all other countries around the globe, this is not the case. It is absolutely unacceptable that some women receive less pay than men simply because of their gender. Our country must unite and strive to eliminate gender pay differences, as it is an embarrassment to our government; several organizations are working to close this pay gap between men and women. One cannot begin the discussion of gender pay gap without defining it.
The gender wage gap persists. Women make up half of the U.S labor force and are a growing number of breadwinners in their families. More women are also working in positions and fields that have been traditionally occupied by men. Women not being paid fairly not only affect them, but also their families. “Despite passage of the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which requires that men and women in the same work place be given equal pay for equal work, the gender gap in pay still remains.”
The gender gap in economic participation can be measured through the difference in numbers between men and women participating in the labour workforce. In the world currently, 82% of men participate in the labour workforce while only 56% of women do. It is estimated that if women participated in the workforce identically to men, the annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2025 could increase as much as 26%; closing the gender gap by allowing more women to participate in the workforce is critical for long-term economic benefits. However, several factors hold women back from economic participation for several reasons, such as social norms, discriminatory laws, and gaps in legal protection. Therefore, it is crucial for governments to enforce laws
Inequality against women is historical, global and persistent. The gender inequality gap in access to and control over productive resources such as land, natural resources, credit facilities, technology and other means of production correlates with women’s poverty and socioeconomic exclusion (Agarwal, 2007; Doss et al, 2006; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013; Commission on the Status of Women, 2014), whereas access to and control of assets is central to women’s socioeconomic wellbeing (World Survey, 2009; Meinzen-Dick et al, 2011; Dickson and Bangpan, 2012; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). For this reason, global attempts towards development have in recent times, given much responsiveness to gender gap issues to ensure that men and women have equal gains
Pay Gap: a bitter difficulty Women and men should receive the same salary for doing the same job. That is the idealistic concept that fits very well in an invented society. However, gender pay gap shows one of the worst discrimination problems nowadays. After several investigations, many factors show that women receive an inferior amount of money in comparison with men, simply due to the gender difference. Thus, the debate is on the table.
For many years there has been controversies about the gender wage gap in our society. Discrimination, abuse, illegal, unfair, and chauvinism are some of terms that come to our minds when this topic is brought to the table since these are the words most critics, advocates, feminist activist, social workers and many others use to refer to the wide gender pay gap existing nowadays. In this paper we are going to examine the arguments of J. R. Shackleton and Hilary M. Lips, to have a better understanding of the gender wage gap in our country and to see if there is a possible solution to this problem.
Not so Pure Sexism "The United States identified women as legal entities as late as 1875", this leads us to believe that women weren't even considered to be citizens even in the late 1800's, what must have been their image in society all the way back to the puritan time period?. Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" occurs in the early puritan time period, and it all starts when two girls are in a coma like state after they have been caught to be dancing around naked in the forest. The town is immediately lead to believe that they are involved in witchcraft. At the time, denial of accusations lead to the person being hanged, but surprisingly enough if you confessed to witchcraft, you were saved. The group of girls claim witchcraft at first but then continue with their lies to gain things out of it.
How S.E. Hinton broke new ground for women by writing the novel The Outsiders The Outsiders is a fiction novel written by S.E. Hinton, and in the novel it tells the story of two different gangs,the Greasers and the Socs and the battle between the two gangs in what is presumed to be their 1960s small Oklahoma town. The novel was inspired by real life occurrences in S.E Hinton’s high school between the two gangs The Greasers and The Socs. In the story two greasers Ponyboy and Johnny killed Bob a Socs in self defense.
The social problem that I am going to introduce is the gender pay gap. This social problem does not fit into the core American value of equality because, quite obviously, having a gap in pay between the genders does not fit the basic definition of “equality”. If all variables are accounted for, a woman, on average, makes 78 cents to every dollar a man makes. With simple math, we can see that there is a discrepancy of 22 cents between women and men’s respective pays. Since the United States was founded on the ideal of “equality for all”, one would presume that this basic principle would extend to equal pay for equal work as well.
The gender wage gap can be explained by the statistic; the female-to-male wage ratio of 2010 was 77% (Ferris & Stein, 2014 pg 255). This means that in 2010, the average female made 23% less in yearly earnings compared to men. Ethnicity can also be included to explain the wage gap. This can be explained by the statistic; Asian males make the most money compared to all other racial groups (Median, 2012). The symbolic interactionism view on gender can be explained as “Gender is learned through the process of socialization; gender inequalities are reproduced through interactions with family, peers, schools, and the media” (Ferris & Stein, 2014 pg 247).
Gender inequality means an unequal treatment or perception of individuals due to gender and this remains a huge obstacle in human development. Though women all around the world are getting much fairer treatment in 21st century as compared to the past, complete equity between two genders is yet to be achieved. Education is said to be key to eradicating gender inequality and I will be focusing on whether education will truly reduce gender inequality. Education will reduce gender inequality in terms lessening the the gap of knowledge and opportunities between man and woman. China is a developing country with the largest population in the world.
Gender Inequality in Labor Force Through the history, almost in every country around the world men have tended to participate more in labor force than women. However, as decades passed, the female participation in labor force has been increased (Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Sandra Tzvetkova, 2017). According to World Development Report 2012, female participation in labor force has increase from 50.2 to 51.8 during the period of 1980-2008. World Bank, 2016 Despite of the fact that female participation in the labor force has increased, the challanges they confront in the workplaces have not been eliminated completely (Michael M. Kasumovic, Jeffrey H. Kuznekoff, 2015)
A woman who works full-time and year-round earn less money than men make because they are discriminated against in labor markets. Even though this is just a myth, it does have a claim to it. By adding up the income of men and women and dividing each by the total population of each gender, one will find that men earn an average of twenty percent more than women do. The truth behind the pay gap is how men and women make choices, choices about investing in their knowledge and skills that will lead to their education and overall job experience. However, the job experience of women is lessened by the reality of unequal pay.
The aim of this essay is to discuss gender, the equal and unequal rights between the sexes, how people are constructed in our societies, and how they differ in general from the past to the present, how everything has changed. “We should stop defining each other by what we are not and start defining ourselves by who we are.” (Watson, E. 2014) There are many inequalities between men and women and as such, one of the inequalities can be said to fight natural actions coming either from God or from nature, women and men are created as two distinct beings. “I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and they desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee” (Genesis 3:16 cited in Haralambos, M. et al 2008) Should men have power over women?
Equal work for equal pay has being the slogan for many equality marches around the world. Meanwhile some denounce that there is even a wage gap at all. “Women make 78 cents for every dollar a man makes,” is the most commonly heard statistic whenever the topic of the wage gap arises. While this statistic is factually correct, there is also a lot that is not being said. This only compares the medium wages for men and women that work full time.
What is gender wage gap, and how does it affect men and women in terms of earnings where conflict and functional perspectives comes into play? Gender wage gap is the systematic differences during the Women’s Movement that affected both men and women in terms of wage percentages within the labor force. “As measured by median annual earrings of full-time employees, women earn less than men, a global pattern that holds across all racial and ethnic groups, all levels of education, and as we saw earlier, throughout occupation” (Lindsey, 2011, pg. 291). Another words, on average women earn about seventy -five cents less than a man did working in the same field, and it took her nearly five months just to possibly match that of a man salary over